What is a 501c3 rescue

What is a 501c3 rescue DEFAULT

How to Start a Rescue or Other Animal Nonprofit

This manual includes a plan for how to start an animal welfare organization, including writing a mission statement, setting goals, establishing a board of directors, defining policies, rallying public support, and more.

Table of Contents
Coming together for the animals
1.) Do research and preliminary planning
2.) Write your mission statement
3.) Set your goals
4.) Establish your board of directors
5.) Obtain 501(c)(3) nonprofit status
6.) Set up an accounting system and budget
7.) Define policies and standards
8.) Take it to the public: Cultivate support in the community
9.) Hold a productive first meeting
10.) Recruit and develop people
11.) Provide quality services for animals
12.) Assess your organization's progress and make changes
For more information on nonprofit management

Coming together for the animals

Why start an organization to help animals? When you form a humane organization, you create a focal point for efforts to help the animals, an outlet for compassionate support from the public which did not exist before. Your group can become a powerful network to protect and advocate for the animals. There’s strength in numbers!

Where do I start? If you start out with an understanding of what will be required to make your efforts successful, you’ll already be ahead of the game.

While the purpose of your new organization is to help animals, all the principles that apply to running a successful business apply equally to this venture. Ultimately your organization will succeed or fail as a business.

To achieve your goals, it is essential to invest sufficient time and resources into planning, management, and fundraising. Most people understand the importance of providing quality care to animals, but struggle with the administrative aspects of running the organization.

Woman in a plaid shirt holding a black and white, medium hair cat, who is looking at the camera

Lynda Foro, president of Doing Things for Animals (a national advocacy program for no-kill organizations), advises startup groups that while direct care may be the purpose of the organization, an equal amount of time is needed for management, fundraising, and related tasks.

No one person must, or even can, do everything. Most successful organizations are the product of teamwork, requiring the cooperation of several people with varied skills and talents who share a dedication to the group’s purpose. One person’s interests and talents may lead him to spend most of his time on direct animal care, while someone else will need to spend most of her time on administrative tasks.

Starting an animal organization step-by-step

This publication takes you, step-by-step, through the process of starting an organization to help animals. It won’t all happen neatly in this order, but generally this is what needs to be done.

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1.) Do research and preliminary planning

In the excitement of starting something new, it’s tempting to rush through this first step. But energy invested in research and planning early on saves at least twice the time in mistakes later.

Know the basics. If you don’t have a business background, reading a single book on nonprofit management can make a world of difference. Most local libraries have books on the subject, and the price is right! Talking with knowledgeable people, visiting other successful organizations, and attending workshops or seminars can help to give you a rounded perspective and prepare you for what lies ahead. As you meet and talk with others in the humane movement, you’ll also be developing a valuable support network of colleagues.

Be informed about issues. What is the scope of the problem in your own community? How can you best address it? What are the factors affecting animal overpopulation in general? What are others in the humane movement doing? How can we work together?

Talking with other humane organizations, attending conferences, and subscribing to animal-related periodicals and publications for animal welfare professionals are good ways to keep up with recent developments. It’s uplifting and energizing to learn about new ideas and meet other like-minded individuals.

“I attend the No-Kill Conference … I consider it my ‘sanity check,’ my once-a-year effort to get focused,” reports Jane Long of the People’s Anti-Cruelty Association / Albuquerque Animal Rescue. “I return home surrounded by the aura of confidence that I acquired from the inspirational speakers.”

Best Friends co-founder Faith Maloney recounts an uplifting experience at a conference sponsored by SPAY/ USA several years ago: The development of early-age spay/neuter was first announced, making it possible to neuter puppies and kittens before adoption to ensure that they will not breed. Faith returned to her work with the determination and information necessary to implement this new policy, as did many of the other conference attendees.

Learn as much as you can about animal care. Your organization sets an example for the public. Keeping up-to-date on proper animal care is critically important. It’s also important to know your limits. When in doubt, refer people to experts – veterinarians, behaviorists, and other organizations.

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2.) Write your mission statement

Much of your organization’s success lies in articulating a clear and motivational mission statement for your work. This purpose should touch your heart and the hearts of those who will support your work.

Ask yourself, “Exactly what are we trying to do here?” Defining your purpose precisely in words is tremendously powerful. Your mission statement will guide all of your work; it will help you with future decision-making and help get your message across to the public.

A successful mission statement will be:

  • Brief (one or two sentences)
  • Clear and positive in tone
  • Action- and results-oriented
  • And will motivate people to support your work

Writing your mission statement also lays the groundwork for filing your corporate papers, which customarily require a statement of purpose.

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3.) Set your goals

Don't confuse goal-setting with your mission statement. Goals are specific statements about what you need to achieve to fulfill your mission. To make them more concrete, put your goals in writing. Focus on results and the actions needed to achieve them. Your goals should be inspiring and motivational! Whenever possible, make them measurable.

Where to start? Start with your long-range goals and work back to the present. Where do you want to be in 10 years? (The answer to this question will give you your long-range goals.) What interim steps will you need to take to get there? (These are your intermediate goals.) Finally, decide which of these goals you’ll work on in the first and second years. (These are your short-range goals; you’ll want to focus on these right away.)

Once the goals are agreed upon, consider how you will accomplish them. Specifically, what programs will you develop? What will be required in terms of financial resources and people?

As you do your planning, keep in mind that it’s important to demonstrate success early on. (Remember the old adage: “Nothing succeeds like success.”) You may not want to tackle your most challenging project first; instead, hone your skills and develop the team with a more manageable project.

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4.) Establish your board of directors

What is the role of the board? The board of directors governs the organization. The board is responsible for establishing the direction of the organization and for its financial, ethical, and legal well-being. The board is also responsible for hiring the executive director and for ongoing oversight.

If board members also fulfill other roles within the organization, as they often do in humane organizations, they should have a clear understanding that this work is separate and apart from their role as board members. They must respect the authority of the appointed executive director and staff with regard to daily operations.

Who should be on the board? When you are putting together the board, there are two key components to consider: the skills and talents that you need, and the personalities to make your organization work.

Legal, accounting, veterinary, public relations, and business skills can all be valuable to your organization. Once you identify the types of skills needed, list potential individuals to contact. If you do not know them well, you’ll want to check them out – meet and talk with them. Also, talk with others who have worked with them in the past. Their ability to work well with others and their commitment to the core values of your organization are as important as their talents.

Squatting man holding up a treat with a small black and white dog or puppy jumping up to get it

How do we prevent problems before they start? Horror stories of troubled boards abound: the overly aggressive individual who scares everyone else off; the nice but uninvolved person who can never make it to the meetings; the contrary person who disagrees with everything. People who have had such experiences will tell you that an ounce of prevention is definitely worth a pound of cure.

Take the time to get to know people before inviting them onto the board. Your bylaws can help with solving problems when they occur; they should allow for removal of a board member and should establish “terms of office” for them, which can provide a nonconfrontational way to end an unproductive relationship.

How many is too many? Generally, a smaller board (seven individuals or less) is easier to work with and is often more efficient than a larger one. The size of the board of directors must be set down in your bylaws. Most states require a minimum of three board members.

Factors to consider when selecting board members

  • Will they work well with your group? (A single troublesome individual can impede progress and make everyone else miserable.)
  • Do they understand and agree with the organization’s purpose and goals? Share its basic principles?
  • Will they put in the time needed?
  • What resources do they bring to the board?
  • Will they commit to help with fundraising?

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5.) Obtain 501(c)(3) nonprofit status

Incorporation has several important benefits. It limits personal liability, lends credibility to your work, and enhances the status of the animals under your care. Once your group obtains 501(c)(3) nonprofit status from the IRS, donations to your work will be tax-deductible, which encourages larger gifts.

Additionally, incorporating and obtaining your tax-exempt status becomes essential as your group grows. Failure to comply with IRS tax codes and state laws relating to charitable donations can create serious problems for your group.

What to do first. You’ll want to start by registering the corporate name and gathering the necessary paperwork. Name registration and incorporation paperwork is usually available from your Secretary of State or Corporation Commission. Forms for filing your 501(c)(3) application are available from the Internal Revenue Service. You may also need to file with your state for a certificate to solicit donations and for sales tax exemption. This is often done through the Attorney General’s office.

Woman holding black and white cat in a room that is surrounded with lots of orange shelves

Where to call. You can call your State House to get the phone number for your Secretary of State and Attorney General’s office. Ask for information on:

  • Registering the corporate name
  • Incorporating a nonprofit
  • Any other regulations that apply to charitable nonprofit organizations

You can also call the IRS at 800-TAX FORM or visit its website at www.irs.gov.

Why bylaws are needed. Bylaws set down the framework for the governance of the organization. It’s important that the bylaws are in compliance with both your state and federal government requirements. For this reason, it’s important to do some research. “Boilerplate” bylaws are available at your local law library. Looking at other organizations’ bylaws can also be helpful. Consider the wording carefully and keep the bylaws simple.

What’s in a name?

Select your organization’s name carefully. It’s possible to change a corporate name, but it’s much better to get it right the first time! Name changes can be expensive, time-consuming, and confusing to donors.

How will the name sound and what will it imply to an individual learning about your group for the first time? The name SPCA implies that the group performs cruelty investigations. The term “rescue” suggests that you provide rescue services for animals. A geographic name indicates that you only serve and raise resources from a restricted area.

Try to select a name that is:

Avoid names that are:

  • Common (such as Adopt-a-Pet, Save-a-Pet, P.A.W.S.)
  • Similar to another organization
  • Very long and complicated

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6.) Set up an accounting system and budget

You’ll need an effective accounting system that documents income and expenses in understandable categories. If you do not have an accountant or bookkeeper, consider recruiting one to help you with this task.

What do we do first? You’ll need to create a budget. Based on your track record of spending and bringing in resources and on your plans for the next year, you can project expenses. If you’re just starting out, use your goals as a starting point for estimating expenses. Your accountant can be of help here. The budget is a guideline. You don't have to get it penny-perfect; just do the best you can. You'll get better at projections over time.

When doing your budget, do not neglect to allocate resources to fundraising. It takes money to make money!

Woman laughing next to a big bloodhound dog named Luther

Why go through all this? Well, there are several good reasons: First, the board and executive director need to have a clear understanding of the resources needed to make your plans work. It’s a sobering experience to realize that you have the responsibility to raise these resources.

Second, the IRS requires that you put together a budget and have a sound accounting program in place for tracking your work. Finally, large donors, particularly foundations and businesses, will want to see your budget before they consider funding you.

When your budget is done, you can clearly see what you need to raise in terms of financial resources. (Check out our other manual, Animal Shelter Fundraising Ideas.) But you still have more work to do to ensure the success and stability of the organization.

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7.) Define policies and standards

Defining your organization’s policies and standards is an ongoing process. If your organization is vital and growing, the policies and standards will be revised periodically. But you will not want to put off developing the initial policies for too long.

Establishing policies and standards (in writing), and sharing them with everyone involved, is a critical part of creating an environment where people can work together successfully toward a common goal. Everyone needs to know who makes decisions and what the usual procedures are.

Your policies will need to include things like the services you will routinely provide for the public, veterinary care protocol, and a listing of individuals empowered to authorize veterinary care. Such guidelines help to create stability within the organization (keeping everyone on the same track). They also give the organization credibility by helping to ensure that consistent, quality services are provided. If you need a starting place, examine other organizations’ policies and procedures.

Aren’t policies and bylaws the same thing? They shouldn’t be. While the organization’s bylaws address the framework and governance of the organization, policies and procedures address daily operations. Policies are more detailed, but they are also easier to change than the bylaws.

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8.) Take it to the public: Cultivate support in the community

Hold a public meeting. Once the groundwork is laid, you need to cultivate the support of the community, reach out, and involve more people. In order to succeed, your organization is going to need the support of many, many people. The next step is holding a public meeting, where you can explain what your group is going to accomplish.

Man with a small cream and white kitten lying over his shoulder

You don’t want to throw a party and have nobody show up! Publicity is key here, so follow these steps:

Start your mailing list. Compile the addresses of your animal-loving friends and ask all your board members and volunteers for names and addresses of people they know who may be interested. You’ll need a simple, computerized mailing-list database to keep track of these addresses.

These names and addresses (your mailing list) form the foundation of all your future fundraising efforts. (See Animal Shelter Fundraising Ideas for more information on building a mailing list.)

Create a meeting notice. Send it to all the folks on your newly created mailing list. Use an eye-catching photo or drawing of an animal on the notice and make sure that ALL of the following pertinent information is included:

  • Who is involved
  • Organization’s name, mailing address, phone number, e-mail address
  • Subject of the meeting
  • When (date and time)
  • Where (give the address and directions)

Also, remember to make it friendly, fun, and interesting. Will refreshments be served? Will a local celebrity or trusted community leader be there? Invite people to bring a friend.

Timing the arrival of the notice is important, too. More than three weeks prior and people forget; less than 10 days before the meeting and their schedules are already filled!

Put up posters. A good poster campaign is an inexpensive and highly effective way to attract people to your meeting. An 8 1/2" x 11" poster printed on brightly colored paper with an eye-catching image of an animal will do the job.

Select locations and assign volunteers to post the notices. Vet clinics, groomers, public libraries, town halls, supermarket bulletin boards, pet supply stores, and local businesses should all be covered. To maintain good relations in the community, always ask permission before posting notices.

Contact the media. Send a news release to the local newspapers and a public service announcement to local radio stations. (See the publicity section in Animal Shelter Fundraising Ideas for more information.)

Woman sitting on the ground with a small black and tan dog sitting in her lap looking at the camera

Creating publicity materials that work

  • Appearance matters! If it’s too busy, hard to read, sloppy, or dull, it will not have the desired result. Use graphics or photographs to make your materials more eye-catching.
  • Accuracy counts. Have at least two people proofread all materials before they go out – letters, posters, flyers, literature about the group, everything. They should be checking for errors in spelling, grammar, and content.
  • Style and tone. Avoid using guilt or a “doom and gloom” approach. You can present substantive information in a positive manner. Your events should sound appealing and up-beat and your organization should be presented as a winning, successful program.

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9.) Hold a productive first meeting

Be aware of the goal of the first meeting. At this first meeting, it’s important to establish your credibility and to explain the program clearly and positively. While you want to convince people of the seriousness of this problem, be sure to speak in a positive tone. You must convince the attendees that this is a doable project, that they can make a difference. No one wants to get on board a sinking ship!

An unproductive meeting can be the kiss-of-death to a young group, since the busy, productive people you need to connect with do not have time to waste.

Provide written materials. Provide handouts that people can take home, and encourage them to share the information with others. These are some of the materials you’ll want to have available at the meeting:

  • Information about the program or organization
  • Donation request form or flyer
  • Sign-in sheet that requests the attendee’s name and mailing address
  • Volunteer form that gives people the opportunity to indicate how they may be willing to help out and to inform you about any feral colonies or animal problems that they are aware of in town
  • Posters announcing the next meeting date
  • Donation coin canister
  • Photos of animals that you have helped and photos of some that are in need of help

Organizing a successful meeting

  • State in one or two sentences exactly what you would like your meeting to accomplish.
  • Prepare a written agenda. Set time limits for each item. (Provide a written copy of the agenda to each attendee.)
  • Set ground rules and appoint a strong, but fair, chairperson. Her job is to maintain focus and order and prevent the meeting from degenerating into a series of “cute animal stories” or “war stories.” After the meeting ends is the appropriate time for people to chat. (Don’t underestimate the value of personal time spent getting to know people. Many valuable connections are made informally, after the meeting is over.)
  • Arrange follow-up. Note action items and take action!

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10.) Recruit and develop people

Carefully select key volunteer staff. All of your preparation will pay off here. You want volunteers to buy into your organization's mission and goals – up front.

Appoint one of your board members to spearhead your volunteer recruitment. Provide written job descriptions (these can be brief) and training, which must include the organization’s policies and procedures. Effective follow-up is as important as initial training. A good volunteer coordinator works with the volunteers on an ongoing basis to ensure that important tasks are completed on time, to get feedback, and to supply additional training as needed.

Recruit capable people. Many people approach volunteer recruitment by standing up at a meeting and asking, "OK, is anyone willing to do this?" Instead of waiting to see who volunteers, try actively selecting the person you want to do the job. This takes a bit more time, since you’ll need to get to know the individuals, but it tends to result in higher-quality help. Once you have selected the right person, call or arrange to meet, and let her know that she’s just the right person for the job!

Train people. After volunteers are assigned tasks, they'll need thorough training in order to perform their roles effectively. Anyone in your group who provides hands-on animal care (including trapping, foster care, transport) must receive general animal health-care information, complete training in the care and handling of the animals, and instruction in the proper use of equipment. Training should be a top priority, since you must ensure the safety and well-being of the volunteers and all animals that come under your care. Everyone also needs to have an understanding of the organization’s policies and procedures.

Address problems. While you want to be tolerant of differences and develop each individual to their fullest potential, remember that the organization’s mission must come before the interests of any one person. If an individual is disruptive to many others or becomes an impediment to the organization’s mission, you can and should fire the volunteer. You do not have to accept the services of an individual who is not working within your organization’s prescribed guidelines. Naturally, this assumes that you have carefully and fairly examined the situation. It’s often advisable to get a partner in such decisions (perhaps a board member or program coordinator), since another perspective helps to ensure fairness and diffuse tension and blame. It may also be helpful to have a written policy about the organization’s relationship to volunteers.

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11.) Provide quality services for animals

Quantity without quality is destructive. Don't do more than you can do well; the animals deserve quality care. Providing good care for the animals and accurate information for the public must be top priorities in developing your programs, and in selecting and training your volunteers. Take care not to expand services more quickly than your resources can support them.

Regarding veterinary care, local vets may be willing to offer discount services once your program is explained. For assistance in locating a receptive veterinarian or clinic, you may want to contact SPAY/USA (800-248 SPAY) and Friends of Animals (800-321-PETS) for referrals. You only need to find one willing veterinarian to start; you can always build other relationships as you grow.

Devising a reliable authorization system for vet care, keeping careful track of your expenses, and paying the veterinarians promptly are critical parts of maintaining a good reputation in the community.

Special considerations: Opening a no-kill shelter

If your organization is considering operating a shelter facility, there are some additional issues to be considered:

Raising sufficient resources. The animals under your care will be entirely dependent on you, not only for routine care and food, but also for emergency veterinary care. Talk with other successful organizations to get an accurate picture of the financial and time commitment involved in operating a shelter. You’ll need to assess your initial and ongoing financial needs AND your ability to keep resources coming in.

Meeting the psychological, as well as the physical needs of the animals. A no-kill shelter that will house animals for extended periods of time must be able to provide a cage-free environment. It’s not humane to keep cats or dogs confined in cages for prolonged periods of time. Each animal also needs daily personal attention from staff or volunteers.

Avoiding overcrowding. If your shelter becomes overcrowded, the animals run an increased risk of developing health problems and stress-related behavior problems. Since you will receive many more calls to help animals than you’ll reasonably be able to accept, you need to have a strategy in place to handle these calls. Providing instructions to help people place animals into new homes themselves and making referrals to other area organizations are constructive ways to encourage people to do the right thing.

Dealing with the euthanasia issue. Responsibly-run no-kill shelters provide humane euthanasia to animals who are suffering and beyond help. It’s best to have a written policy in place regarding the standards for making the decision to euthanize an animal and to determine who within the organization is responsible for making this decision. (There must be backups in case the key person is unavailable.) The opinion of your veterinarian and the group’s ability to provide good quality of life for the animal ought to weigh heavily in the decision-making process.

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12.) Assess your organization's progress and make changes

The leaders of the organization are responsible for fulfilling the organization’s mission and meeting the organization’s goals. This requires periodically assessing your progress and making necessary changes to get the job done. Are you truly fulfilling your mission? Are you meeting your goals? Are the programs working?

Remember, success is an ongoing process of making adjustments.

Laughing woman wearing sunglasses holding a brown dog who is licking her face

A labor of love

Though starting an organization is labor-intensive, it's also richly rewarding on many different levels. Every adoption represents a victory in our life-saving work. Every spay or neuter prevents many births. Every individual that you reach with your message of compassion and caring for the animals will share the message with others. Many of your program’s volunteers will forge new friendships with others they meet at meetings and events. Your effort will not only help many, many of the community’s animals, but it will build a strong alliance of people who care about animals. The ripple of compassion that you put into motion will keep on growing, and growing. And that’s what it’s all about!

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For more information on nonprofit management


Independent sector
A coalition of leading nonprofits, foundations, and corporations strengthening not-for-profit initiative, philanthropy, and citizen action.
1200 Eighteenth Street, NW, Suite 200
Washington, DC 20036
Phone: 202-467-6100
Fax: 202-467-6101
Web: www.independentsector.org

National Council of Nonprofit Associations
A network of 37 state and regional associations of nonprofits representing more than 21,000 nonprofits throughout the country.
1030 15th Street NW, Suite 870
Washington, DC 20005
Phone: 202-962-0322
Fax: 202-962-0321
Web: www.councilofnonprofits.org/

The premier resource for practical information, tools and best practices, training, and leadership development for board members of nonprofits.
1828 L Street NW, Suite 900
Washington, DC 20036-5114
Phone: 202-452-6262 or 800-883-6262
Fax: 202-452-6299
Web: www.boardsource.org

Points of Light Foundation
A national, nonpartisan, nonprofit organization that promotes volunteerism.
1400 I Street NW, Suite 800
Washington, DC 20005
Phone: 202-729-8000
Fax: 202-729-8100
Web: www.pointsoflight.org

Nonprofit Risk Management Center
A source for tools, advice, and training to control risks so you can focus on your nonprofit’s mission.
1001 Connecticut Avenue NW
Washington, DC 20036
Phone: 202-785-3891
Fax: 202-296-0349
Web: www.nonprofitrisk.org


The Nonprofit Handbook (2002)
by Gary Grobman
White Hat Communications
P.O. Box 5390
Harrisburg, PA 17110-0390
Phone: 717-238-3787
Fax: 717-238-2090
Web: www.whitehatcommunications.com/nonprofit.htm

How to Form a Nonprofit Corporation (2017)
by Anthony Mancuso
Nolo Press
950 Parker Street
Berkeley CA 94710-2524
Phone: 800-728-3555
Fax: 800-645-0895
Web: www.nolo.com

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Sours: http://resources.bestfriends.org/article/how-start-rescue-or-other-animal-nonprofit

501(c)(3) organizations fall into one of three primary categories: public charities, private foundations, and private operating foundations.

Public charity.  Public charities are what most people recognize as those organizations with active programs.  Examples include churches, benevolence organizations, animal welfare agencies, educational organizations, etc.  They usually receive a substantial portion of its revenue from the general public or from government.

In order to remain a public charity (and not a private foundation), a 501(c)(3) must obtain at least 1/3 of its donated revenue from a fairly broad base of public support. Public support can be from individuals, companies and/or other public charities.

Donations to public charities can be tax deductible to the individual donor up to 60% of the donor’s income2,3. Corporate limits are generally 10%. In addition, public charities must maintain a governing body that is mostly made up of independent, unrelated individuals4.

Private foundation.  A private foundation is often referred to as a non-operating foundation, as they typically do not have active programs. They are not required to be publicly supported, so revenue may come from a relatively small number of donors, even single individuals or families.

Private foundations are usually thought of as nonprofits which support the work of public charities through grants, though that is not always the case. Donations to private foundations can be tax deductible to the individual donor up to 30% of the donor’s income. Governance of a private foundation can be much more closely held than in a public charity. A family foundation is an example of a private foundation.

Private operating foundation.  The third category is the least common: private operating foundation. These organizations often maintain active programs similar to public charities, but may have attributes (such as close governance) similar to a foundation. As such, private operating foundations are often considered hybrids. Most of the earnings must go to the conduct of programs. Donation deductibility is similar to a public charity.

Sours: https://www.501c3.org/what-is-a-501c3/
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501(c)(3) Animal Rescue

Public Charity vs Private Foundation

There are two types of nonprofits that are eligible for 501(c)(3) status: public charities and private foundations.

Meeting the criteria for a public charity is more difficult than for a private foundation.

In fact, all 501(c)(3) organizations are considered private until they can meet the requirements to be a public charity.

It is generally understood that public charities perform a direct activity (education, churches, etc.).

Organizations like the American Red Cross or World Vision give medical care or provide education for children in need, and are excellent examples of public charities.

Most public and private universities also have 501(c)(3) status as public charities.

Private foundations, on the other hand, typically fund other programs through grants, rather than fund their own activities.

The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, for example, is the biggest private foundation in the world.

An easy way to think about the difference between public charities and private foundations is to look at the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, they provide educational grants that pay for worthy candidates’ undergraduate and graduate degrees.

They don’t provide a direct activity, but instead provide the funding for other 501(c)(3) organizations to carry out their mission.

Another substantive difference between the two, however, is the manner in which they collect funds.

Although private foundations may accept some limited donations from individuals, usually the bulk of the funding comes from either a small pool of wealthy philanthropists, or even a single individual.

For this reason, private foundations have relatively fewer constraints on how they use their money.

An organization is eligible to be classified as a public charity if a significant portion of their donations comes from the general public or government.

At least â…“ of their total donations must come from the public, meaning citizens, corporations, and other nonprofits.

Since the public has such a heavy hand on the funding for a charity, public opinion can have a significant impact on the organization as a whole.

Requirements for Eligibility and Maintenance

In order for an organization to qualify for 501(c)(3) status, they must be involved with one or more of the following:

  • Religion (such as churches)
  • Charity (such as the Salvation Army)
  • Literacy (such as the Barbara Bush Foundation for Family Literacy)
  • Education (such as scholarships)
  • Prevention of cruelty to animals and/or children (such as PETA)
  • Fostering amateur sports, either locally or internationally (such as the Special Olympics)
  • Public safety (such as Red Cross)
  • Scientific activities or operations (such as museums)

There are also a few things that an organization cannot do without compromising its 501(c)(3) status.

  • They cannot, for example, fund the campaign or activities of any political candidate.
  • They can lobby, however, there is a limit on the amount of funds they can spend on this activity.
  • If they exceed this amount, they may be obligated to pay excise taxes on the difference.
  • They must also remain true to their mission.
  • They are not allowed to use the funds they collect to finance a different project than the one they were established for, even if it is still an act of charity.

A program for the prevention of animal cruelty, for example, may not provide funding for an education program like a museum.

If a charity wishes to change its mission, it must first file the change with their state.

Application for 501(c)(3) Status

To apply for 501(c)(3) status, an organization must complete Form 1023 or Form 1023-EZ with the IRS, within 27 days of incorporating.

Along with the application to the IRS, the organization must also include their Articles of Incorporation.

Form 1023-EZ is a streamlined version of the standard form 1023.

However, not every organization can take advantage of it.

Check out this PDF from the IRS to see what the eligibility requirements are for form 1023, and instructions on how to complete it.

There are some cases in which an organization is not required to fill out either form to qualify for 501(c)(3) status.

Churches and public charities that bring in less than $5,000 per year are spared from having to submit these forms to the IRS, for example.

However, many may still choose to do so anyway to ensure that all donations are kept tax-exempt.

We got you covered

From discussions on various finance terms to drafting comprehensive financial plans for your organization, count on Finance Strategists to cover all your needs. Reach out to a financial advisor in Wheaton, IL or check out our financial advisor page to see the areas we serve.

Sours: https://learn.financestrategists.com/finance-terms/501c3/501c3-animal-rescue/
Benefits of Starting a Nonprofit Organization (Running a Nonprofit Business)

Rescue/Shelter Requirements and Expectations

RescueGroups.org is interested in developing partnerships with reputable animal welfare organizations which meet the following requirements:

  • Must be operating as a non-profit business (501(c)(3) is not necessarily required)
  • Must be in the business of preventing or rescuing homeless animals (or helping those that perform those activities)
  • Must not promote breeding or the sale of pets
  • Must have documented spay/neuter rules
  • Must have a public information or education program to promote spay/neuter and humane education
  • For all services other than the Pet Adoption Portal you must be incorporated as a non-profit company, and be in the process of obtaining or already have non-profit status

NOTE: Your organization does NOT need to have non-profit status in order to use the Pet Adoption Portal service. For all other services, you must either have your non-profit status or be in the process of gaining non-profit status.

If you are not sure if your organization meets our requirements, please contact us.

Required Documentation

What information and documentation will be requested?

  1. One of the following non-profit status documents (unless you are a Municipal or Tribal Agency, or are an organization signing up for the Pet adoption Portal service only):
    1. IRS 501(c)(3) Determination Letter or Canadian Registered Charitable Status
    2. Non-profit application submission confirmation letter
    3. Estimated non-profit application submission date (for use with 3-month trial)
  2. Veterinarian’s reference letter
  3. Adoption contract

General Sign-up Requirements

The Veterinarian Reference letter must include the following, on veterinarian letterhead:

  • Veterinarian office contact information
  • Veterinarian license number and state
  • List of services performed for your organization
  • How long services have been performed

Each partner organization must also provide the following information during the sign-up process:

  • A valid phone number and/or email address for public contact
  • A valid phone number, email address and mailing address for private communication
  • A valid secondary contact for the organization

Ongoing/Continuous Organization Expectations

RescueGroups.org expects your organization to maintain a high-level of professionalism and customer service at all times.  Specifically, we expect the following (as applicable for your organization):

  • All public animal information will be kept up-to-date and adopted or otherwise unavailable pets marked with an appropriate status immediately.
  • All animal listings will be accurate and honest
  • All public and private contact information will be accurate (both organization and animal specific contact information)
  • All email and phone inquiries will be responded to within an appropriate time -- including situations where the inquiry is for a pet that is no longer available
  • Incorporation and non-profit verification provided when requested
  • All local and state required permits and licenses will be maintained
  • No animal control or cruelty citations, violations, or convictions
  • Each volunteer will use their own user account in the RescueGroups.org system, and user names and passwords will not be shared
  • All users agree to and abide by the RescueGroups.org Terms of Service and Spam Email Policy.

Common Questions

Do I need to already have non-profit status before signing-up with RescueGroups.org?

No, you don't.  If you are using the Pet Adoption Portal you only need to operate as a non-profit.  For all other services you must be in the process of gaining non-profit status.

Why does RescueGroups.org have strict requirements and high expectations?

RescueGroups.org partners with for-profit and non-profit companies to help gain exposure for adoptable pets and animal welfare organizations.  It's important that your animal and contact information be accurate, and that you be responsive to inquiries from the community.

How are complaints handled?

If we receive a complaint from the community concerning you or your organization we will investigate.  If you are violating any of our requirements, expectations or terms of service your account will be closed.

Are organizations ever removed from RescueGroups.org?

Yes, we cancel accounts if they violate any of our requirements, expectations or terms of service.

Sours: https://rescuegroups.org/partner-requirements-and-expectations/

Is rescue what a 501c3

Animal Rescue, Inc.

EIN23-2180310Name in IRS Master FileANIMAL RESCUE INCORPORATEDNTEE CodeD20NTEE ClassificationAnimal Protection and WelfareNTEE TypeAnimal-RelatedClassificationCharitable OrganizationSubsection501(c)(3)  (View the list of codes)Activities(994) Described in section 170(b)1)(a)(vi) of the Code
(355) Wildlife sanctuary or refuge
Foundation StatusOrganization which receives a substantial part of its support from a governmental unit or the general public   170(b)(1)(A)(vi)DeductibilityContributions are deductibleAffiliationIndependent - the organization is an independent organization or an independent auxiliary (i.e., not affiliated with a National, Regional, or Geographic grouping of organizations).Group Name[Not Applicable]Ruling DateJanuary, 1982Filing Requirement990 (all other) or 990EZ returnFiscal Year EndJulyIRS Forms 990
(provided courtesy of Foundation Center) (Log In or Register Now to View Forms 990!)
  • July, 2018
  • July, 2017
  • July, 2015
  • July, 2014
  • July, 2013
Sours: https://www.charitynavigator.org/index.cfm?bay=search.irs&ein=232180310
Can you Fundraise Before You have 501c3 status?

An animal welfare society’s beginning

For so many animals, it was the beginning of a miracle. It was the 1980s. Shelters across America routinely killed cats and dogs as the primary method of handling unwanted pets. Around 17 million animals perished every year. Older, sick and problem animals were the first to go. Then, a group of friends began taking some of those "unadoptables" to a safe haven to heal. With proper care and patience, the vast majority of these animals found loving forever families. The remaining animals spent the rest of their days romping in the new sanctuary. That group of friends who cared so deeply about animals grew and flourished and became Best Friends Animal Society, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization and animal welfare society.

Save Them All

At the core of Best Friends' work is the dream that one day animals will no longer be killed in America's shelters. By implementing spay/neuter and trap-neuter-return (TNR) programs to reduce the number of animals who enter shelters, and increasing the number of people who adopt pets, we know we can end the killing. We know we can Save Them All.

Best Friends Animal Sanctuary

At the heart of Best Friends is the Sanctuary, where, at any given time, about 1,600 animals are turning their lives around, receiving the medical help they need, and getting love and acceptance to help them overcome their past. While searching for their forever homes, they live in a scenic, healing environment among human and animal friends.

Best Friends owns nearly 3,700 acres, and we lease another 17,000 acres of state and federal land. Nearly 30,000 people visit every year to meet the animals and tour what has become the nation's largest no-kill sanctuary for companion animals. Learn more about the Sanctuary.

Around the country

The ability to Save Them All can only be achieved when like-minded organizations and individuals come together. Best Friends works collaboratively with other groups, government, and regular folks throughout the nation. Our outreach programs get to the very root of animal homelessness nationwide.

The Best Friends Network brings animal shelters and rescue groups together from across the country to hold mutual adoption events, public education campaigns, and fundraising drives. Working together, these groups are able to save many more lives than they could in isolation

Best Friends has put together a coalition in Los Angeles dedicated to ending the killing of healthy and adoptable pets in L.A. city shelters, as well as programs to spay/neuter animals, find homes for shelter pets, and raise public awareness. Best Friends also took over operations of a shelter there, which serves as both a spay/neuter center and a no-kill adoption center for animals who had already arrived in other shelters.

The NKUT Coalition is working to Save Them All through lifesaving programs in Utah and the Best Friends Lifesaving Center is open in Salt Lake City. Additional Best Friends Lifesaving Centers are opening nationwide, including Atlanta and New York City.

We are a proud participant of Shelter Animals Count, a nonprofit organization dedicated to creating, sharing and stewarding a national database of sheltered animals that provides facts and enables insights to save lives.

Nationwide, Best Friends is also advocating for the following:

Puppy mills: Best Friends is working hard to combat puppy mills, one of the major contributors to animal homelessness, through public awareness campaigns, legislative work, and encouragement of adopting rather than purchasing pets.

Community cats: Cats comprise the majority of animals dying in shelters — up to 70 percent in some places. Most of these are community cats (stray and free-roaming). Best Friends is working to save lives by implementing innovative trap-neuter-return programs across the country. Some of the most successful to date have been in Los Angeles, California; Salt Lake City, Utah; Jacksonville, Florida; San Antonio, Texas; and Albuquerque, New Mexico. These programs have helped reduce cat shelter deaths by as much as 65 percent.

Pit bull terriers: Like cats, pit bull terriers comprise a disproportionately high number of animals dying in shelters. At Best Friends, we fight breed-discriminatory laws, and work hard to change the image of the pit bull terrier nationwide through Neighborhood Pit Bull Days, advertisements, and more to give these dogs the chance to make it out of shelters and into the arms of loving families.

From humble beginnings, Best Friends Animal Society has grown into a national leader in the no-kill movement. But the future lies in the same place that it all began — with caring individuals who want to make this a kinder nation for our pets. It's people like you who started it all, and people like you who will help us to Save Them All.

Sours: https://bestfriends.org/who-we-are/our-story

Similar news:

Starting a 501(c)(3) Animal Rescue

615x200_ds-photo_getty_article_94_231_118512249_XSIf you’ve been rescuing unwanted pets on your own but want to do more, consider starting a nonprofit animal rescue. If your nonprofit organization receives IRS 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status from the Internal Revenue Service, donor contributions become tax-deductible and you can apply for grants from various foundations and government agencies. More donations from more sources means that means you can help more animals find loving homes.

501(c)(3)4u will assist you in every phase of obtaining IRS 501(c)(3) tax-exempt status.

The following are points to consider when looking into nonprofit status:

  • Getting Started
    • Visit the IRS website for information rules regarding nonprofit organizations. Check with your state’s attorney general’s office for nonprofit organization’s reporting rules and requirements, including the number of directors a nonprofit must have in your state. Ask your secretary of state or AG’s office for information on how to form a nonprofit. You must make sure your proposed organization’s name is not already taken. If it is, you must find another, suitable name. Your group can file for nonprofit status itself, or hire 501(c)(3)4u to take care of all the paperwork and filings.
    • You must file the articles of incorporation with the state, designating an individual as a registered agent and an address for your organization.  A copy of your filed articles of incorporation and a federal application for IRS 501(c)(3) tax exemption must be sent to the IRS. On both the state and federal level, you must pay any applicable filing fees. After submitting the paperwork to the IRS, it can take anywhere from two to six months or longer for your organization to receive nonprofit status.
  • Board of Directors
    • Your nonprofit organization requires a board of directors. That can be tough if you’ve been a one-man band, making decisions about rescued pets on your own. Your board makes the decision regarding the mission statement and bylaws. Your board should be made up of animal lovers with skills that go beyond pet rescue and fostering. If possible, find a veterinarian, accountant, attorney, member of the clergy or other person with presence in the community to serve on the board, along with individuals with fundraising and grant-writing experience.
  • Establishing a Volunteer Base
    • Animal rescues need volunteers. While not everyone can foster an animal, volunteers can put their particular talents to work to help the organization. You might find volunteers online through social media, local dog training facilities and breed clubs. Develop an email list or Facebook page for volunteer information and updates. Put up flyers at local animal-related businesses such as pet stores and grooming salons. Have volunteers fill out a form designating their interests, areas of expertise and availability.
  • Mission Statement and By-Laws
    • You and your board must formulate a mission statement and by-laws for your operation and for the public’s benefit. 501(c)(3)4u can help with this essential part of your application.  The mission statement outlines and specifies your basic goals. For example, do you intend to rescue both dogs and cats, or focus on one species? If your rescue concentrates on one or more breeds, that’s part of your mission statement, as is the geographic area from which you rescue and adopt out animals. Your board can revise the mission statement over time if it wants to expand or change your rescue goals.
    • Your bylaws govern your organization. The bylaws include rules regarding members, meeting schedules, number of people on the board and officers and their election and terms, resignations and filling vacancies, any compensation and standing committees. They also outline the duties of board members and officers and their indemnification. Bylaws are usually adopted at the board’s initial meeting.

  Again, 501(c)(3)4u can help draft bylaws containing your  organization’s specific needs and desires.
  • Rescue Fundraising
    • Fundraising is a constant part of running a rescue. Fortunately, methods for raising funds are endless, but you need volunteers to coordinate and run them. New rescues can start with old standbys like yard sales, bake sales, donation bins at local retailers and tables at local fairs and other events. Ask local businesses, especially those selling pet products, to sponsor your rescue or otherwise contribute. Other low-budget fundraising events for new rescues include dog walks or runs, offering sponsorship of specific pets until adoption or selling 50/50 raffle tickets.

  There are specific and important rules and regulations concerning a nonprofit organization operating a raffle, so be sure those are followed before any raffles are conducted.
  • Fostering and Adopting Animals
    • While volunteers can often foster animals at home, your rescue must have a policy in place regarding any compensation or reimbursement for any expenses incurred by the volunteers. As you grow, you may be able to rent a kennel or similar space to temporarily keep animals until a foster or permanent home is found. Your rescue must develop an adoption contract, which includes adoption eligibility and any requirements, such as a home visit prior to adoption approval or return of the animal if the adopter can no longer keep the pet.
  • CALL 501(c)(3)4U and let us help!  We can obtain your nonprofit status quickly, efficiently and at a very reasonable cost.
Sours: https://www.501c34u.com/how-to-start-a-501c3-animal-rescue/

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