Ovulation symptoms babycenter

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Ovulation Calculator & Calendar

Our Ovulation Calculator gives you the dates you're most likely to be fertile over the next several months. Mark your calendar!


How we calculate your fertile days

The Ovulation Calculator estimates when you'll ovulate by counting back 14 days from the day you expect your next period. (If your cycle is 28 days long, your next period should start 28 days from the first day of your last period.)

Your fertile window includes the day you ovulate and the five days before, but keep in mind that you're much more likely to get pregnant during the last three days of this time frame.

See other ways to pinpoint your fertile days and get pregnant fast. Find out how to use an ovulation predictor kit, chart your basal body temperature, and pay attention to changes in cervical mucus.

Signs you may be ovulating

  • Rise in basal body temperature
  • Cervical mucus is the texture of egg whites
  • Breast tenderness
  • Mild cramps or twinges in the abdomen
  • Very mild spotting
  • Heightened sense of smell
  • Increased sex drive
  • Changes in appetite or mood
  • Bloating

Tips for getting pregnant

  • Find out when you’ll ovulate using our calculator, an ovulation predictor kit, or by tracking your symptoms.
  • Have sex during the two or three days before you ovulate.
  • See your doctor, kick unhealthy habits, and start taking folic acid before you start trying.
  • Sex position and female orgasm don’t affect your chances of getting pregnant.

Sources

BabyCenter's editorial team is committed to providing the most helpful and trustworthy pregnancy and parenting information in the world. When creating and updating content, we rely on credible sources: respected health organizations, professional groups of doctors and other experts, and published studies in peer-reviewed journals. We believe you should always know the source of the information you're seeing. Learn more about our editorial and medical review policies.

ACOG. 2019. Fertility awareness-based methods of family planning. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Fertility-Awareness-Based-Methods-of-Family-Planning[Accessed October 2019]
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10 signs of ovulation

1:32 min | 1,012,569 views

If you're trying to get pregnant, learning how to identify and track ovulation symptoms can help you plan when to have sex.

Show transcript

10 signs of ovulation

Trying to get pregnant? Here are some signs that you're ovulating:

  • Changes in basal body temperature: On the day after you ovulate, your BBT will go up by 0.5 to 1.0°F
  • Changes to your cervix: Your cervix is softer, higher, wetter, and more open
  • Breast tenderness: Your breasts or nipples may feel sore or achy
  • Changes in cervical mucus: You may notice an increase in cervical mucus and a change in its texture
  • Heightened sense of smell: You may be more sensitive to certain scents
  • Changes in appetite or mood: Your emotions or hunger cues might fluctuate
  • Fluid retention: You might feel bloated
  • Cramping: You may feel mild cramps in your abdomen or a one-sided backache
  • Mild spotting: Vaginal bleeding or discharge may occur when an egg is released
  • Increased sex drive: You might feel sexy, flirty, more sociable, and more physically attractive
Video production by Kino Bino.

Last updated: January 2020

Sours: https://www.babycenter.com/getting-pregnant/ovulation/10-signs-of-ovulation_40006852
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Symptoms your ovulating????

Here's a link...

http://infertility.about.com/od/tryingtoconceive101/a/ovulationsigns.htm

And this is from the 'What to Expect' website...

4. Get to know your cervix: Ovulation isn't an entirely hidden process. As your body senses the hormone shifts that indicate an egg is about to be released from the ovary, it begins to ready itself for the incoming hordes of sperm and give the egg its best chance of getting fertilized. One detectable sign of oncoming ovulation is the position of the cervix itself. During the beginning of a cycle, your cervix — that neck-like passage between your vagina and uterus that has to stretch during birth to accommodate your baby's head — is low, hard, and closed. But as ovulation approaches, it pulls back up, softens a bit, and opens just a little, to let the sperm through on their way to their target. Some women can easily feel these changes, while others have a tougher time. Check your cervix daily, using one or two fingers, and keep a chart of your observations. The other cervical sign you can watch for is the appearance, increase in quantity, and change in consistency of cervical mucus (the stuff that gets your underwear all sticky). Its more noble purpose is to carry the sperm to the ovum deep inside you.

After your period ends, you'll have a dry spell, literally; you shouldn't expect much, if any, cervical mucus. As the cycle proceeds, you'll notice an increase in the amount of mucus with an often white or cloudy appearance — and if you try to stretch it between your fingers, it'll break apart. As you get closer to ovulation, this mucus becomes even more copious, but now it's thinner, clearer, and has a slippery consistency similar to an egg white. If you try to stretch it between your fingers, you'll be able to pull it into a string a few inches long before it breaks. (How's that for fun in the bathroom?) This is yet another sign of impending ovulation — as well as a sign that it's time to get out of the bathroom and get busy in the bedroom. Once ovulation occurs, you may either become dry again or develop a thicker discharge. Put together with cervical position and BBT on a single chart, cervical mucus can be an extremely useful (if slightly messy) tool in pinpointing the day on which you are most likely to ovulate — and it does so in plenty of time for you to do something about it.

HTH!!

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Ovulation

Ovulation symptoms: How can I tell when I'm ovulating?

What is ovulation?

Ovulation is when you release an egg from one of your ovaries. From the five days before ovulation through to the day that you ovulate, you're potentially fertile. But your chances of getting pregnant are highest if you have sex in the last three days of this six-day window.  

When do you ovulate?

Generally, you ovulate in the middle of your menstrual cycle. If you have an average 28-day cycle, you may ovulate around day 14. However, lengths of normal cycles can vary from 21 to 35 days. Some women ovulate around the same day each cycle, but for others the timing is hard to pinpoint.

Learning how to identify and track ovulation symptoms can help you plan when to have sex if you want to get pregnant.

Ovulation symptoms

Almost all women have these three ovulation symptoms:

  • Changes in basal body temperature (BBT). Your BBT is your lowest body temperature in a 24-hour period. On the day after you ovulate, your BBT will go up by 0.5 to 1.0 degree Fahrenheit and stay elevated until your next period.
  • Changes in cervical mucus.Cervical mucus is the vaginal discharge you sometimes find in your underwear. During the few days before you ovulate and immediately after ovulation, you may notice an increase in cervical mucus and a change in its texture.
  • Changes to the cervix. During ovulation, your cervix is softer, higher, wetter, and more open.

The following symptoms are not as common or consistent as the ones described above, so you may have all, some, or none of them. They may include:

  • Breast tenderness
  • Mild cramps or twinges in the abdomen, or a one-sided backache, known as mittelschmerz (German for "middle pain")
  • Very mild spotting (vaginal bleeding or discharge that may occur when an egg is released)
  • Heightened sense of smell
  • Increased sex drive (some women say they feel sexy, flirty, more sociable, and more physically attractive)
  • Changes in appetite or mood
  • Fluid retention

graphic explaining 10 signs of ovulation

How to calculate ovulation

There's no foolproof method to predict when you'll ovulate. But here are a few ways you can estimate when it's most likely to happen, so you can try to time sex or intrauterine insemination (IUI) accordingly and boost your chances of getting pregnant.

(If that egg gets fertilized by a sperm and implants in your uterus, you're pregnant!)

Try the calendar method

If your cycle is regular – the same number of days each time – you can try the calendar method (also known as the Standard Days Method).

To estimate when you'll ovulate:

  1. Find your expected ovulation day: To do this, count back 14 days from when you expect your next period.
  2. Calculate your fertile window: This includes the day you ovulate and the preceding five days. So, for example, if day 1 is the first day of your period and day 28 is the day before you expect your next period, you'd be fertile on days 9 through 14.
  3. Emphasize the last three days: You're much more likely to get pregnant during the final three days of your fertile window than during the days immediately after you ovulate. This is because your egg survives in your fallopian tube for 24 hours after ovulation. And although sperm can survive in a woman's body for up to five days, they are more likely to fertilize your egg within three days of having sex.

This method is the easiest way to estimate your fertile window, but it's not very accurate, even if you have a good idea of when your next period will start. That's because ovulation rarely happens exactly 14 days before menstruation.

In one large study of women with 28-day cycles, the day of ovulation varied from seven to 19 days before menstruation. Ovulation happened 14 days before a period only 10 percent of the time.

So you can see how it's possible to miss your fertile window altogether using this method. On the other hand, it's simple, free, and worth a try, especially if you're not in a hurry to conceive.

Use an ovulation calculator

You can use BabyCenter's Ovulation Calculator to find out which days you're likely to be fertile according to the calendar method and what your due date will be if you conceive. It's one quick and easy way to figure out how to increase your chances of getting pregnant

Use an ovulation predictor kit

Testing your hormone levels with an ovulation predictor kit (OPK) is a more dependable way to identify your fertile window, though it doesn't work perfectly for all women.

There are two kinds of kits:

  • Urine tests: This is the most common. The pee-on-a-stick test indicates when your level of luteinizing hormone (LH) has gone up, which usually means one of your ovaries will soon release an egg. Some tests measure the level of another hormone, estrone-3-glucuronide (E3G), that also goes up around the time of ovulation.
  • Saliva tests: With the saliva test, you use a microscope to spot a pattern in your dried saliva that indicates the rise in estrogen that happens in the days before ovulation.

Both types of tests show a positive result in the days before you ovulate, giving you time to plan ahead for baby-making sex.

The kits are available at drugstores or online without a prescription. They can cost between $10 and $50 each.

Chart your cycle by monitoring ovulation symptoms

You can track subtle changes in your basal body temperature, cervical mucus, and cervical firmness for a few cycles to try to determine when you ovulate.

If you pay attention to these clues and note them on a chart or app, you may see a pattern that can help you predict when you're likely to ovulate next. (If your periods are irregular, however, you may not notice a pattern.)

Charting is free (after you buy the thermometer), but this method takes time and effort to do accurately.

Here's how you track each symptom:

  • Basal body temperature: You use a special basal thermometer (that you can buy online or at a drugstore) to measure your BBT every day, right when you wake up and after you've had at least three hours of uninterrupted sleep. After ovulation, your BBT will rise 0.5 to 1.0 degree Fahrenheit and stay that way until you get your period. The change in temperature doesn't tell you when you're going to ovulate, only that you have ovulated, so it's important to use this method in tandem with observing the changes in cervical mucus throughout your cycle.
  • Cervical mucus: For most of the month, you may have very little cervical mucus, or it may be thick and sticky. But in the few days before, during, and immediately after ovulation, you'll notice an increase in cervical mucus and a change in its texture: It will turn clear, slippery, and stretchy (like raw egg whites). This is the time, just before ovulation, when intercourse is most likely to lead to conception.
  • Cervix changes: As you approach ovulation, your cervix will become soft, high, open, and wet – you can remember this with the acronym SHOW. After ovulation, these signs reverse and the cervix becomes firm, low, closed, and dry. You can feel these changes if you reach inside your vagina with a finger. Read on for more in-depth information on checking your cervix.

It can also help to be aware of other ovulation symptoms you might have, such as spotting or cramping. Although this isn't a precise way to determine when you're ovulating, it may be helpful to be aware of these symptoms (if you have them) while using the calendar, OPK, or charting methods.

How to check your cervix for signs of ovulation

If your other fertility signs are obvious – you produce fertile-quality cervical mucus leading up to ovulation and have a sustained temperature shift following the buildup of cervical mucus that confirms ovulation – you shouldn't need to check your cervix. But if there's any ambiguity, your cervix offers good information to back up the other two signs.

Many women aren't familiar with touching their cervix. And when they do, they may not know exactly how it should feel. (How soft is "soft," for example?)

Here's what you need to know about checking your cervix:

  • Check when your mucus changes consistency: The best way to learn about your cervix is to start checking it once your cervical mucus changes consistency and to continue checking for a few days after your temperature has risen. That phase of about five days is when you'll notice the most abrupt change.
  • Insert finger to middle knuckle: To check your cervix, insert your clean middle finger into your vagina up to at least your middle knuckle or even farther. Notice how the cervix feels to the touch. Just before ovulation it may feel like your lips. After ovulation it will feel harder, like the tip of your nose.

Learn more about ovulation tracking

Find out more about how keeping track of your BBT and ovulation symptoms can help you predict ovulation. Then follow the steps to charting your BBT and cervical symptoms.

Sours: https://www.babycenter.com/getting-pregnant/ovulation/ovulation-symptoms-how-can-i-tell-when-im-ovulating_484

Symptoms babycenter ovulation

Ovulation pain

What is ovulation pain?

Ovulation pain is a sensation you may feel when your ovary releases an egg – usually midway, about day 14, in an average 28-day menstrual cycle. The pain is called mittelschmerz, which is German for "middle pain."

Ovulation pain is perfectly natural and not a sign that anything is wrong. In fact, if you're trying to get pregnant, ovulation pain may help you identify your window of fertility.

Not everyone feels ovulation pain. But it does affect more than 40 percent of women of reproductive age. For these women, ovulation pain occurs most months.

You may also have very light spotting or discharge along with ovulation pain.

What does ovulation pain feel like?

Ovulation pain usually feels like mild cramps or twinges in the abdomen. It may be dull and achy, similar to menstrual cramps. Or it can be sharp and sudden. Rarely, the pain is severe.

It's usually felt on one side – the side that released an egg – though you may also feel ovulation pain in the middle of your abdomen or in your lower back, on one side. For most women, the sides alternate from month to month, though not always. (You'll only feel it on one side at a time.) Some women have ovulation pain every month and others feel it only occasionally.

Ovulation pain is usually most intense when it begins, then subsides over the next day or two.

If the pain is severe, you may have nausea, too.

Causes of cramping during ovulation

Experts aren't sure of the exact cause of cramping during ovulation, but the pain may be a result of:

  • The egg enlarging right before ovulation, stretching the surface of the ovary.
  • The follicle rupturing when the egg releases from it.
  • The ruptured follicle releasing fluid or blood along with the egg. The fluid and blood may irritate the lining of the abdomen and the pelvis.

By the way, you won't have ovulation pain if you're taking the Pill or have a hormonal IUD, because these methods of birth control prevent ovulation.

Ovulation pain usually only lasts a few minutes to a few hours, though it can linger for up to a day or two.

How to cope with ovulation pain and cramping

Most women don't need treatment for ovulation pain. If your ovulation pain and cramping is very uncomfortable, you can try:

  • Over-the-counter pain relievers, such as ibuprofen
  • A heating pad
  • A hot bath
  • Rest

If your ovulation pain is severe and chronic – and you're not interested in becoming pregnant – you can ask your doctor about birth control pills or other hormonal birth control that will prevent ovulation.

When to call the doctor about pain during ovulation

Call your doctor if your ovulation pain is severe or persistent. Also call if you have:

  • A fever
  • Pain while urinating
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Red or burning skin where the pain is located
  • Diarrhea or constipation
  • Early signs of pregnancy or a positive pregnancy test
  • Missed periods
  • Vaginal bleeding between periods
  • Foul-smelling or otherwise unusual vaginal discharge

If your ovulation pain is recurrent, you may want to track when it happens during your cycle.

Severe or persistent abdominal pain may be a sign of:

  • Ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg grows outside the uterus)
  • An ovarian cyst (a fluid-filled sac or pouch in the ovary)
  • Endometriosis (the tissue that normally lines the uterus grows outside it)
  • Appendicitis (inflammation of the appendix, which is a small organ at the top of the large intestine)
  • STIs or other infections
  • Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID, an infection in the upper genital tract)
  • Scar tissue from surgery, including a c-section

You may need a pelvic exam, an abdominal exam, an abdominal or vaginal ultrasound, and other tests to rule out causes other than ovulation pain.

Learn more:

Sours: https://www.babycenter.com/getting-pregnant/ovulation/ovulation-pain_40008476
Inside Pregnancy: Weeks 15 - 20 - BabyCenter

Ovulation

Ovulation most commonly happens in the middle of your menstrual cycle. Working out when you’re ovulating can be helpful when you’re trying to conceive, as your most fertile days are the days leading up to ovulation. It can be difficult to pinpoint exactly when you’re ovulating, but your body does show signs. You can track and chart the common symptoms of ovulation like changes to your basal body temperature and cervical mucusto work out when you’re ovulating and when your fertile window is. Learn what the signs of ovulation are and how to spot them.

What is ovulation?

Ovulation is when one or more eggs are released from one of your two ovaries. This happens towards the end of your fertile window, between periods.

Each month, a surprisingly large range of between three and 30 eggs mature inside your ovaries (Knudtson and McLaughlin 2019). The ripest egg is released and swept into one of your fallopian tubes. Your fallopian tubes connect your ovaries to your womb (uterus).

Your ovaries don’t necessarily take it in turns to release an egg. It just happens at random.

How does ovulation influence when I can get pregnant?

To become pregnant naturally, one of your eggs and your partner’s sperm have to meet in your fallopian tube. Your egg survives no more than 24 hours after you’ve ovulated (NHS 2018). So the meeting of egg and sperm has to occur within this time.

However, sperm can survive in your vagina, womb or fallopian tubes for up to seven days, fertilising the egg when it’s released (NHS 2018).

This means that you don’t have to time sex to the exact moment you ovulate to get pregnant. You actually have a fertile window of about six days (NICE 2017, NHS 2019a).

This window includes the five days before and the day of ovulation itself (NICE 2017). If you have sex every two days or three days during your fertile window, your freshly ovulated egg has the best chance of meeting live, healthy sperm and being fertilised (NICE 2017, FPA 2018).

Top 10 signs of pregnancy

Trying for a baby? Watch our video on the top signs of pregnancy to find out if you're expecting. More pregnancy videos

When do you ovulate?

Regardless of how long or short your menstrual cycle normally is, ovulation usually occurs about 10 to 16 days before your next period starts (FPA 2018, NHS 2019b).

For example, say you have a regular 28-day cycle. Count the first day of your last period as day one. Your fertile window is likely to be around days 10 to 16 (NHS 2018).

However, a lot of women have an irregular cycle. If this applies to you, the time from the first day of your last period to ovulation can vary from one month to the next (FPA 2018).

What are the signs of ovulation?

You can start to notice signs that you’re fertile about five days before you ovulate. Working out your fertile window using your cycle dates alone is not an exact science. This is why learning to spot your body’s fertile signs can help.

The main signs and symptoms of ovulation include:

  • changes to your cervical mucus (NHS 2019b)
  • increased body temperature (NHS 2019b)
  • an ache in your belly (NHS 2019b)
  • tender breasts (NHS 2019b)
  • feeling more attractive or sexy than usual (Cantú et al 2014, Jones et al 2018)

Changes in cervical mucus

Cervical mucusis the discharge that you see in your knickers or on toilet tissue when you go for a wee.

Changes in your cervical mucus can signal when you are fertile and close to ovulating. They are caused by the rising levels of the hormone oestrogen in your body (FPA 2018).

You're at your most fertile when your mucus becomes clear, slippery, and stretchy (FPA 2018, NHS 2019b). It’s a bit like raw egg white. This fertile mucus speeds the sperm on its way up through your womb. It nourishes and protects the sperm as it travels towards your fallopian tubes to meet your egg.

After ovulation your cervical mucus gradually goes back to being thick and sticky (FPA 2018).

See our photo gallery to check how cervical mucus changesthroughout your cycle.

Some women try charting their cervical mucus and basal body temperature to monitor the changes and work out when they’re ovulating.

Cramps or an ache in your belly

About one in five women can actually feel something happening in their ovaries around ovulation (Jacobson 2019). This can range from mild achiness to painful twinges. Some women feel ovulation as a one-sided backache or a tender area. The condition – called Mittelschmerz, which means ‘middle pain’ (FPA 2018)– may last anywhere from a few minutes to a couple of days (NHS 2019c).

If you notice these sensations at roughly the same time each month, check your cervical mucus. Ovulation cramps or pain can be a useful guide to when you’re fertile.

Feeling sexy

Many women say that they feel more sexy around ovulation. There are even studies to suggest that hormones may help to make women feel more desirable, flirty or sociable on some days than on others (Cantú et al 2014, Jones et al 2018, Suschinsky et al 2014). One small study even found that women are more drawn to wearing flattering clothes around the time of ovulation (Zhuang and Wang 2014).

There isn’t enough good evidence to be sure of this link though (Arslan et al 2018, Jones et al 2018, Stern et al 2020). So, how sexy you feel, or don’t feel, isn’t a very reliable way to work out whether you’re ovulating or not.

Try our ovulation calculatorto help you work out when your fertile window is likely to be.

Some women use ovulation predictor kitsto pinpoint their most fertile time. Most of these kits test for the peak of the luteinising hormone, or LH surge, which is the actual trigger for egg release. You could use these to find out when you are most fertile during your menstrual cycle (NHS 2019b), although using them to time sex won’t necessarily increase your chances of getting pregnant (NICE 2019).

How can I increase my chances of getting pregnant?

Regular sexthroughout your cycle gives you the best chance of conceiving (NICE 2017). Try to have sex every two to three days (NICE 2017). Then sperm with good motility will be in the right place whenever you ovulate.

Having sexwhen your cervical mucus is wet, slippery, and most receptive to sperm will also increase your chances of conception (NHS 2019b). And you’ll be happy to know that the odds are with you.

One in three couples who are having sex two to three times per week will conceive within a month (Tommy’s 2018).

More than eight out of ten women aged under 40 who have regular sex without using contraceptives will get pregnant within a year (FPA 2018, NICE 20172019). Of those women who don't become pregnant after a year, half will conceive within two years (NICE 2019).

Visit our community

Trying to conceive? Discuss ovulation, sex positions for getting pregnant and more in our friendly community.

References


Arslan RC, Schilling KM, Gerlach TM et al. 2018. Using 26,000 diary entries to show ovulatory changes in sexual desire and behavior. J Pers Soc Psychol Aug 27 [epub ahead of print]. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Accessed May 2020]

Cantú SM, Simpson JA, Griskevicius V et al. 2014. Fertile and selectively flirty: women's behavior toward men changes across the ovulatory cycle. Psychol Sci 25(2): 431-8. [Accessed May 2020]

FPA. 2018. Bodyworks. Your guide to understanding reproduction. Family Planning Association. Derby: McCorquodale. www.sexwise.fpa.org.uk [Accessed May 2020]

Jacobson JD. 2019. Mittelschmerz. medlineplus.gov [Accessed May 2020]

Jones BC, Hahn AC, Fisher CI et al. 2018. General sexual desire, but not desire for uncommitted sexual relationships, tracks changes in women's hormonal status. Psychoneuroendocrinology 88: 153-7. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Accessed May 2020]

Knudtson J, McLaughlin JE. 2019. Female reproductive endocrinology. MSD Manual, Professional Version. www.msdmanuals.com [Accessed May 2020]

NHS. 2018. Trying to get pregnant. Health A to Z. www.nhs.uk [Accessed May 2020]

NHS. 2019a. When am I most fertile during my cycle? Common Health Questions. www.nhs.uk [Accessed May 2020]

NHS. 2019b. How can I tell when I'm ovulating? Common Health Questions. www.nhs.uk [Accessed May 2020]

NHS. 2019c. Ovulation pain Health A-Z. www.nhs.uk [Accessed May 2020]

NICE. 2017. Fertility problems: assessment and treatment. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. CG156. London: NICE. www.nice.org.uk [Accessed May 2020]

NICE. 2019. Pre-conception – advice and management. Clinical Knowledge Summaries. National Institute for Health and Care Excellence. cks.nice.org.uk [Accessed May 2020]

Stern J, Gerlach TM, Penke L. 2020. Probing ovulatory-cycle shifts in women’s preferences for men’s behaviors. Psychol Sci 31: 424-36. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Accessed May 2020]

Suschinsky KD, Bossio JA, Chivers ML. 2014. Women's genital sexual arousal to oral versus penetrative heterosexual sex varies with menstrual cycle phase at first exposure. Horm Behav 65(3): 319-27. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Accessed May 2020]

Tommy’s. 2018. How long does it take to get pregnant?. www.tommys.org [Accessed May 2020]

Zhuang JY, Wang JX. 2014. Women ornament themselves for intrasexual competition near ovulation, but for intersexual attraction in luteal phase. PLoS One 9(9): e106407. www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov [Accessed May 2020]

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