2000 mustang convertible hardtop

2000 mustang convertible hardtop DEFAULT

Mustang ()

Cobra Style Removable Hardtop

Cobra Hardtop Base Price  
Small Window  Only - $
    Big Window  Only- $

Daytona Style Removable Hardtop

Daytona Hardtop Base Price 
 Small Window  Only - $
     Big Window  Only- $


Smooth Line now offers two different style Hardtops for the Mustang Convertible.

”Cobra Style” removable Hardtop fits all  Mustang convertibles. It is styled from the original Mustang Cobra removable Hardtop incorporating the operational OEM quarter windows for a traditional coupe or convertible look. Available with a choice of two rear window sizes: 


Big Window, (coupe size)

Small Window (convertible size)

“Daytona R“ removable Hardtop  fits all  Mustang convertibles is styled from the exciting Mustang coupe roof line and features two fixed side triangular quarter windows for a very sleek, low look.  

Available with a choice of two rear window sizes: 


Big Window, (coupe size)

Small Window,(convertible size)

#1 Performance Option

The #1 MUSTANG performance option is designed for action. Change your wind-in-the-hair boulevard cruiser into a super coupe in minutes. Simply lower the convertible top in the normal position (the convertible top is not removed) and latch the Hardtop in place. Now you can experience the full potential of your Mustang on the street, strip or track.

Enjoyable in Any Season

Adding a Smooth Line Hardtop is the best styling and practical improvement that can be made to your Mustang convertible.

When the weather is fair and the top is down, nothing beats the joy of driving a convertible! If the weather is too hot, too cold, too wet, or if you are on long drive on the freeway, you just can't beat a Smooth Line Hardtop.

Now you can have the best of both worlds! Driving can be enjoyable in any season with the quiet comfort and security from the Smooth Line Hardtop. A perfect replacement for that leaky convertible top. 

Don't let a bad looking, leaking convertible top de-value your car! Mold starts and the rust begins! STOP the hassles, bring back the pride and joy of ownership.  Protect your investment with a life time solution. 

                   Install a Smooth Line Hardtop NOW!

                   "The last top you will have to buy."

Attachment is very simple, does not require any modification to your Mustang and fits all convertibles. Simply lower the convertible top in the normal position.  Attach the Hardtop using the easy to turn tightening knobs. Very easy and requires only minutes No tools are required. Also, the OEM styling bar will fit under the Hardtop.

The Smooth Line Hardtop only weighs approximately 50 pounds and is easy to handle.

All Smooth Line Hardtops are custom made to order. Included at no extra cost is heavy duty packaging for world wide shipping. North American shipments are via truck and overseas are via air or ocean. Freight cost is additional. Ask for our special discounted freight quotation.

Read about Smooth Line hardtops in Mustang Enthusiast.

Features (included in base price)


  • High strength, light weight, precision molded, hand laid, oven cured fiberglass composite.  Approximately 45 lbs.. Easy to lift on and off.

  • Premium automotive grade materials

  • Exterior rain guards.

Exterior Finish (Base Model)

  • Grey sandable gel coat designed for easy finishing using normal body shop technics.

  • Many exterior  upgrade options available.


Interior (Base Model)

  • The interior is fully upholstered with a thick charcoal grey color automotive headliner. 

  • Improved sound and insulating properties compared to the convertible top. Upgrade options available


Rear Window (Base Model)

  • Clear Plexiglas ( 1/8" thick- same as glass)

  • Rear Window Flush mount  

  • This light weight impact resistant acrylic material will not discolor or become foggy and with reasonable care will last for years.

  • Upgradable to tinted Plexiglas.


Attachment Hardware

  • The front and rear mounting system is custom designed for the Mustang.

  • The front incorporates the exclusive “Sure Fit” design for an easy and secure installation.

  • All metal components are made of high strength corrosion resistant steel.  Designed to provide a simple, secure, and professional fitting Hardtop.

  • This application does not require any modification to the vehicle and is easy to install.

  • Once installed the hardtop can be easily removed or reattached in minutes without any tools.


Weather Seals

  • Custom extruded rubber moldings are matched to the windshield, rear deck and side window to ensure a weather tight seal.

  • These OEM quality materials are resistant to sunlight aging, water absorption, and ozone.

Illustrated installation instructions

10 YEAR Limited Warranty


Options / Up Grades

Exterior Options


Grey sandable "as molded" surface with some slight surface irregularities, mold seams, etc. Bodywork will be required to make paint ready, block sanding, filling, priming, and fitting to car before painting. Rear window, exterior moldings, and seals are to be installed after painting. These hardtops are shipped complete with all parts.


Smooth Line hardtops are available with a smooth, black urethane primer ready for color topcoat. “Ready for topcoat’ means that the body shop will have a minimum of prep before spraying the color coat. Absolutely no body work will be necessary. Our prime coating is compatible with all top coats. Color matching is an art! We have found the most accurate color match can be achieved at a quality body shop which uses the latest computer equipment to match the color on your vehicle. Rear window, exterior moldings, and seals are to be installed after painting. These hardtops are shipped complete with all parts.

Are there any other options for the exterior other than painting?




This upgrade is truly distinctive and reminds one of the roof treatments of the 60’s Muscle cars. Tightly stretched, front to rear. Very understated subtle appearance. (Not your grandfather’s Lincoln). There is no need for painting with the vinyl exterior option. Haartz Brand is world renown as the premium automotive vinyl, a very tough material that usually outlasts painted finishes! All exterior moldings and windows are factory installed. Hardtops are shipped complete with all parts, ready for easy installation and use.

View color choices.

FLAT BLACK FINISH:  Upgrade $ extra


Almost flat black finish, very low sheen, reminds one of hot rod primer as seen on the latest exotics. Not paint, this tough composite vinyl material, factory bonded to the hardtop fiberglass shell, is extremely durable, super easy to maintain and will probably outlast your car. No need for painting! All exterior moldings and windows are factory installed. These hardtops are shipped complete with all parts, ready for easy installation and use. 


High tech look! Three dimensional, with amazing light reflecting qualities. Low gloss, marine grade, not a film, won’t yellow or craze. This factory installed textured covering is a very tough material, usually lasts as long as a painted finish! All exterior moldings and windows are factory installed. These hardtops are shipped complete with all parts, ready for easy installation and use.  (See Video)


Upholstered in a thick OEM felt automotive headliner material that will compliment the interior of your car. This headliner significantly absorbs road noises and also is an excellent insulator against heat and cold. Now you will be able to have a normal conversation or really enjoy your favorite music. Great on long drives!


BLACK OR TAN:   Upgrade $ extra

3x thicker than base. Very plush.

Improved sound and insulating properties compared to the convertible top.


CLEAR PLEXIGLAS (1/8" thick-same as glass)   Base Model

This light weight impact resistant acrylic material will not discolor or become foggy and with reasonable care will last for years.

TINTED PLEXIGLAS:  Upgrade $ extra

Dark tint. Great for privacy, bright sunlight or bothersome high beams.

AS-2 SAFTEY GLASS w/ Defog:  SMALL WINDOW ONLY  Upgrade $ extra complete with plug and play wiring extensions.

 Base Price 
 Small Window  Only - $
      Big Window  Only- $

All Smooth Line Hardtops are complete. Nothing else to buy!


 Smooth Line Hardtops

  • Require no modifications to your car.

  • The convertible top does not need to be removed.

  • It stays with the car in the down position. 


     10 YEAR Limited Warranty

Customer Testimonials

“Definitely like the looks of the car with the hardtop. I know it will be much cooler in the car when summer gets here, which will be soon here in south Florida.” -J.L., FL

“it on looks amazing and pretty easy to put on. Thanks.” -  P.W., IL

Sours: https://www.smoothline.com/mustangcobra-hardtop

Petrol Ford Mustang Convertible used cars for sale

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With used Petrol Ford Mustang Convertible cars available on Auto Trader, we have the largest range of cars for sale available across the UK.

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Leasing deals

These deals are based on terms of 8, miles, for a 36 month lease with a 6 months initial payment.

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Your questions answered

  • Ford Mustangs offer a top speed range between mph and mph, depending on the version.
  • Ford Mustang on-the-road prices RRP from £44, and rises to around £57,, depending on the version.
  • According to the official figures, the Ford Mustang's fuel economy ranges between 22mpg and 33mpg.
  • The standard UK car tax rate is currently £ You may also have to pay higher rates based on your car’s emission levels . Learn more about car tax bands.
Sours: https://www.autotrader.co.uk/cars/ford/convertible/petrol/mustang
  1. Old clinton engines
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  3. Top pinoy movie

I’ve been having trouble saying goodbye to my black Mustang convertible. Don’t judge.

Well, ok…judge. I have been. I am the car’s original owner, having taken it home in November of Other than service people in and out of their garages, only four people have been behind the wheel of that car, including myself.

I’d wanted that car — dreamed of owning it, actually — since I was 16 years old. Even before that, I was always drawn to Mustangs, even the boxy ones from my childhood in the late 70s and early 80s. It was years before I learned that I’d taken my first-ever car ride, home from the hospital just days after I was born, in a 1/2 Mustang convertible — with the top down, no less, much to Mom’s chagrin!

I almost bought one of my own in the mids, and my inability to do so led, in part, to my divorce from my wife. But that’s another story for another day.

I bought my Mustang in the middle of said divorce, trading the reliable four door Nissan Altima that had become our family’s second car, primarily because it was a symbol of that marriage going south. If not for that wife, I would have never bought that car. So when the wife hit the road, that Nissan had to go, too.

I almost bought a red Mustang that cold November day, but ultimately decided that, at 34, a red convertible would have been a little too “mid life crisis” for me. I almost bought a hard top, to save a little cash as with the pending divorce I had no idea what my spousal or child support payments might look like. Luckily, I listened to my older brother, who reminded me that I’d wanted a convertible for decades and would have never been happy with a hard top. Even today, when I pull up next to a hard top Mustang at a traffic light, I’m happy I, for once, listened to my big brother.

The first song I played on my then state-of-the-art, in-dash CD player was, fittingly for someone going through a divorce, Diana Ross’ “It’s My Turn.” I put the top down for the first time on an unseasonably warm day that following January day. The soundtrack for that first ride? George Michael’s “Outside.”

Over the last almost 20 years, I’ve enjoyed more cruises with my kids in that car than I can possibly count. I even enjoyed the ones when they were obstinate teenagers (they take after their dad), frantically trying to protect their hairstyles as my then-long dreadlocks whipped in the wind.

That car faithfully took me to many appointments at Friend of the Court, as I battled for custody of my girls. It also carried me to and from work during the most professionally challenging time of my career, bolstering my spirits during my hourlong commute home with classic soul ringing out from its then state-of-the-art Bose sound system. By the time James Brown and I rolled into my driveway, we were both feeling good.

Some people actually give their cars a name. I know right? Stupid. And besides, what name would be worthy of that glorious car? Herbie? It’s taken. Kitt? Also taken. And Superman didn’t drive a car, so I was already mixing super-metaphors by putting a set of Batmobile mats on the floor of that car, early on. So my Mustang didn’t need a name. It was simply my car. And we had a ball together.

To this day, a quick drive to the gas station or Target with the top down can cheer me up. I took the most recent one of those just now, to Home Depot, for absolutely no reason at all, before sitting down to write this.

So why am I saying goodbye? You know when its time. After over , miles, little things have started to go crazy with the car and drive me crazy in the process, most recently the power windows. That’s right: I said , miles. My meticulous oil changes and tune ups paid off. Other than routine maintenance, that car hasn’t given me a minute of mechanical trouble.

But I rented a new Mustang convertible last year during a business trip to LA, and I had to admit that the entire cruising experience has vastly improved during the almost two decades since I bought my

So, you guessed it’s: I recently gave in and bought another Mustang convertible. Why would I buy the same car after almost two decades? If it ain’t broke, don’t fix it. The new one’s completely decked out. The touch screen in the dashboard alone lets me know that its a new day.

And the new car’s silver. My hair was black when I bought the black one, and since I’ve begun to go gray, I figured why not allow my car to do the same?

Over the last few weeks, I struggled with why I was having so much trouble letting the Mustang go, finding myself driving it more than I was the new one. Then, during a recent visit back home to Detroit, I figured it out. I didn’t want to let go of the car because I was afraid of losing all of the wonderful memories I have of driving it.

With that revelation, and the understanding that the memories will always be mine, I posted an ad on Craigslist for the car last week. Almost immediately, I received a response from an interested buyer. Then another. Then another. And tomorrow, one of almost 30 potential buyers will drive off with that wonderful car.

You’d best believe I put them all through their paces, before I found the right one: a divorced guy who says he’s going to put the top down, crank some music on the new Bluetooth-enabled media player I had installed in it a couple of years ago, and have a complete ball riding around town with his two daughters — hand to God — just as I have been for almost two decades.

I love the new Mustang, but there&#;s nothing like your first. That was one badass car.

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Published by Michael P Coleman

Freelance content creator. I used to talk to strangers and get punished. Now, I do it and get published. View more posts

Sours: https://michaelpcoleman.wordpress.com//07/02/its-so-hard-to-say-goodbye-to-mymustang-convertible/
Smooth Line Convertible Custom Hard Tops

Be Smart, Check in Advance. CARFAX — Your Vehicle History.

CARFAX — Your Vehicle History Expert

Sometimes what you don't know can't hurt you, but that's not the case when buying a used car. As an independent vehicle history provider, at CARFAX we've made it our mission to tell you everything you need to know by uncovering as many events as possible from the previous life of a used car. Our primary goal is to help you get to know your next car from the inside out before deciding to make an investment that will be part of you and your family's everyday life. We believe your next car shouldn't be hiding anything from you.

CARFAX Vehicle History Reports contain over 28 billion historical records from 20 European countries, the US and Canada, which are updated daily with new information.

Even if you live in a country we don't collect vehicle data from, it's still always worth checking the Vehicle Identification Number without obligation. The used car import and export market is booming and many owners would be surprised to find out exactly what happened to their vehicle during its previous life abroad.

Privacy for Customers — Transparency over Vehicles

Let's be clear: Although we strive to find every detail of a vehicle's life so far, we are focused only on the vehicle's history, and do not collect any information on previous owners. The information we provide relates solely to the vehicle, its odometer reading, any accidents that have been covered up, where the vehicle comes from and much more — it never gets personal. We've uncovered irreparable damage several times in the past, but other times our vehicle history checks draw a blank — and sometimes that's actually a good thing.

Second Hand — Not Second Best

Did you know that considerably more used cars are sold than new cars? We think this second-hand system is nothing short of fantastic. However, it goes without saying that it gives rise to different methods and tactics: Some sellers will disguise a car that's been in an accident under a fresh coat of paint, tamper with the odometer or conceal theft. This is one of the less appealing aspects of buying second hand. Our goal is to establish trusting relationships between buyers and sellers, since this is the best way to help customers make the right decision. Your new car should be reliable and make you feel safe, as well as make you feel like you haven't paid too much.

But more than anything else, we don't want you or your family unknowingly sitting behind the wheel of a vehicle that isn't % safe. This is why we strive to take these vehicles off the road, which not only makes the used car market safer but our streets safer too.

CARFAX — 35+ Years of Experience in Vehicle Histories

CARFAX was founded in the US in and expanded into Europe in Around team members spread across six European offices process vehicle information from 22 countries.

Fostering strategic partnerships with registration authorities, law enforcement agencies, government departments, insurance companies, inspection centers and numerous other leading companies around the world has enabled us to compile a unique international database for vehicle histories. We use this database to help make the used car market more transparent. We give everyone in the process of buying a used car access to what is currently the world's most comprehensive source for vehicle history reports, and is growing day by day.

We remain neutral and independent despite our partnerships — our sole purpose is help customers make an informed choice and ensure their safety and the safety of their family. This includes never collecting any personal details — we do not accept any PII from data sources amongst the information we provide about a vehicle. We ensure that data protection laws are observed at all times. Furthermore, we always collect our data in compliance with legal and regulatory frameworks — in all the countries in which we are active. We expressly distance ourselves from illegal activities such as data theft, scraping and hacking.

Sours: https://www.carfax.com/UsedFord-Mustang_z

Mustang convertible hardtop 2000

COVERCRAFT Silver Reflec&#;tect® CAR COVER; Mustang Hardtop/Convertible

Authorized COVERCRAFT dealer since not fit Mustang fastback moels, and you want quality, Condition: New other, THREE YEAR COVERCRAFT FACTORY WARRANTY. a COVERCRAFT Exclusive, see details, COVERCRAFT Silver Reflec'tect® CAR COVER; Mustang Hardtop/Convertible. Seller Notes: “custom made cover, If you are going to buy a car cover. be certain to buy a cover manufactured by COVERCRAFT - the leader in automotive protection since to Ford Mustang Hardtop & Convertible. ships direct from the factory”.

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COVERCRAFT Silver Reflec&#;tect® CAR COVER; Mustang Hardtop/Convertible

Mustang Hardtop/Convertible COVERCRAFT Silver Reflec&#;tect® CAR COVER;, not fit Mustang fastback moels, Authorized COVERCRAFT dealer since , If you are going to buy a car cover,and you want quality, be certain to buy a cover manufactured by COVERCRAFT - the leader in automotive protection since , to Ford Mustang Hardtop & Convertible, a COVERCRAFT Exclusive, THREE YEAR COVERCRAFT FACTORY WARRANTY,Wholesale Online,excellent customer service,15 day return policy,To bring you all new quality and health online shopping. CAR COVER; Mustang Hardtop/Convertible COVERCRAFT Silver Reflec&#;tect®, COVERCRAFT Silver Reflec&#;tect® CAR COVER; Mustang Hardtop/Convertible.

Sours: https://bfmf-koeln.de/CAR-COVER;-Mustang/Car-&-Truck-Parts-vxoedvdo
Mustang Removable Hard Top option 1995 SVT Cobra Only.

When it comes to road trips or simply driving around town, hardtop convertibles are the car you want. There is nothing more iconic for a carefree look than someone driving down the road with their windows rolled down and the roof is hidden away. The retracting roof lets the breezes caress the face and the hair fly freely. If you want to learn more about hardtop convertibles, keep reading.

Hardtop Convertibles Overview

How Was The Hardtop Convertible Concept Conceived?

The earliest known car with a hardtop folding roof was the Peugeot Eclipse Decapotable. Since then, there have been many manufacturers who have had commercial success with convertibles.

What Made The Hardtop Convertible Popular?

Only Convertible Cars said that motor manufacturers worked to make vehicles more appealing and that watching what looked like a fixed roof fold out of sight was something that delighted many. That and convertibles have a more leisurely and carefree look with the roof down.

What Was The First Popular Convertible-Type Car?

The Ford Fairlane Skyliner was the first one that older people may remember, but the first convertible-type car with a retractable roof was the Mercedes-Benz SLK Roadster.

What Are The New Design Downsides?

A retractable roof does add weight to the car and requires storage space when not in use. In turn, this can reduce storage space that could typically be used for other things. However, a well-maintained modern roof shouldn't cause any additional problems.

Weather-Proofing: Is There A Difference Between Hard And Fabric?

Despite the common assumption that hard roofs would be less leaky, or not leak at all, the seals on the hard roof to be as prone to water leaks as the fabric roofs.

What Modern Improvements Have There Been?

Not only has the performance of the car been improved upon, but manufacturers such as Ferrari, Mazda, Mercedes, and McLaren have also combined the style and design of the hardtop convertible to increase appeal.

Is The Hardtop Convertible Still Popular?

The hardtop convertible is not as popular as it had once been. The market has seen a decline in the production and availability of hardtop convertibles.

Power-Folding Hardtop Convertibles

Why Should I Opt For A Hardtop Convertible?

Hardtop convertibles let you have fun driving around with the top down, the sun on your face and the wind in your hair. It also gives you the comfort and safety that a hardtop provides. If there is a sudden hail barrage or a rainstorm, the driver can quickly put the hardtop roof back in place. However, power-retractable hardtops are not widely available and not all of the roof structures in the Mazda Miata MX-5 retracts.

What Hardtop Convertible Models Were Released In ?

According to cars.com, only seven cars were offering a power-folding hardtop in They include:

  • BMW 4 Series
  • Ferrari Spider
  • Ferrari Portofino
  • McLaren S Spider
  • Mazda MX-5 Miata RF
  • Mercedes-Benz SL-Class
  • Mercedes-Benz SLC-Class

These cars are bound to turn heads and capture a lot of attention due to their sculpted appearance.

Best Hardtop Convertibles Of The s

What Were Considered The Best Hardtop Convertibles Released In The s?

Below are some of the hardtops released in the s listed on convertiblecarmagazine.com. For this shorter list, only the cars priced under $80, with four stars from Kelley Blue Book are listed. They include:

  • Chevrolet SSR: It has 2 doors, 2 seats and has the style of a s pickup. Priced under $40,
  • Lexus SC 4 seats, 2 doors. It has a body style of a convertible and gets 19 mpg. Priced at almost $67,
  • Mercedes-Benz SLK Roadster: A 2-seat roadster that offers long-term reliability. Priced at $52,
  • BMW Z4 SDrive35i: Crafted for precision and excellence, this 2-seat roadster is priced a little above $53,
  • BMW M3 Convertible: When people think of the classic convertible, this is the build that comes to mind. Four seats and a base price of $69,
  • BMW i 4 Series Convertible: The hardtop roof of this 2 door, 4 seat car can completely retract or raise in 20 seconds. Base price at $49,
  • Cadillac XLR: This 2 door, 2 seat hardtop roadster has the classic, Cadillac lines that make it irresistible. Base price slightly over $79,
  • Lexus SC This curvy 4-seat car handles well and has excellent performance. A base price of $66,
  • Pontiac G6 Convertible: Priced at $30,, this is one of the more affordable hardtop convertibles available.
  • Chrysler Sebring Convertible Hardtop. This 4-seat hardtop convertible has great fuel efficiency. Priced at $30,
  • Mazda MX-5 Miata PRHT: This 2-seat roadster is fun to drive and catches everyone's eye. Base price at $26,
  • Chrysler Sebring Convertible: Perfect for driving around town or out in the country, base price is at $35,
  • Lexus IS C Fantastic acceleration, stylish interior, the base price for this 2-door, 4-seat convertible is $45,
  • Chrysler Convertible: Strong V6 engine with plenty of room in the trunk. The base price for this 4-seat convertible is $34,
  • Mazda MX Base price at $29,
  • BMW 4 Series Convertible: All-wheel drive and 4-cylinder engine with a base price of $53,
  • Chevrolet Corvette Stingray: Performance breaks, manual transmission, and a standard V8 engine. Base price at $56,
  • Mazda Miata RF: A true sports car with no backseat or glove compartment, and has a sport-tuned suspension to make driving quieter. Base price at $33,
  • Mercedes-Benz SLC Roadster: Less expensive than other Mercedes models with a base price of $49,

Financing Your Hardtop Convertible

According to LendingTree, the simplest method for financing your new hardtop convertible is to compare car prices. This way you will avoid being overwhelmed, discover the lowest price you can afford, and you won't rush into making a decision you may regret later. There are several ways in which you can finance a hardtop convertible. These methods include a pre-approved loan. This can be done online, through a bank, or a credit union. If you are approved, then contact a dealership to see if they can compete with the rates you have been offered.

A hardtop convertible is a fun, stylish car that is affordable depending on which make and model you are looking for. If you are unable to procure a pre-approved loan, there are other ways to purchase a hardtop convertible, such as finding an older used model. Get ready to feel those warm summer breezes.

Information and research in this article verified by ASE-certified Master Technician Duane Sayaloune of YourMechanic.com. For any feedback or correction requests please contact us at [email protected].

Sources used:







This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io

Sours: https://www.caranddriver.com/research/a/hardtop-convertibles-quick-guide/

Now discussing:

Ford Mustang

American car manufactured by Ford

Not to be confused with Ford Mustang Mach-E.

Motor vehicle

The Ford Mustang is a series of American automobiles manufactured by Ford. In continuous production since , the Mustang is currently the longest-produced Ford car nameplate. Currently in its sixth generation, it is the fifth-best selling Ford car nameplate. The namesake of the "pony car" automobile segment, the Mustang was developed as a highly styled line of sporty coupes and convertibles derived from existing model lines, initially distinguished by "long hood, short deck" proportions.[3]

Originally predicted to sell , vehicles yearly, the Mustang became the most successful vehicle launch since the Model A.[4] Introduced on April 17, [5] (16 days after the Plymouth Barracuda), over , units in its first year; the one-millionth Mustang was sold within two years of its launch.[6] In August , Ford produced the millionth Mustang; matching the first Mustang, the vehicle was a Wimbledon White convertible with a V8 engine.[7]

The success of the Mustang launch led to multiple competitors from other American manufacturers, including the Chevrolet Camaro and Pontiac Firebird[8] (), AMC Javelin (), and Dodge Challenger[9](). The Mustang also had an effect on designs of coupés worldwide, leading to the marketing of the Toyota Celica and Ford Capri in the United States (the latter, by Lincoln-Mercury). The Mercury Cougar was launched in as a unique-bodied higher-trim alternative to the Mustang; during the s, it was repackaged as a personal luxury car.

For to , the Mustang shared chassis commonality with other Ford model lines, staying rear-wheel-drive throughout its production. From to , the Mustang was derived from the Ford Falcon compact. From to , the Mustang (denoted Mustang II) was a longer-wheelbase version of the Ford Pinto. From to , the Mustang shared its Fox platform chassis with 14 other Ford vehicles (becoming the final one to use the Fox architecture). Since , Ford has produced two generations of the Mustang, each using a distinct platform unique to the model line.

Through its production, multiple nameplates have been associated with the Ford Mustang series, including GT, Mach 1, Boss /, Cobra (separate from Shelby Cobra), and Bullitt, along with "" fender badging (denoting &#;L OHV or &#;L DOHC V8 engines).


Executive stylist John Najjar, who was a fan of the World War II P Mustang fighter plane, is credited by Ford with suggesting the name.[10][11] Najjar co-designed the first prototype of the Ford Mustang known as the "Ford Mustang I" in , working jointly with fellow Ford stylist Philip T. Clark.[12] The Mustang I made its formal debut at the United States Grand Prix in Watkins Glen, New York, on October 7, , where test driver and contemporary Formula One race driver Dan Gurney lapped the track in a demonstration using the second "race" prototype. His lap times were only slightly off the pace of the F1 race cars.[citation needed]

An alternative view was that Robert J. Eggert, Ford Division market research manager, first suggested the Mustang name. Eggert, a breeder of quarterhorses, received a birthday present from his wife of the book, The Mustangs by J. Frank Dobie in Later, the book's title gave him the idea of adding the "Mustang" name for Ford's new concept car. The designer preferred Cougar (early styling bucks can be seen wearing a Cougar grille emblem) or Torino (an advertising campaign using the Torino name was actually prepared), while Henry Ford II wanted T-bird II.[13] As the person responsible for Ford's research on potential names, Eggert added "Mustang" to the list to be tested by focus groups; "Mustang", by a wide margin, came out on top under the heading: "Suitability as Name for the Special Car".[14][15] The name could not be used in Germany,[13] however, because it was owned by Krupp, which had manufactured trucks between and with the name "Mustang". Ford refused to buy the name for about US$10, from Krupp at the time. Kreidler, a manufacturer of mopeds, also used the name, so Mustangs were sold in Germany as "T-5s" until December

First generation (–)

"½" Mustang convertible serial No. 1, sold to Stanley Tuckerwho was given the one millionth Mustang in exchange for his historic car[16]

Main article: Ford Mustang (first generation)

Lee Iacocca's assistant general manager and chief engineer, Donald N. Frey was the head engineer for the T-5 project—supervising the overall development of the car in a record 18 months[17]—while Iacocca himself championed the project as Ford Division general manager.[18] The T-5 prototype was a two-seat, mid-mounted engine roadster. This vehicle employed the German Ford Taunus V4 engine.

The original Ford Mustang I two-seater concept car had evolved into the Mustang II four-seater concept car which Ford used to pretest how the public would take interest in the first production Mustang. The Mustang II concept car was designed with a variation of the production model's front and rear ends with a roof that was &#;in (69&#;mm) lower.[19] It was originally based on the platform of the second-generation North American Ford Falcon, a compact car.[20]

Non-traditional (½) introduction

"fastback", introduced in September for the model year

The Ford Mustang began production five months before the normal start of the production year. The early production versions are often referred to as "½ models" but all Mustangs were advertised, VIN coded and titled by Ford as models, though minor design updates in August at the formal start of the production year contribute to tracking ½ production data separately from data (see data below).[21] with production beginning in Dearborn, Michigan, on March 9, ;[22] the new car was introduced to the public on April 17, ,[23] at the New York World's Fair.[24] Body styles available included a two-door hardtop and convertible, with a "2+2" fastback added to the line in September A white convertible with red interior was used as product placement when the James Bond movie Goldfinger was released September 17, , at its London premiere, where Bond girlTilly Masterson was in a spirited chase with James driving an Aston Martin DB5 in the Swiss Alps. A turquoise coupe was again used in the next film Thunderball at its Tokyo premiere 9 December with Bond girl Fiona Volpe as she drives James to meet the villain Emilio Largo at his compound at a very high speed across The Bahamas.

Favorable publicity articles appeared in 2, newspapers the next morning, the day the car was "officially" revealed.[25][26] A four-seat car with full space for the front bucket seats and a rear bench seat was standard. A "fastback 2+2", first manufactured on August 17, , enclosed the trunk space under a sweeping exterior line similar to the second series Corvette Sting Ray and European sports cars such as the Jaguar E-Type coupe.

Price and record-breaking sales

To achieve an advertised list price of US$2,, the Mustang was based heavily on familiar yet simple components, many of which were already in production for other Ford models.[27] Many (if not most) of the interior, chassis, suspension, and drivetrain components were derived from those used on Ford's Falcon and Fairlane. This use of common components also shortened the learning curve for assembly and repair workers, while at the same time allowing dealers to pick up the Mustang without also having to invest in additional spare parts inventory to support the new car line. Original sales forecasts projected less than , units for the first year.[28] This mark was surpassed in three months from rollout.[5] Another , would be sold during the model year (a record),[5] and in its first eighteen months, more than one million Mustangs were built.[28]


Several changes were made at the traditional opening of the new model year (beginning August ), including the addition of back-up lights on some models, the introduction of alternators to replace generators, an upgrade of the six-cylinder engine from to &#;cu&#;in ( to &#;l) with an increase from to &#;hp (75 to 89&#;kW), and an upgrade of the V8 engine from to &#;cu&#;in ( to &#;l) with an increase from to &#;hp ( to &#;kW). The rush into production included some unusual quirks, such as the horn ring bearing the 'Ford Falcon' logo covered by a trim ring with a 'Ford Mustang' logo. These characteristics made enough difference to warrant designation of the , early versions as "½" Mustangs, a distinction that has endured with purists.[29]

Ford's designers began drawing up larger versions even as the original was achieving sales success, and while "Iacocca later complained about the Mustang's growth, he did oversee the redesign."[30] From until , the Mustang got bigger but not necessarily more powerful.[31] The Mustang was facelifted, giving the Mustang a more massive look overall and allowing a big block engine to be offered for the first time. Front and rear end styling was more pronounced, and the "twin cove" instrument panel offered a thicker crash pad, and larger gauges. Hardtop, fastback, and convertible body styles continued as before. Around this time, the Mustang was paired with a Mercury variant, called the Cougar, which used its own styling cues, such as a "prowling cat" logo and hidden quad headlamps. New safety regulations by the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) for included an energy-absorbing steering column and wheel, 4-way emergency flashers, a dual-circuit hydraulic braking system, and softer interior knobs. The models received revised side scoops, steering wheel, and gasoline caps. Side marker lights were also added that year, and cars built after January 1, , included shoulder belts for both front seats on coupes. The models also introduced a new &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) V8 engine, designed with Federal emissions regulations in mind.

The restyle "added more heft to the body as width and length again increased. Weight went up markedly too."[30] Due to the larger body and revised front end styling, the models (but less so in ) had a notable aggressive stance. The models featured "quad headlamps" which disappeared to make way for a wider grille and a return to standard headlamps in the models. This switch back to standard headlamps was an attempt to tame the aggressive styling of the model, which some felt was too extreme and hurt sales, but production exceeded the total.[32]


Starting in , to aid sales and continue the winning formula of the Mustang, a variety of new performance and decorative options became available, including functional (and non-functional) air scoops, cable and pin hood tie-downs, and both wing and chin spoilers. Additionally, a variety of performance packages were introduced that included the Mach 1, the Boss , and Boss The two Boss models were to homologate the engines for racing. The Mustang was the last year for the GT option (although it did return on the third-generation Mustang for the model year). A fourth model available only as a hardtop, the Grandé, saw success starting in with its soft ride, "luxurious" trim, 55 pounds (&#;kg) of extra sound deadening, and simulated wood trim.

Sales fluctuation

Developed under the watch of S. "Bunkie" Knudsen, Mustang evolved "from speed and power" to the growing consumer demand for bigger and heavier "luxury" type designs.[33] "The result was the styling misadventures of –73 the Mustang grew fat and lazy,"[33] "Ford was out of the go-fast business almost entirely by "[34] "This was the last major restyling of the first-generation Mustang."[35] "The cars grew in every dimension except height, and they gained about pounds (&#;kg)."[35] "The restyling also sought to create the illusion that the cars were even larger."[35] The Mustang was nearly 3 inches (76&#;mm) wider than the , its front and rear track was also widened by 3 inches (76&#;mm), and its size was most evident in the SportsRoof models with its nearly flat rear roofline[36] and cramped interior with poor visibility for the driver.[37] Performance decreased with sales continuing to decrease[38] as consumers switched to the smaller Pintos and Mavericks. A displeased Iacocca summed up later: "The Mustang market never left us, we left it."[39]

Second generation (–)

Main article: Ford Mustang (second generation)

Iacocca, who had been one of the forces behind the original Mustang, became president of Ford Motor Company in , and ordered a smaller, more fuel-efficient Mustang for Initially, it was to be based on the Ford Maverick, but ultimately was based on the Ford Pinto subcompact.

The new model, called the "Mustang II", was introduced on September 21, , two months before the first oil crisis, and its reduced size allowed it to compete against successful imported sports coupés such as the Japanese Datsun Z, Toyota Celica and the European Ford Capri[40] (then Ford-built in Germany and Britain, sold in U.S. by Mercury as a captive import car). First-year sales were , cars, compared with the original Mustang's twelve-month sales record of ,[41] Ultimately, the Mustang II was an early example of downsizing that would take place among Detroit's Big Three during the "malaise era".[42]

Iacocca wanted the new car, which returned the Mustang to its model year predecessor in size, shape, and overall styling,[43] to be finished to a high standard, saying it should be "a little jewel".[44] Not only was it smaller than the original car, but it was also heavier, owing to the addition of equipment needed to meet new U.S. emission and safety regulations. Performance was reduced, and despite the car's new handling and engineering features the galloping mustang emblem "became a less muscular steed that seemed to be cantering".[45]

Engines for the models included the venerable &#;L I4 from the Pinto and the &#;L Cologne V6 from the Mercury Capri. The model year reintroduced the &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) Windsor V8 that was only available with the C-4 automatic transmission, power brakes, and power steering. This continued through production's end in Other transmissions were the RAD four-speed with unique gearing for all three engines, and the C-3 automatic behind the &#;L and &#;L. The "&#;L" marketing designation was not applied until the King Cobra model. All &#;cu&#;in (&#;L)-equipped Mustang IIs, except the King Cobras, received updated versions of the classic Ford "V8" emblem on each front fender.

The car was available in coupé and hatchback versions, including a "luxury" Ghia model designed by Ford's recently acquired Ghia of Italy. The coupe was marketed as a "hardtop" but actually had a thin "B" pillar and rear quarter windows that did not roll down. All Mustangs in this generation did feature frameless door glass, however. The "Ghia" featured a thickly padded vinyl roof and smaller rear quarter windows, giving a more formal look. models were: hardtop, hatchback, Mach 1, and Ghia. Changes introduced for included the availability of an "MPG" model which had a different rear axle ratio for better fuel economy. added the "Stallion" trim package. The Mach 1 remained through the life cycle – Other changes in appearance and performance came with a "Cobra II" version in – and a "King Cobra" in of which around 4, were built. The – hatchback models, in all trim levels, were also now available with the T-top roof option, which included a leatherette storage bag that clipped to the top of the spare tire hump.

Third generation (–)

Main article: Ford Mustang (third generation)

The Mustang was based on the larger Fox platform (initially developed for the Ford Fairmont and Mercury Zephyr). The larger body with an increased wheelbase yielded more interior space for four passengers, especially in the back seat, as well as a larger capacity trunk and a bigger engine bay.[46]

Body styles included a coupé (or notchback), hatchback, and convertible. Available trim levels included an unnamed base model (–), Ghia (–), Cobra (–, ), L (–), GL (–), GLX (–), GT (–), Turbo GT (–), LX (–), GT 20th anniversary edition (), SVO (–) and Cobra R ().[47]

Engines and drivetrains carried over from the Mustang II including the &#;L I4, &#;L V6, and &#;L V8 engines. A troublesome &#;L turbocharged I4 was available during initial production startup and then reappeared after undergoing improvements for the mid-year introduction of the turbo GT. The &#;L V6, in short supply, was replaced with a &#;L I6 engine during the model year. That engine was ultimately replaced with a new &#;L V6 for The &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) V8 was suspended after and replaced with a smaller, &#;L V8 which was dropped in favor of the high output &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) V8 for

From to , the Capri was domestically produced as a Mercury-badged version of the Mustang, using a few of its own styling cues.

The third-generation Mustang had two different front-end styles. From to , the front end was angled back using four rectangular headlights, known by enthusiasts as "four eyes". The front end was restyled for to model years to reflect the contemporary, rounded-off "aero" style of the Ford Taurus using flush-composite headlamps and a smooth grille-less nose.

The Mustang was selected as the Official Indianapolis Pace Car with replicas sold to the public. Its special body-appearance parts were adapted by the Cobra package for –

marked the return of the Mustang GT (replacing the Cobra) which used a specially-modified high-output &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) engine.

saw the return of the Mustang convertible after a nine-year absence. The front fascias of all Mustangs were restyled, featuring new grilles, sporting "blue oval" Ford emblems for the first time.

introduced the high-performance Mustang SVO, which featured a &#;L turbocharged and intercooled four-cylinder engine and unique bodywork.

The Mustang celebrated its 20th anniversary with a special GT model in white with red interior and red lower-bodyside rocker stripes. Mustangs received another front-fascia restyle.

In response to poor sales and escalating fuel prices during the early s, a new Mustang was in development. It was to be a variant of the Mazda MX-6 assembled at AutoAlliance International in Flat Rock, Michigan. Enthusiasts wrote to Ford objecting to the proposed change to a front-wheel drive, Japanese-designed Mustang without a V8 option. The result was the continuation of the existing Mustang while the Mazda MX-6 variant had a last-minute name change from Mustang to Probe and released as a model.

The Mustang received a major restyling for , including the interior, which carried it through the end of the model year.

Under the newly-established Ford SVT division, the Ford Mustang SVT Cobra and Cobra R were added as special, high-performance models which closed out the third generation of the Mustang.

Fourth generation (–)

Main article: Ford Mustang (fourth generation)

In November , the Mustang debuted its first major redesign in fifteen years. Code-named "SN" by the automaker, it was based on an updated version of the rear-wheel drive Fox platform called "Fox" The new styling by Patrick Schiavone incorporated several styling cues from earlier Mustangs.[48] For the first time since its introduction , a notchback coupe model was unavailable. Door windows on the coupe were once again frameless; however, the car had a fixed "B" pillar and rear windows.

The base model came with a OHVV6 &#;L (&#;cu&#;in) engine rated at &#;bhp (&#;kW) in and , or &#;bhp (&#;kW) (–), and was mated to a standard 5-speed manual transmission or optional 4-speed automatic. Though initially used in the and Mustang GTS, GT and Cobra, Ford retired the &#;cid pushrod small-block V8 after nearly 30 years of use, replacing it with the newer Modular &#;L (&#;cu&#;in) SOHC V8 in the Mustang GT. The &#;L V8 was initially rated at &#;bhp (&#;kW), –, but was later increased to &#;bhp (&#;kW) in [49]

For , the Mustang was reskinned with Ford's New Edge styling theme with sharper contours, larger wheel arches, and creases in its bodywork, but its basic proportions, interior design, and chassis remained the same as the previous model. The Mustang's powertrains were carried over for , but benefited from new improvements. The standard &#;L V6 had a new split-port induction system, and was rated at &#;bhp (&#;kW) –, while the Mustang GT's &#;L V8 saw an increase in output to &#;bhp (&#;kW) (–), due to a new head design and other enhancements. In , the &#;L was increased to &#;bhp.[50] In , a &#;L variant of the Essex engine replaced the standard &#;L mid year with an increase of 3&#;ft⋅lb (4&#;N⋅m) of torque as well as NVH improvements. There were also three alternate models offered in this generation: the Bullitt, the and Mach 1, as well as the &#;bhp (&#;kW) and ,[51][52] and &#;bhp (&#;kW) and [53]Cobra.

Ford Australia

This generation was sold in Australia between and , to compete against the Holden Monaro (which eventually became the basis for the reborn Pontiac GTO). Due to the fact that the Mustang was never designed for right-hand-drive, Ford Australia contracted Tickford Vehicle Engineering to convert Mustangs and modify them to meet Australian Design Rules per year.[54] The development cost for redesigning the components and setting up the production process was A$4,,[55] Sales did not meet expectations, due in part to a high selling price.[56] In total, just Mustangs were sold in Australia between –[57] For promotional purposes, Ford Racing Australia also built a Mustang V10 convertible, which was powered by a Ford Modular &#;L V10 engine from the American F truck series but fitted with an Australian-made Sprintex supercharger.[58]

Fifth generation (–)

Main article: Ford Mustang (fifth generation)

GT Premium convertible
– GT/CS convertible

Ford introduced a re-designed model year Mustang at the North American International Auto Show, codenamed "S", that was based on the new D2C platform. Developed under the direction of chief engineer Hau Thai-Tang, a veteran engineer for Ford's IndyCar program under Mario Andretti, and exterior styling designer Sid Ramnarace,[59] the fifth-generation Mustang's styling echoes the fastback Mustang models of the lates. Ford's senior vice president of design, J Mays, called it "retro-futurism". The fifth-generation Mustang was manufactured at the Flat Rock Assembly Plant in Flat Rock, Michigan.

For the to production years, the base model was powered by a &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) cast-iron block &#;L SOHC V6, while the GT used an aluminum block &#;L SOHC three-valveModular V8 with variable camshaft timing (VCT) that produced &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS). Base models had Tremec T5 five-speed manual transmissions with Ford's 5R55S five-speed automatic being optional. Automatic GTs also featured this, but manual GTs had the Tremec TR five-speeds.[60]

The model year Mustang was released in the spring of with a redesigned exterior — which included sequential LED taillights — and a reduced drag coefficient of 4% on base models and 7% on GT models.[61] The engine for base Mustangs remained unchanged, while the GT's &#;L V8 was revised resulting in &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) at 6,&#;rpm and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque at 4,&#;rpm.[62] Other mechanical features included new spring rates and dampers, traction and stability control system standard on all models, and new wheel sizes.

Engines were revised for , and transmission options included the Getrag-Ford MT82 six-speed manual or the 6R80 six-speed automatic based on the ZF 6HP26 transmission, licensed for production by Ford. Electric power steering replaced the conventional hydraulic version. A new &#;L ( cu. in.) aluminum block V6 engine weighed 40&#;lb (18&#;kg) less than the previous version. With 24 valves and twin independent variable cam timing (TiVCT), it produced &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque. The &#;L engine came with a new dual exhaust.[63] GT models included valve &#;L engine (4,cc or cu. in) (also referred to as the "Coyote") producing &#;hp and &#;ft-lbs of torque. Brembo brakes were optional along with inch wheels and performance tires.[64]

The Shelby GT's &#;L supercharged V8 block is made of aluminum making it &#;lb (46&#;kg) lighter than the iron units in previous years. It was rated at &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque.[65]

For , a new Mustang Boss version was introduced. The engine had &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque. A "Laguna Seca" edition was also available, which offered additional body bracing, the replacement of the rear seat with a steel "X-brace" for stiffening, and other powertrain and handling enhancements.

In the second quarter of , Ford launched an update to the Mustang line as an early model. The Shelby GT had a new &#;L supercharged V8 producing &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS). Shelby and Boss engines came with a six-speed manual transmission. The GT and V6 models revised styling incorporated the grille and air intakes from the – GTs. The decklid received a black cosmetic panel on all trim levels. The GT's liter V8 gained eight horsepower from &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS) to &#;hp (&#;kW; &#;PS).

Sixth generation (–present)

Main article: Ford Mustang (sixth generation)

Sixth generation Ford Mustang GT (export model)
Sixth generation Ford Mustang GT (export model)
Export model interior right-hand drive

The sixth generation Mustang was unveiled on December 5, , in Dearborn, Michigan; New York, New York; Los Angeles, California; Barcelona, Spain; Shanghai, China; and Sydney, Australia.[66] The internal project code name is S[67]

Changes include a body widened by inches and lowered inches, a trapezoidal grille, and a inch lower decklid, as well as new colors. The passenger volume is increased to cubic feet, the wheelbase is still 8&#;ft. in. ( in.), and three engine options are available: a newly developed &#;L EcoBoost &#;hp four-cylinder introduced to reach high tariff global markets like China,[68] &#;L &#;hp V6,[69] or &#;L Coyote &#;hp V8, with either a Getrag six-speed manual or six-speed automatic transmission with paddle shifters.[70][71][72]

A new independent rear suspension (IRS) system was developed specifically for the new model.[73] It also became the first version factory designed as a right hand drive export model to be sold overseas through Ford new car dealerships in right hand drive markets.[74]During this model year, left hand drive versions were expanded to new export markets.[citation needed]

In February , the Mustang earned a five-star rating from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) for front, side, and rollover crash protection.[75]

In May , Ford issued a recall involving 19, of the Ford Mustang with the &#;L EcoBoost turbocharged four-cylinder engine with a production date between February 14, , and February 10, , that were built at the Flat Rock Assembly Plant. As of June , 1 million Mustangs (between and ) and GTs (between and ) were affected by a recall of airbags made by Takata Corporation. This was after Takata announced that it was recalling million vehicles in the U.S. for airbags that could explode and send metal pieces flying at drivers and passengers.[76]

Euro NCAP crash-tested the left hand drive (LHD) European version of the Mustang which received only two stars due to the lack of auto safety features such as lane assist and auto braking. EuroNCAP also pointed to insufficient pressure of the Airbag resulting in the driver's head hitting the steering wheel. In the full-width test, the rear passenger slipped under the seatbelt.[77][78]

The model year Mustang was released in the third quarter of in North America and by globally. It featured a minor redesign to the exterior. The Mustang engine line up was revised. The L V6 was dropped and the L I4 Ecoboost (direct-injection turbocharged) engine now serves as the base power plant for the Mustang, producing &#;hp (&#;kW) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque when using octane fuel.[79] The L V8 gets a power increase to &#;hp (&#;kW) and &#;lb⋅ft (&#;N⋅m) of torque. The automatic transmission in both engines is now a ten-speed Ford 10R[80] In January , Ford displayed a prototype of the special edition Bullitt model, to be released in the summer; this vehicle commemorated the 50th anniversary of the movie Bullitt that helped attract interest in the marque.[79]

For the model year, Ford revised many components on the Shelby GT including stickier Michelin Pilot Sport Cup 2 tires along with steering and suspension components.

The model year saw the re-introduction of the GT The GT includes a hand-built liter "Predator" aluminum-alloy V8 engine with a liter roots-type supercharger. The Shelby GT produces &#;hp (&#;kW; PS) and &#;lb⋅ft ( N⋅m) of torque. The GT was discontinued at the end of the model year.

For the model year, Ford re-introduced the Mach 1 after a year hiatus. The Mach 1 utilizes the current Coyote L engine with GT parts, including the intake manifold, increasing performance to &#;hp (&#;kW) at 7, rpm and &#;lb⋅ft ( N⋅m) at 4, rpm in addition to utilizing the GT's light weight Tremec six speed manual transmission, oil-filter adapter, engine oil cooler, and front and rear subframe. The Mach 1 also utilizes parts from the GT, including the rear axle cooling system, rear toe link, and rear diffuser.

Ford Mustang Mach-E (–present)

Main article: Ford Mustang Mach-E

Ford Mustang Mach-E GT at the LA Auto Show

On November 17, , Ford announced the Ford Mustang Mach-E.[81] Unrelated to any of the pony car Mustang versions, it is an electric crossover with rear-wheel and all-wheel drive.[82] It has – miles (–&#;km) of range and an updated Ford Sync system with a inch display.[83] The Mustang Mach-E comes in several different trims including First Edition, Select, Premium, California Route 1, and GT.[84] The Mach-E Mustang also offers "regular and extended-range batteries".[85]


The Mustang made its first public appearance on a racetrack as pace car for the Indianapolis [10]

The same year, Mustangs won first and second in class at the Tour de France international rally.[86]

In , modified versions of the Mach 1, Boss and Boss took United States Auto Club-certified records at Bonneville Salt Flats. The outing included a hour run on a mile (16&#;km) course at an average speed of &#;mph (&#;km/h). Drivers were Mickey Thompson, Danny Ongais, Ray Brock, and Bob Ottum.[10]

Drag racing

The car's American competition debut, also in , was in drag racing, where private individuals and dealer-sponsored teams campaigned Mustangs powered by &#;cu&#;in (&#;L) V8s.

In late , Ford contracted Holman & Moody to prepare ten powered Mustangs to contest the National Hot Rod Association's (NHRA) A/Factory Experimental class in the drag racing season. Five of these special Mustangs made their competition debut at the NHRA Winternationals, where they qualified in the factory stock eliminator class. The car driven by Bill Lawton won the class.[87]

A decade later Bob Glidden won the Mustang's first NHRA pro stock title.

Rickie Smith's Motorcraft Mustang won the International Hot Rod Association pro stock world championship.

In John Force broke his own NHRA drag racing record by winning his 12th national championship in his Ford Mustang funny car, Force beat that record again in , becoming the first-ever time champion, driving a Mustang.[10]

Circuit racing

Early Mustangs also proved successful in road racing. The GT R, the race version of the Shelby GT , won five of the Sports Car Club of America's (SCCA) six divisions in Drivers were Jerry Titus, Bob Johnson and Mark Donohue, and Titus won the (SCCA) B-Production national championship. GT s won the B-Production title again in and They also won the manufacturers' championship in the inaugural SCCA Trans-Am series, and repeated the win the following year.[10]

In , Mustang won the SCCA series manufacturers' championship again, with Parnelli Jones and George Follmer driving for car owner/builder Bud Moore and crew chief Lanky Foushee. Jones won the "unofficial" drivers' title.

In Ron Smaldone's Mustang became the first-ever American car to win the Showroom Stock national championship in SCCA road racing.

Mustangs competed in the IMSA GTO class, with wins in and In John Jones won the GTO drivers' championship; Wally Dallenbach Jr., John Jones and Doc Bundy won the GTO class at the Daytona 24 Hours; and Ford won its first manufacturers' championship in road racing since Three class wins went to Lynn St. James, the first woman to win in the series.

brought eight more GTO wins and another manufacturers' title. Scott Pruett won the drivers' championship. The GT Endurance Championship also went to Ford.

In Saleen Autosport Mustangs driven by Steve Saleen and Rick Titus won the SCCA Escort Endurance SSGT championship, and in International Motor Sports Association (IMSA) racing a Mustang again won the GTO class in the Daytona 24 Hours. In , the Mustang won Ford its first Trans-Am manufacturers' title since , with Dorsey Schroeder winning the drivers' championship.[88]

In , Tommy Kendall's Roush-prepared Mustang won a record 11 consecutive races in Trans-Am to secure his third straight driver's championship.

Mustangs compete in the SCCA World Challenge, with Brandon Davis winning the GT driver's championship. Mustangs competed in the now-defunct Grand-Am Road Racing Ford Racing Mustang Challenge for the Miller Cup series.

Ford won championships in the Grand-Am Road RacingContinental Tire Sports Car Challenge for the , , and seasons with the Mustang FRC and GT models. In , Ford Racing retained Multimatic Motorsports to design, engineer, build and race the Mustang FRC turn-key race car. In , Scott Maxwell and David Empringham took the driver's title. In , the next-generation Mustang race car was known as the Boss R. It took its maiden victory at Barber Motorsports Park in early , with drivers Scott Maxwell and Joe Foster.

In , Jack Roush Jr and Billy Johnson won the Continental Tire Sports Car Challenge race at the Daytona International Speedway opening race of the 50th Anniversary Rolex 24 At Daytona weekend in a Mustang Boss R.[89]

In , Multimatic Motorsports won the IMSA CTSCC drivers' and manufacturers' titles with the Sbased Shelby GTR-C, driven by Scott Maxwell and Billy Johnson.[90]

Stock car racing

Ford replaced the Fusion with a Mustang starting in in the Cup Series

Dick Trickle won 67 short-track oval feature races in , a US national record for wins in a single season.

In the Ford Mustang became Ford's Car of Tomorrow for the NASCAR Nationwide Series with full-time racing of the Mustang beginning in This opened a new chapter in both the Mustang's history and Ford's history. NASCAR insiders expected to see Mustang racing in NASCAR Sprint Cup by (the model's 50th anniversary). The NASCAR vehicles are not based on production models but are a silhouette racing car with decals that give them a superficial resemblance to road cars. Carl Edwards won the first-ever race with a NASCAR-prepped Mustang on April 8, , at the Texas Motor Speedway.

Ford Mustangs have also raced in the NASCAR Xfinity Series since

Ford Mustangs are driven in the NASCAR Whelen Euro Series also.

Ford Mustangs have been track-raced in the NASCAR Cup Series since , replacing the discontinued Ford Fusion.


Mustangs have competed at the Formula Drift and D1 Grand Prix series, most notably by American driver Vaughn Gittin Jr.

Brazilian Driver Diego Higa won the Netflix Hyperdrive Series in in a Ford Mustang V8.


Ford Mustangs compete in the FIA GT3 European Championship, and compete in the GT4 European Cup and other sports car races such as the 24 Hours of Spa. The Marc VDS Racing Team was developing the GT3 spec Mustang since [91]


The Ford Mustang was announced as the replacement for the Ford Falcon FG X in the Supercars Championship, which is being contested in Australia and New Zealand. The Mustang placed first in the first race of the year with Scott McLaughlin winning for DJR Team Penske.[92]


Canadian Car of the Year

The Mustang won the Tiffany Gold Medal for excellence in American design, the first automobile ever to do so.

The Mustang was on the Car and Driver Ten Best list in , , , , , , and It won the Motor Trend Car of the Year award in and


Model year US sales
Model year US sales
Model year US sales
Calendar year US sales
Calendar year US sales

Mustang Owner's Museum

In May , the Mustang Owner's Museum was announced, with an official opening in Concord, North Carolina on April 17, ; the fifty-fifth anniversary.[] The decision to locate somewhere in Concord was a result of the success of the Mustang 50th-anniversary celebration at Charlotte Motor Speedway in Concord, with over 4, Mustangs registered and an estimated economic impact of US$8,,[]

In popular culture

The Ford Mustang has been featured in numerous media. Effective product placement allowed the car to reach "celebrity status in the s."[] In particular, "movie glamour" assisted in establishing a positive association with the Mustang.[] The following are a few notable cases where embedded marketing influenced the sales or other tangible aspect of the vehicle:

  • The movie The Troops of St. Tropez, was the Ford Mustang's first appearance in a movie. "Contrary to popular belief, the Ford Mustang did not make its cinematic debut in the classic James Bond film Goldfinger. On September 9, , Nicole Cruchot cruised around in a Poppy Red Mustang convertible in the French comedy Le Gendarme de Saint-Tropez. Known to American audiences as The Troops of St. Tropez, Cruchot’s character, Geneviève Grad, holds the distinct honor of being the first person to drive a Ford Mustang on the silver screen."[]
  • The movie Goldfinger, was the Ford Mustang's second appearance in a feature film and timed with the car's introduction in the US marketplace.[]
  • The song "Mustang Sally", recorded by Wilson Pickett in , is about a man who buys a Mustang for his ungrateful girlfriend. It has been described by one cultural historian as "free advertising for the Ford Motor Company."[]
  • The TV series The F.B.I. was sponsored by Ford Motor Company and Efrem Zimbalist Jr. drove new Mustang convertibles during the first four seasons (–) and viewers can see how the Mustang evolved into a muscle car.[]
  • Using real cars, Steve McQueen drove a debadged, Highland Green, Mustang GT fastback with a cubic inch engine and 4 speed transmission in a chase scene with a black Dodge Charger in the film Bullitt.[][]
  • Two Mustangs were driven in competition and for personal leisure in the French film A Man and a Woman.
  • A Mustang Mach 1 was featured in the James Bond film, Diamonds Are Forever ().[]
  • A Mustang (modified to look like a model), nicknamed "Eleanor", was the feature car in the car heist film Gone in 60 Seconds. "Eleanor" returned, as a Mustang GT , in the movie's remake in
  • The racing video game Ford Mustang: The Legend Lives, released in , features only Mustangs.[]
  • The – TV show Team Knight Rider featured a red Ford Mustang convertible named "Domino" and the TV movie Knight Rider featured a black Ford Mustang Shelby GTKR as KITT.
  • The David Gelb directed documentary A Faster Horse covers the creation of the Mustang.[]
  • The film Need for Speed features, along with a Shelby Mustang integral to the plot, a Mustang which briefly appears at the end. Like with Goldfinger, the scene was shot before the car was revealed to the public. A prototype was used and kept secret.[]

See also



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Sours: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ford_Mustang

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