Magic lantern guide

Magic lantern guide DEFAULT

Features

  • Audio: disable AGC, audio meters, manual audio controls, selectable input source (internal, internal+external, external stereo, balanced), audio monitoring via A/V cable.

  • Exposure helpers: ETTR, zebras, false color, histogram, waveform, spotmeter, vectorscope.

  • Focus tools: focus peaking, zoom while recording, trap focus, rack_focus, follow_focus, stack_focus.

  • Movie helpers: Bitrate control, movie logging (Exif-like metadata), auto-restart after buffer overflow or 4 GB limit, HDR video, advanced FPS control.

  • LiveView adjustments: contrast, saturation, display gain for using LiveView in darkness.

  • Cropmark images: user-editable overlays to assist framing and composition.

  • Fine control for ISO, Shutter, Kelvin white balance and other image settings.

  • Bracketing: advanced exposure bracketing, focus stacking.

  • Remote release with LCD face sensor and audio trigger, without extra hardware.

  • Timelapse: intervalometer (for photos and movies), bulb ramping (manual and automatic), recording at very low FPS (down to 0.2 FPS), silent pictures without shutter actuation.

  • Astro- and night photography: bulb timer for very long exposures (up to 8h).

  • Info displays: focus and DOF info, CMOS temperature, shutter count, clock.

  • For strobists: flash exposure compensation, range up to -10 to +3 EV (depends on the camera).

  • Power saving: Turn off display or reduce backlight in LiveView during idle times.

  • Handy features: Quick zoom in PLAY mode, key shortcuts for commonly-used features, customizable menus.

  • And much more!

  • If you have a bootable SD card and have the flag set in the camera (which the installer does), and you do not have an file on the card the camera WILL NOT BOOT! It will hang and not wake up until the battery is removed.

  • If you encounter a camera, quickly remove the battery.

  • When in doubt, remove the battery and reboot.

  • And, remember that this software can damage or destroy your camera.

  • First second of recorded audio may be very loud.

  • Sometimes, rack and stack focus simply refuse to work, and you need to restart your camera.

  • SD monitors are not completely supported (magic zoom and RGB tools will not work).

  • Magic Lantern has no audio controls for Canon 600D/T3i and newer cameras. You can disable AGC from Canon menus though.

Movie mode

Most cameras have a dedicated movie mode on the mode dial. In this case, it's obvious what movie mode is.

However, the following cameras do not have a dedicated movie mode. For these cameras, Magic Lantern considers the following configurations as :

  • For Canon 5D Mark II: in LiveView, with movie recording enabled AND LiveView display set to Movie. Tip: you can change LiveView display type from Expo menu.

  • For Canon 50D: in LiveView, with movie recording enabled from ML menu.

When movie mode is active, Magic Lantern will show a symbol on the bottom info bar.

The ''Q'' button

Most cameras have a button labeled as . A few cameras don't, so you will have to use some other button:

  • 5D Mark II: use the button.

  • 50D: use the button.

  • 500D: use the LiveView button.

Magic Lantern uses the available screen space to display operational information in a clear and practical manner. The image shows a screenshot with commonly used ML features enabled.

LiveView screen info

Some items that may need more details:

  • Audio meters: this shows the audio record levels, in dB. The bars become yellow at -12 dB and red at -3 dB.

  • FPS: the current FPS value is displayed with 3 decimal places (25.000, 24.000, 23.976 etc).

  • Shutter speed: in movie mode, values that maintain a certain amount of filmic motion blur (180 degree shutter) are displayed in green. In photo mode, values that may cause blurry pictures are displayed in red.

  • ISO: values with low noise (negative digital gain) are displayed in green.

  • Clipping dots on histogram: they appear when the image contains overexposed areas.

  • Green/magenta white balance shift: not all cameras let you adjust these in movie mode; fine-tune them from White Balance submenu in ML menu.

PLAY mode shortcuts

  • (550D), (60D), (600D), (500D), (50D) or (5D Mark II): show exposure tools (zebra, false color, histogram, waveform, spotmeter) and cropmarks (as configured from Overlay menu).

  • + in mode: customizable function (preview HDR images, silent pictures, multiple exposures, timelapse playback, image comparison). See SET+MainDial.

  • : create a transparent overlay from current image (when Ghost Image is active). You can use it for panoramas or for repeating shots.

  • on 60D/600D: you can configure it to protect images with a single button press.

  • : you can configure it to erase images without the confirmation dialog.

  • : quick image magnification: a single click can zoom all the way in, on center point, on AF point etc (configurable).

Arrow key shortcuts

Arrow keys can be used to quickly adjust the following settings:

  • Audio gains and input source;

  • ISO (in intermediate steps) and Kelvin WB (push-button WB also available);

  • Shutter and aperture, in finer steps;

  • LCD backlight, saturation and display gain.

You can select what functions you need from Arrow/SET shortcuts submenu, under Prefs.

To enable the shortcut menu, press the following key:

  • 550D: the button (optional: cover the LCD sensor);

  • 60D: the button (near ISO);

  • 600D: the button;

  • 500D: cover the LCD sensor;

  • 50D: the button;

  • 5D Mark II: the button.

Besides the shortcuts, arrow keys can also be used for focusing (see Follow Focus).

See also our Shortcuts article.

Misc shortcuts

  • pressed at startup: loads vanilla firmware (does not load Magic Lantern).

  • in LiveView: change current display preset, if this feature is enabled.

  • while recording: it does just that :) (Magic Zoom)

  • in LiveView: center AF area (the little rectangle).

  • Activating AF mode dialog when Manual Focus is active will toggle Trap Focus.

  • Press button to bring up the Magic Lantern menu.

  • Use arrow keys, joystick or scrollwheels to navigate.

  • Use and to toggle values.

  • Use to open a submenu with more settings.

  • Press or button to get help.

  • In LiveView, press to preview the image behind ML menu.

  • Press to hide items that you don't use (to reduce clutter).

For cameras without :

  • 5D Mark II: press the button.

  • 50D: press the button.

  • 500D: press the LiveView button.

One-handed menu navigation for 5D Mark II and 50D (optional):

  • Open ML menu and submenus with a long-press on joystick center key;

  • Navigate ML menu with scrollwheels;

  • Close submenus with a short press of joystick center key (use Left and Right to adjust values);

  • Close ML menu with a short half-shutter press.

Audio

Audio menu

Manual audio controls.

This menu is not available on Canon 600D / T3i.

The 600D/T3i already has manual audio control, but right now it's not possible to change audio settings from Magic Lantern. You can only use audio meters during recording.

Audio tests by Ryan Sauvé Audio_Conclusions

Analog Gain (dB)

Gain applied to both inputs in the analog domain. If you use an external preamp, set this parameter as low as possible; otherwise, set it as high as possible without clipping (audio meters should be green).

L-DigitalGain and R-DigitalGain (dB)

Digital gain applied to left and right channel. Recommended setting: 0.

Input source

Audio input source for recording:

  • internal mic

  • L:int R:ext

  • external stereo

  • L:int R:balanced (internal mic on Left, external mic on Right from both external pins as balanced audio)

  • Auto int/ext: camera detects if a mic is plugged in. Int is dual mono, ext is stereo.

XLR microphone to Balanced input pinouts

(source)

Wind Filter

Mic Power

This is required for internal mic and certain types of external mics, but it reduces input impedance. See AK4646 datasheet p.31 and the Mic power control thread.

  • : input impedance is 2 kOhm;

  • : input impedance is 30 kOhm.

This setting is always when input source is either or .

AGC

Enable/disable Automatic Gain Control. AGC is applied only in digital domain (i.e. it overrides digital gains, but you can still adjust analog gain).

Recommended setting: OFF.

Headphone Monitoring

Audio monitoring tutorial

Audio monitoring with headphones, using the A/V cable.

Disable this setting if you are using a SD monitor!

This feature is not available on 600D/T3i.

To use audio monitoring, you need a special cable:

Warning: mobile phone cables will not work; even if the connector looks similar, it's not identical. You must use the original cable which came with your camera.

For details, see Audio monitoring HOWTO on Vimeo group.

Output volume (dB)

Digital output gain for audio monitoring. It does not have any effect on the internal camera speaker.

For best results, you should a pair of low impedance headphones, for example Audio Technica ATH-M50 (38 ohms). With high-impedance headphones, you may have to use a headphone amplifier like FiiO E5.

Audio Meters

Display the input audio level, from -40dB to 0dB; meters become yellow at -12 dB and red at -3 dB.

Audio meters are only displayed in movie mode.

Expo

02.expo.png

Adjusting the exposure parameters. Most of these settings only work in Manual (photo and video), and some of them work in P, Av and Tv too.

WhiteBalance

Advanced white balance control. The preferred method is Kelvin white balance (range: 1500…15000K).

Submenu options:

  • Kelvin white balance;

  • WBShift G/M: Green-Magenta white balance shift. Useful for fluorescent lighting;

  • WBShift B/A: Blue-Amber white balance shift. 1 unit = 5 mireks on Kelvin axis, according to this post;

  • Custom RGB multipliers: fine-tune custom white balance;

  • Black level: this parameter is applied on RAW data, before applying white balance. Adjust it if you have problems with green or magenta shadows;

  • Auto adjust Kelvin + G/M: in LiveView, ML will compute the white balance for the current scene, using the center (200×200 pixels rectangle) as reference gray.

ISO

Advanced ISO control.

Color coding:

  • orange = Canon ISO with good noise or dynamic range characteristics (100, 160, 200, 320 … 3200).

  • green = ISO with negative digital gain applied via DIGIC (80, 90, 160, 320 - obtained by setting ML digital ISO to a negative value). These can have lower noise or better highlight rolloff than their Canon counterparts.

  • red = ISO with positive digital gain (avoid these values).

Submenu options:

  • Equivalent ISO;

  • Analog ISO;

  • Canon digital ISO;

  • ML digital ISO (DIGIC) - in movie mode: negative values will reduce noise, but may cause color issues in highlights. This feature enables ISO 50, ISO 51200 and many other intermediate or astronomical ISOs.

  • Display Gain (night vision) - in photo mode, for previewing night scenes;

  • Highlight Tone Priority (which increases dynamic range by 1 stop in movie mode);

  • ISO selection (Canon ISOs or ML ISOs) - only used in movie mode;

Shutter

Fine-tune shutter speed.

  • In photo mode, Magic Lantern displays shutter values rounded to 2 significant digits (e.g. 1/50 may be displayed by ML as 1/48). This is not a bug.

  • In movie mode, shutter values are displayed with 3 decimal places (for example, in PAL mode, Canon uses 1/33.333 to avoid flicker).

  • To use shutter speeds normally not available in Canon firmware (like 1/25 or 1/8000 in movie mode), enable exposure override.

Aperture

Adjust aperture. When exposure override is enabled, you can adjust it in 1/8-stop increments.

PictureStyle

Change picture style or adjust its parameters.

REC PicStyle

You can use a different picture style when recording (toggled automagically). May be useful with flat picture styles.

Expo. Override

This mode bypasses Canon exposure limitations (for ISO, Tv, Av). It enables:

  • Manual video exposure controls in cameras without it (500D, 50D, 1100D).

  • 1/25s in movie mode (24p/25p) → 1/3 stops better in low light.

  • 1/8000s in movie mode, useful for slow motion.

  • ISO 12800 is allowed in movie mode on 60D and 600D.

  • Full-time DOF preview in photo mode, without blocking certain keys.

Settings:

  • OFF: Canon default exposure mode.

  • ON: ML overrides exposure values (change them from Expo menu).

Side effect: in photo mode, anything slower than 1/25 seconds will be underexposed in LiveView.

LV Display

Selects or displays LiveView display type:

  • Photo display, with exposure simulation

  • Photo display, without exposure simulation (for framing and for flash photography)

  • Movie display.

Overlay

03.overlay.png

Graphics overlays that can be used in LiveView or in image review mode: histogram, zebras, cropmarks, spotmeter, focus peaking, false color…

Global Draw

Choose when to enable Magic Lantern overlay graphics: (zebra, cropmarks, histograms, audio meters, ML shooting info…):

  • in LiveView only

  • in QuickReview (photo mode outside LiveView) only

  • Both modes

  • Disabled

If you used display presets, press Q on this item to switch the presets while you are in ML menu.

Exposure to the right (ETTR)

Automatic Exposure to the Right (ETTR or AETTR) is a technique of setting the exposure of a scene such that few or no pixels are are over exposed (blown out), thus maximizing the information captured without loosing information to over-exposure, and conversely, will also ensure where possible (without over-exposing) the image will be exposed to the right, or brightened to maximize image quality. This may produce a darker or brighter image, but this can be corrected later in post processing. The exposure curve is thus as far to the right as possible without it being clipped.

For more information on ETTR, see the page Auto Exposure to the Right.

Zebras

Zebras.jpg

Enable/disable zebra stripes, which indicate overexposed or underexposed areas.

Color spaces:

  • : zebras are computed from Y channel only.

  • : check overexposure for each RGB channel. Clipped channels are displayed in the opposite color (i.e. clipped red shown as cyan, underexposed as white and so on).

You may adjust thresholds for underexposure and overexposure, or you can disable zebras while recording.

Note: when using the Technicolor CineStyle picture style, luma will have values between 16 and 255; therefore, you will have to set the underexposure threshold to 16 or greater.

Focus Peak

Focus Peaking demo

Focus assist function. High-contrast lines will be marked by blinking dots showing which part of the image is in focus.

Methods:

  • : computes first image derivative on X and Y and takes the max value. May work better in low light or on noisy sensors.

  • : approximates second image derivative with a 3×3 Laplacian kernel. May be more accurate in good light.

Other parameters:

  • : how many pixels are considered in focus (percentage).

  • : either fixed color, or a color coding according to focus intensity.

  • : if enabled, LiveView will displayed as grayscale (but still recorded as color).

To see how it works, check this article from Luminous Landscape.

Magic Zoom

Magic Zoom demo

Displays a zoom box for focus assist. Can be used while recording.

Trigger modes (not all modes are available on all cameras):

  • : triggered when you press the shutter button halfway.

  • : triggered by turning the focus ring.

  • : triggered by pressing button while recording. If your camera has a LCD sensor, you may also cover it and press .

  • : triggered by turning the focus ring, or by pressing shutter halfway.

  • : triggered by turning the focus ring, or by pressing while recording.

  • : triggered by button (overrides Canon's default zoom modes). To bypass magic zoom, press both zoom buttons at the same time or cover the LCD sensor.

  • : no trigger key needed. You can use both Canon's 5x/10x zoom and Magic Zoom.

When ML believes you have achieved perfect focus, Magic Zoom will display a focus confirmation (customizable):

  • : when the image is out of focus, the zoom box looks like a split focusing screen from old film cameras.

  • : will reverse the split direction whenever you achieve perfect focus.

Other parameters: size, position, magnification.

Notes:

Original implementation: Magic Circles by AJ.

Cropmarks

Cropmarks or custom grids for framing and composition.

Notes:

  • If you use custom cropmarks, place them in folder on your SD card and give them short 8.3 names. You can place at most 9 cropmarks on the card.

  • Get more cropmarks from the ML cropmark repository or draw your own (see Cropmarks).

Cropmarks Tutorial

Ghost image

Shows a transparent overlay which can be created from any image in Play mode.

Usage:

  • To select the image, go to Play mode and press the button.

  • Move the ghost image in LiveView with arrow keys; center or hide it with or joystick press.

Defishing

Preview the rectified (defished) image from Samyang 8mm fisheye lens, using rectilinear projection.

This feature works best in photo mode (outside LiveView).

Defishing uses a pre-computed look-up table (LUT). It is possible to create LUT files for any other lens or projection by defishing with your favorite defishing software, and then running to get the LUT file. All the required files are found in the ML source tree. Project files () for nona (hugin) are provided for both rectilinear and Panini projections.

Spotmeter

Measure brightness from a small spot in the frame.

Possible measurement units:

  • Percent (0..100%)

  • Raw 8-bit levels (0..255)

  • IRE -1..101 (formula used by AJ, which maps 0-255 luma levels to approx. -1..101 IRE)

  • IRE 0..108 (formula proposed by Piers, which maps 16-235 luma levels to 7.5-100 IRE)

  • RGB (displays HTML-like color codes)

False color

This is a tool for evaluating the exposure. It shows different luma (Y) levels using a color map. You may select one of the following color maps:

Tips:

  • you may configure a display preset with False Color and toggle it with a single button press.

  • you may also use false colors to highlight 50% and 70% brightness levels, or to reveal color banding, or to check for uniform green screen lighting.

Histogram and Waveform

Vectorscope

Movie

04.movie.png

Functions specific to movie mode.

Bit Rate

Controls H.264 bitrate used for video recording.

Possible modes:

  • : constant bitrate. You specify a factor for multiplying default video bitrate, between 0.1x and 3x. CBR 1x is the firmware default setting.

  • : constant quality, variable bitrate (VBR). Available values: -16 … +16. Lower numbers mean higher bitrates.

  • : completely disable bitrate control.

Notes:

  • Increasing the bitrate may cause recording to stop. You need a fast card.

  • CBR actually works by adjusting QScale on the fly; the instant value is displayed near the recording dot.

  • In QScale mode, bitrate is completely out of control (don't use it!).

  • In CBR mode, QScale will not go outside [-16…+16]. When QScale reaches the extreme values (-16 or +16), bitrate will be different than your CBR setting. Watch the bitrate indicators. This is not a bug, please do not report it.

  • You can push the bitrate higher if you record without sound, then use Audio RemoteShot to sync the video with an external audio track.

  • You can't change this setting during recording.

  • If buffer usage gets too high, ML will pause all CPU-intensive graphics. Change the setting to customize this.

Time Indicator

When recording a movie, ML will display a small time counter in the upper right corner, which can be:

  • : duration of the current clip

  • : estimated amount of recording time remaining on the card.

  • : estimated amount of recording time until reaching 4GB (or until filling the card, whichever comes first).

Unlike Canon's timer which assumes constant bitrate, ML timer assumes variable bitrate and works even if QScale is enabled. However, due to variations in bitrate, the estimated value will fluctuate a lot, and this is normal.

Movie Logging

If this setting is , Magic Lantern will write out a metadata file for the each movie to (numbered after the movie). The log file contains lens and exposure info, as well as a timestamp every time any of the parameters is changed during recording.

Log files are placed in the same folder as the movies: , etc.

Tip: you can rename files to and import them in MS Excel.

Movie Restart

While this setting is on, movie recording will restart automatically, unless you stop it. There will be a few seconds skipped during restarting.

REC/STBY notify

Custom notifications for recording or standby:

  • Red Crossout (highly recommended if you forget to press record)

  • Message (it shows or )

  • Beeps (it will beep when recording starts or stops)

  • Blue LED (obvious if your camera has it)

Movie REC key

This option enables you to start/stop movie recording by half-pressing the shutter button.

Tip: with this, you can use a wired remote to start/stop recording.

Force LiveView

Force LiveView in Movie mode (bypass the dialog saying Press LV button to activate movie shooting).

  • Always: force LiveView even if you use an unchipped lens, or no lens at all. Be careful, you may get dust on the sensor while changing lenses.

  • Start & CPU lenses: it will force LiveView at startup, regardless of the lens used. After this, it will only bypass the dialog when a chipped lens is attached (i.e. it will enter LiveView as soon as you attach a chipped lens).

Shutter Lock

This option locks the shutter value in movie mode (you will be able to change it only from ML menu).

FPS override

This setting alters FPS for all video modes. Only undercranking works well.

FPS is changed by altering two timer values (let's call them Timer A and Timer B). Increasing any of these values results in lower FPS. Aside from FPS, changing these timers may alter shutter speed and rolling shutter.

Options:

  • Desired FPS: choose a value from 0.2 fps to 65 fps. If the desired value is not possible, ML will choose the closest safe option (look at 'Actual FPS' below).

  • Optimize for:

    • Low light: use this option for recording timelapse with shutter speed set to 1/fps (360 degrees); at high FPS values, you may be able to use other shutter speed values.

    • Exact FPS: try to achieve an exact FPS value, such as 24.000 or 30.000 or 12.500. If more exact solutions are found, ML will choose the one with lowest jello effect.

    • High FPS: changes FPS without altering shutter speed and allows a slight overcranking (60D, 600D).

    • LowJello, 180d: try to minimize the jello effect (caused by rolling shutter), while allowing you to expose at 180 degrees (0.5/fps) if possible.

    • High Jello: maximize the jello effect and enable fast shutter speeds. You can use this mode for recording slit-scan frames (distorted images like these, which use the extreme jello effect in creative ways).

  • Shutter range: displays the available shutter speed range with current settings. When you use FPS override, Canon menu will still display 1/30 … 1/4000, but the actual shutter speed will be different; read it from ML displays. You can alter shutter speed range by changing the ratio between the two timer values (decreasing timer B will result in faster shutter speeds available).

  • Timer A: displays the value of timer A and lets you fine-tune it. ML will re-adjust timer B to match your FPS choice.

  • Timer B: displays the value of timer B and lets you fine-tune it. ML will not re-adjust timer A, so this option will let you fine-tune the exact FPS value.

  • TG Frequency: displays the crystal oscillator frequency of the FPS circuit driver (read-only, depends on your camera).

  • Actual FPS: this displays the current FPS, computed as TG_FREQ / timerA / timerB (read-only).

  • Sound Record: by default, ML will disable sound recording when FPS override is enabled; otherwise, audio will go out of sync and recording will stop. Only enable sound if you know what you are doing.

Notes and tips:

  • This function will not change the frame rate from the video header; the video will playback at the setting from Canon menu.

  • Recommended usage: set FPS to a very low value (for example, 3fps) to record a timelapse.

  • Tip: this feature also works in photo mode, making LiveView usable in dark environments. Combine it with display gain.

  • To get 180-degree shutter speed at very low FPS, simply discard half of the frames in post.

  • If 0.2 FPS is not enough, use Frame Merger (a VirtualDub plugin).

  • Exact frame rate may be to be an exact multiple of PAL/NTSC frame rates.

    • PAL modes: 25p/50p. Rounded frame rates: 33.333fps, 12.5fps, 11.111fps and so on.

    • NTSC modes: 30p/60p/24p. Rounded frame rates: 29.97fps, 23.976fps, 11.988fps and so on.

  • For fine-tuning and calibrating custom frame rates, use EOSTimerGen.

HDR video

Magic Lantern HDR Video

This feature allows you to shoot a high dynamic range video by alternating ISO every other frame. Select the two ISO values from the submenu.

Possible postprocessing workflows:

Discussion thread, postprocessing workflow, FAQ...

Image Effects

Custom image effects found by investigating DIGIC registers:

  • Desaturate (lets you record grayscale with any picture style);

  • Negative image;

  • Swap U-V (red becomes blue);

  • Cartoon look (for this to work, set sharpness in your picture style to any nonzero value).

Movie Record (50D)

Enable movie recording on 50D (1920×1080, 30fps, without sound). To start recording, go to LiveView (P/Tv/Av/M) and press SET.

WARNING: Canon 50D was NOT designed to record movies. Keep in mind:

  • This feature was not thoroughly tested by Canon and may be unstable (even if you record without ML).

  • Always disable movie recording when you don't use it.

  • Battery will drain quickly when recording; also, the camera may overheat.

Limitations:

  • The camera will not record sound. You can use an external recorder (for example, Zoom H1, H2 or H4n) and sync the sound in post with a clapperboard.

  • You can't play back movies in the camera.

This setting remains active even if you start the camera with standard firmware (until you clear your settings).

Shutter Button (50D)

  • : obvious :)

  • : blocks the shutter and related (AF, ) buttons while recording. In 50D, taking pictures while recording would result in ERR99; with this option, you can avoid taking pictures while recording by mistake. Side effect: this will disable image stabilization during recording.

  • : ML will keep the shutter button pressed half-way during recording, which will enable image stabilization (IS). Side effect: you need to press the shutter button half way to turn IS off before the camera will let you stop recording.

Exposure Lock (50D)

Locks the exposure in movie mode. You can also use the button (you don't have to hold it pressed).

Shoot

05.shoot.png

Functions for stills shooting (some of them work for movies, too).

HDR Bracketing

Exposure bracketing for HDR images and timelapses.

  • In mode, this function does shutter and/or ISO bracketing. In the other modes it does exposure compensation bracketing.

  • To start bracketing, take only the first picture and ML will continue the sequence.

  • To preview HDR images in camera, set SET+MainDial: ExposureFusion from Prefs menu, Image review settings, then go to playback mode, hold and turn the main dial (wheel).

  • For each HDR picture set, Magic Lantern may also write a bash script for stacking the exposures with enfuse (version 4.x), with optional alignment (align_image_stack). More info: Exposure Fusion: What is it? How does it Compare to HDR? How Do I Do It?.

Intervalometer

18853423stars-intervalometer.jpg19854305

Take pictures or movies at fixed intervals.

You can stop the intervalometer by rotating the mode dial, by pressing or , or by turning off the camera.

Settings (in submenu):

  • Duration between two shots.

  • Start delay (up to 8 hours).

  • Stop after X pictures.

  • In movie mode only: duration of a movie clip.

Tips:

  • To avoid flicker, shoot in manual mode, use manual white balance, avoid short exposure times and use a manual lens (if you use an EF lens, lock the aperture and unscrew it).

  • To make a timelapse without increasing shutter count, do not use the intervalometer; instead, set FPS override to a very low value (for example, 3fps) and start recording.

  • When using the intervalometer in LiveView with mode, your shutter will wear twice as fast than outside LiveView.

  • If the intervalometer can't be stopped (it may happen in mode), turn the camera off or open the card door.

  • Adjust your auto-off setting to longer than your timelapse interval the camera will turn off before the second shot.

Power Saving:

  • When not in LiveView, press or to turn the display off.

  • In LiveView, ML will turn the display and the sensor off during idle times if you enable this option from menu.

  • While the intervalometer is running, the card led will blink once per second to let you know it's alive and kicking.

Bulb/Focus Ramping

29923391

Bulb Ramping allows the capture of a timelapse that gradually changes exposure, compensating for the transition from day to night.

Options:

  • Auto exposure ramping: this option will adjust shutter and ISO automatically, by looking at image brightness of previous shots.

  • Manual exposure ramping: this option will adjust shutter and ISO to follow a fixed exposure ramp (a fixed amount of EV change per shot). Can be used as standalone or combined with auto ramping.

  • Manual focus ramping: this lets you adjust focus gradually while shooting the timelapse. It requires a lens with autofocus and it can only work in LiveView.

Settings for auto ramping:

  • Mode: sunset / sunrise / auto. In sunset mode, the exposure will always increase. In sunrise mode, the exposure will always decrease. This idea was suggested by Tom Lowe on RedUser.net forum.

  • Maximum ramping speed: this parameter is used for computing the optimal smoothness factor. A lower value will reduce flicker, but if the value is twice as low as the real rate of brightness change, ML will lose the ability to ramp correctly. For example, if you set a maximum ramping speed of 0.1 EV / shot, and the scene requires a ramping of 0.2 EV / shot, ML will start flickering heavily.

Quick start guide for auto ramping:

1. Take a picture of your scene. You will use it to say: .

2. Enable Bulb Ramping and Intervalometer.

3. Leave the camera still while ML runs a calibration step:

  • Make sure you have a static and well-lit scene (any static scene which does not require long exposure should be fine).

  • After calibration, you should get a nice S-curve on the screen.

4. Now you will have to say what tone range to meter for (i.e. highlights, midtones…). Follow the wizard:

  • Use arrow keys to select your reference picture (which you just took).

  • Use the main dial to select the tone range to meter for. You can't perfectly match two images just by varying one parameter (exposure), so you have to choose what's important for you in this picture.

  • For lowest flicker, meter for midtones (choose the 50th percentile, i.e. median, because it's a robust estimation, unlike simple averaging). Leave some headroom for highlights (underexpose a bit).

  • If highlights are important, meter for them (choose 80th percentile for example). You will have to shoot RAW and remove flicker when you develop the RAW files.

  • The algorithm works best when brightness is close to 50% (try not to choose extreme values for it).

  • When you are ready to start, press .

5. Sit back and relax :)

Limits:

  • ISO is chosen between 100 and maximum auto ISO value from Canon menu.

  • Shutter speed is chosen between 1/8000 (lower limit) and the delay between two shots minus two seconds (upper limit). Example: for 10-second intervals, shutter speed will be between 1/8000 and 8 seconds.

  • Aperture is fixed (you can change it manually).

Tips:

  • Don't adjust ISO and shutter before the timelapse, they are fully automatic.

  • Use a ND filter to reduce flicker during daylight.

  • Reduce flicker in post. We recommend VirtualDub with MSU Deflicker plugin (free, works with Windows and Wine). See also Timelapse workflow using free software tutorial.

Technical notes:

  • Exposure is metered using a condition like this (for example): 70% of pixels should be below 50% brightness.

  • Exposure for every shot is computed from previous shots, using a feedback controller algorithm with a smoothing factor.

  • ISO is chosen using the 180 degree rule, so the resulting shutter speed stays between 90 and 270 degrees (that is, between 1/4 and 3/4 of the delay between two shots).

  • Only full-stop ISOs (100, 200, 400 etc) are used (because you are supposed to shoot RAW).

  • Shutter speed can be adjusted with a resolution of 10ms.

  • Frames with fast shutter speeds (less than 1 second in Rebel cameras, less 0.1 seconds in 60D) are taken in Manual mode. You will get flicker.

  • It can go from 1/8000s @ ISO 100 (daylight) to several minutes of exposure time @ ISO 6400 (complete darkness).

  • Exposure algorithm is a feedback controller designed with pole placement - the closed loop response will have two real poles placed at the smoothing factor value. Smoothing factor is computed in such a way that, when scene ramping speed matches the speed selected in menu, ramp is followed at exactly 1 EV behind it.

  • If the lighting changes suddenly a few stops between two shots (for example, you change the ND filters or the aperture), the algorithm should recover completely after 2 or 3 shots. A sudden exposure change is considered when the exposure difference is greater than 2 stops.

Logging:

  • When you use bulb ramping, Magic Lantern will save a log file with the exposure parameters, metered values and so on. Please send this file to developers.

  • These log files can be used to see how well the ramping went and to fine-tune the algorithm.

Bulb Timer

bulbtimer-intervalometer-60x60s-m31-brent.jpglongexp.jpg

Very long exposures with Bulb mode and ML timer. This feature is useful for night shots and astrophotography.

Bulb timer is started by holding the shutter button pressed halfway for one second (full-shutter press will not work).

Tips:

  • You may cancel the exposure earlier by half-pressing the shutter button.

  • Bulb timer also integrates with other ML features, such as intervalometer or exposure bracketing.

LCDsensor Remote

Start/stop remote shutter release mode with the LCD sensor.

  • Near: To take a picture, put your hand near the LCD sensor.

  • Away: Picture is taken when you get your hand away from the sensor. You may combine this setting with Mirror Lockup.

  • Wave: Picture is taken after you wave your hand 3 times near the sensor. You can leave it on without interfering (too much) with normal shooting.

This feature is useful for avoiding camera shake.

In Movie mode, the 〰 setting is able to start and stop recording movies. The other modes can only start recording (because it's too easy to stop recording by mistake).

While recording, the and modes can trigger the rack focus operation.

Audio RemoteShot

Start/stop remote audio trigger. To take a picture (or start recording a movie), make some loud noise, for example, clap your hands or pop a balloon.

Tip: with the audio trigger you can sync a video recorded without sound with an external audio track(see this topic)

Be careful: this may trigger the shutter from the sounds made by camera (like focus beep or noise from operating the buttons).

Motion Detect

motiondetection-bird.jpgmotiondetection-lightning-6-4-2011-3.jpg

Motion detection in LiveView.

Trigger modes:

  • : it only reacts to brightness changes. Detects large moving subjects which cause significant change in exposure.

  • : it computes the difference between last two frames A and B (luma channel only); this detects smaller movements which do not change exposure.

Detection time is somewhere between 200 and 300 ms according to DataGhost's speed test; it's faster with silent pictures.

Silent Pictures

18835420

This feature is reserved to very advanced users. It can take pictures in LiveView mode without moving the mirror. When enabled, it saves uncompressed YUV422 frames from the LiveView image buffer when you press the shutter halfway.

  • Make sure you don't have autofocus assigned to half-shutter press (put it on or turn it off)

Modes:

  • : simple, low-resolution. Image resolution is usually around 1 or 2 MPix, and depends on the current mode (zoom or not, recording or not, and movie resolution). For almost-FullHD resolution (1720×974), choose to record a dummy movie.

  • : emulates high-resolution by taking a matrix of small silent pics, in zoom mode. You need to have the camera on a tripod and the subject should be static (a picture is taken in a few seconds). Could be useful for focus stacking or for timelapse without increasing shutter count.

Silent picture setting is applied to intervalometer and remote triggers. It will also go to LiveView when you press the shutter half-way. Therefore, you should only enable this setting when you actually use it.

Images are saved in after the following rules:

  • If intervalometer is , silent pics are named after last picture/movie taken without this function (e.g. ). You are limited to 10000 silent pictures for each picture.

  • If intervalometer is , silent pics have names like . Tip: use from Canon menu to increase folder number (to sort them easier).

To convert a 422 image to JPEG on the PC, use one of the following programs:

Mirror Lockup

Mirror lockup. See Canon user guide for details.

will auto-enable MLU under one of the following conditions (and disable it otherwise):

  • self-timer mode is on (either 2 second or 10 second, but not continuous)

  • LCDsensor Remote is in mode.

Flash tweaks

A few tweaks for flash users:

  • Flash expo compensation (-10..+3 EV). Tip: you may use -10EV to trigger an external flash without putting light on the scene coming from the onboard flash.

  • Flash / No flash: use this when you are not sure whether to use flash or not. Odd pictures (by file number) will be taken with flash, even pictures without flash.

  • 3rd party flash in LV: a trick for using a non-Canon flash in LiveView on Rebel cameras, which disables LiveView on half-shutter press. DISABLE this option when you don't use it!!!

Focus

06.focus.png

Trap Focus

trapfocus-hummingbird.jpg

For MF users: takes a picture when the subject comes into focus.

Modes:

  • Hold AF button: you need to hold the autofocus button (half-shutter, or , depending on your settings).

  • Continuous: you don't need to hold any button; ML will the half-shutter pressed for you. This will also block most buttons; press the shutter halfway to unlock them for two seconds.

Notes:

  • Outside LiveView, it only works with lenses with chip.

  • In LiveView it only works for photos, and it will take a picture when the focus indicator has (almost) maximum value on the focus graph.

Notes for LiveView trap focus:

  • You may have to turn the lens back and forth a few times in order to let ML compute the correct focus scaling factor for the current scene.

  • If you move from a high-contrast scene to a low-contrast one, you will also have to wait a bit until the high-contrast data disappears from the focus graph.

  • Press to temporarily disable automatic scaling of focus magnitude.

Focus Patterns

Custom focus patterns which can be used either with autofocus or trap focus.

To change the focus pattern:

  • Set your camera in photo mode, non-LiveView;

  • Look through the viewfinder and make sure the main display is off;

  • Change the focus pattern with the arrow keys and ; you may or may not receive visual feedback.

  • Press the button twice to see the current selection.

You can use the custom focus patterns in LiveView Quick Focus mode, too, but the pattern won't be displayed on the screen.

This feature was ported from 400plus.

Follow Focus

Very simple follow focus (like a rack focus controlled manually).

  • : you will be able to focus with the arrow keys.

  • : on 550D/500D, focus by placing your hand near the LCD sensor (avoiding shake). To use this, you may need to disable LCDsensor Remote.

Recommended focus step settings:

  • Focus StepSize: 1 or 2

  • Focus StepDelay: small values, without

  • If the motion is not smooth, try larger delays (100ms)

Quick rack focus while recording:

  • Press to save current focus point (this means );

  • Use follow focus to change focus point (focus somewhere else);

  • Press to go to saved focus point;

  • Press again to go back.

Focus Settings

Step Size

Step size for one focus command, as used by EOS Utility.

Step Delay

Delay between two successive focus commands, with an optional waiting flag (Step Wait).

Step Wait
  • If is not active, ML will only wait a for fixed delay before sending next focus command. This will reduce stutter, but may affect rack focus accuracy. This setting is recommended if you only use follow focus.

  • If is active, ML will wait until each focus command is completed, and then it will wait for a fixed delay, as configured here. This will increase rack focus accuracy, but may cause stutter with certain lenses.

Start Delay

Sets the number of seconds before starting a rack focus. This lets you film the start point first, then initialise the rack focus without touching the camera.

Focus End Point

This is end point of rack focus (X focus steps from the start point, i.e. from current focus point).

First you have to set the end point. Focus the lens, then press on this menu item.

After pressing SET, ML will display . This means the end point is now assigned to current focus position.

At this point, you will see the LiveView image and set the start point using left and right keys (just like with follow focus) or the main dial (scrollwheel). The start point will be always the current focus point (which you are changing); the end point will remain fixed.

Rack Focus

Triggers the rack focus operation that moves between the start and end focus points. After the move is complete pressing again reverses the move.

  • : rack focus will start after 2 seconds;

  • : rack focus will start immediately;

  • : ML will automatically record a short clip with the rack focus operation.

Step-by-step:

  1. Pick the end point of rack focus by focusing on it (manually or with AF).

  2. Configure focus parameters (step size and delay). Different lenses may require different parameters.

  3. Open the menu, go to and press to zero it out.

  4. Pick the start point by focusing on it with the buttons while the Focus menu is active. Make sure the number from is changing as you focus. Fine-tune the position with scrollwheel.

  5. Go to and press or to start rack focus.

  6. To return to the starting point, run rack focus again.

Tips:

  1. while recording, you can start rack focus from outside the menu, by pressing .

  2. when LCDsensor Remote is set on or , you can trigger rack focus from the LCD sensor, avoiding camera shake.

Recommended focus step settings:

  • Focus StepSize: 1 or 2

  • Focus StepDelay:

    • without : large delays (around 100 ms) ⇒ will ignore small position errors

    • with : small delays (use it only if your lens is in very good mechanical condition)

Stack focus

5879032?

This selection will shoot a series of photographs with varying focus points. It is used in macro photography to assemble sharper final images by merging photos where each has a different focus point.

This function can also create scripts named like named , which can be used for stacking the images with enfuse. See Exposure bracketing for details on how to use these scripts, and the focus stacking section from Enfuse reference manual. To enable (or disable) the post-processing scripts, go to HDR bracketing submenu.

Usage:

  1. focus on your subject

  2. open the Focus Stacking menu

  3. choose the number of pictures in front and/or behind your current focus point (use common sense)

  4. optional: check your settings with either Silent Pictures or Snap Simulation (Shoot menu). This lets you run the focus stack without wasting shutter actuations, and fine-tune the settings as needed, before running the final sequence.

  5. disable Silent Pictures / Snap Simulation and run the final focus stack sequence, with full-resolution pictures.

Alternative way:

  1. Configure rack focus and use it to preview the focus range.

  2. From the Focus Stacking menu, select “Copy rack focus range”

  3. Select the number of focus steps to skip. This will determine the number of pictures to be taken.

  4. Start the focus sequence (“Run focus stack”).

You can also combine this function with HDR bracketing and silent pictures.

Recommended focus step settings: same as for rack focus.

DOF info

The following items are display only:

Focus Dist

The distance to the focal point. Value is returned by most newer Canon lenses. If the lens does not report any distance information, 0 will be displayed and the DOF calculations will not be correct.

See also Focus distance.

Hyperfocal

The hyperfocal distance is the point of focus where everything from half that distance to infinity falls within the depth of field. This is the largest depth of field possible for the current f-number.

DOF Near

The nearest distance in which objects appear in focus.

DOF Far

The farthest distance in which objects appear in focus.

Display

07.display.png

Options for display (most of them are for LiveView).

LV contrast

Adjusts the contrast in LiveView. It doesn't affect recording. This helps when focusing with very flat picture styles.

Values: Normal (no effect), High, Very high, Zero, Very low, Low.

LV saturation

Adjusts the saturation in LiveView. It doesn't affect recording. This helps you focus without being distracted by color.

Values: Normal (no effect), High, Very high, Zero (grayscale).

LV display gain

nightdemo.jpg

Photo mode only: this feature increases the brightness in LiveView, making it usable in very dark scenes (where Canon's LiveView would be pitch black). Combine this with FPS override for better low-light performance.

For movie mode, use ML digital ISOs for a similar effect.

Color Scheme

This affects the colors and brightness of the on-screen information (including LiveView overlays, Canon menus and ML menus). Range from: Bright (default), Dark, Bright Gray, Dark Gray, Dark Red. Tip: dark themes may reduce the eye strain during night shooting.

Clear Overlays

Clear bitmap overlays from LiveView display.

  • : Hold the shutter half-pressed, or the button, or DOF preview for around 1 second to clear all the overlays from the Live View display (audio, zebra, crops, shutter speeds…).Tip: assign autofocus to button (from Custom Functions, set = ).

  • : In this mode, all the overlays are erased from the screen (100% clean display) when the camera is idle (i.e. you don't press any buttons).

  • : In this mode, all the overlays are erased from the screen; you will have to change shooting settings blindly. You can still use the menus.Tip: this feature may be useful with External Recorders, since it removes the focus box and other graphics from the display.

Focus box (LV)

With this setting you can choose to show the Focus box in liveview or hide it when not needed.

Force HDMI-VGA

This option will force a low-resolution mode on HDMI displays (720×480), which avoids black screen when you start/stop recording.

Screen layout settings...

Screen orientation, positioning fine tuning, adjustments for external monitors…

Screen Layout

Choose screen layout (position of ML top and bottom bars), for different cameras or for external monitors.

Top/bottom layouts:

  • Inside 3:2: default layout for 3:2-screen cameras (550D and newer).

  • Inside 16:10: for 16:10 HDMI monitors.

  • Inside 16:9: for 16:9 HDMI monitors.

  • 4:3 movie (for 5D Mark II, 500D and 50D in movie mode).

Bottom-only layouts:

  • Under 3:2: useful for 4:3-screen cameras (500D, 50D, 5D Mark 2) in photo mode.

  • Under 16:9: suitable for low-resolution external monitors and for 4:3-screen cameras in movie mode.

Image position

This may make the image better visible from different angles (especially on cameras without flip-out screen).

up_down.jpg

This mode is useful if you want to mount your camera upside-down.

Auto Mirroring

For cameras with flip-out LCD, this options prevents mirroring the display when you open it at 180 degrees.

Display: Normal/Reverse/Mirror

For cameras with flip-out LCD, you may select a different flipping/mirroring option.

Level Indicator (60D)

Shows if the picture levels with the horizon. Can be used while recording.

Kill Canon GUI

For 50D only: disable Canon graphics elements to avoid conflicts with ML graphics in LiveView.

  • : only enable Canon graphics when some transparent menu from LiveView is active.

  • : only enable Canon graphics when you press some keys or navigate the transparent menus from LiveView.

Prefs

08.prefs.png

Image review settings...

Customize the image review (playback) mode:

SET+MainDial

Compare_and_hdr.png

When you hold pressed and turn the main dial (scrollwheel), ML may perform one of these functions:

  • : display silent pictures from (low-res only).

  • : combine two or more images, useful for previewing HDR images or multiple exposures.

  • : compare two images with a diagonal split view. The current image will always end up in the top half.

  • : scroll through all your pictures quickly.

Image review

  • : just like in standard firmware.

  • : if you set in Canon menu, it will go to mode instead. This allows you to zoom in as soon as you take the picture (without having to press ). Credits goto Ken Rockwell for suggesting this.

Quick Zoom

Faster zoom in PLAY mode, for checking critical focus:

  • OFF

  • ON - zooms faster than Canon firmware.

  • SinglePress → 100%: a single press of will zoom all the way in (to 100%) - on center point. Next press will zoom out (full screen image).

  • Full zoom on AF point: similar, but it will zoom on currently selected autofocus point.

  • Full zoom on last position: similar, but it will remember the last position of the zoom box.

LV button

Customize the LiveView button in mode:

  • Default (enter LiveView)

  • Protect image

Quick Erase

Shortcut for erasing images without confirmation (hold SET and press ERASE). Be careful!

Arrow/SET shortcuts...

Select the features you want to adjust quickly with arrow keys: * Audio gain * ISO/Kelvin * Shutter/Aperture * LCD Brightness/Saturation

You can also enable quick functions for the SET button, coupled with the corresponding arrow adjustments:

  • Audio input (internal mic, external mic, balanced…)

  • Push-button white balance

  • 180-degree shutter speed

  • Reset LCD brightness to 5 and saturation to Normal.

Misc key settings...

LCD Sensor Shortcuts

Use the LCD face sensor as an extra key in ML (e.g. for triggering arrow keys, for blocking follow focus or for bypassing magic zoom key).

To fully disable the LCD sensor in Magic Lantern, disable from Canon menu (Wrench 1). You need to do this if you are using a device which covers the LCD sensor (e.g. a loupe).

Sticky DOF Preview

This will make the DOF preview button sticky (so you no longer have to hold it pressed).

Note: enabling DOF preview will block certain buttons.

Tip: enable Exposure Override to preview DOF without blocking the buttons.

Sticky HalfShutter

This will make the half-shutter press sticky (so you no longer have to hold it pressed).

Tip: use this to prevent the camera from turning off LiveView after 30 minutes.

Swaps and buttons. This feature allows one-handed navigation in ML menu on 60D, but will have to use button to delete the pictures.

DigitalZoom Shortcut (600D)

On 600D/T3i, this lets you customize the behavior of + shortcut key in movie mode:

  • : toggle between 1x and 3x digital zoom modes (FullHD)

  • : default Canon setting (change digital zoom value between 3x and 10x).

Note: by default, Magic Lantern disables digital zoom values greater than 3x in order to avoid image quality degradation.

Auto BurstPicQuality

When enabled, it will temporarily reduce picture quality in burst mode in order to maintain a decent frame rate even when the buffer becomes almost full.

This function will reduce picture quality if the buffer has space for less than 4 pictures:

  • → →

  • → →

Possible results (550D, Transcend Class 10, your mileage may vary):

  • , , all others

  • , , all others

Powersave in LiveView...

Options for maximizing battery life when using LiveView.

  • Enable power saving: on Standby, during Recording, or always.

  • Use LCD sensor: you can use it to wake up from powersave (wave your hand near it), or to force powersave mode (cover the sensor for a few seconds).

  • Dim display: In LiveView, if the camera is idle, Magic Lantern will reduce the LCD backlight level to minimum in order to save power.

  • Turn off LCD and LV: this will turn off the display and the sensor activity in LiveView. Mirror will not be moved. If the camera is recording or motion detection is enabled, only the display will be turned off (so recording will not stop).

  • Turn off GlobalDraw: if the camera is idle, ML overlay graphics will be disabled to reduce CPU usage.

Config file...

Magic Lantern saves its settings in a configuration file named , located under directory on your card. This submenu lets you customize how these settings are saved.

  • Config Autosave: If enabled, settings are saved automatically to whenever you change a setting in ML menu. Config saving process will take place as soon as you close the menu.

  • Save config now: Save ML settings to .

  • Delete config file: use this to restore ML default settings. After deleting the config file, restart the camera.

LV Display Presets

This feature lets you use up to 4 display presets for the settings in the Overlay menu.

On the top bar, you will see 0, 1, 2 or 3. Each of those is a preset for the settings in menu. So you can, for example, configure with false colors, with zebras and focus peaking, and with clear display.

This menu item sets the maximum number of available DISP presets. To disable this feature, set the number of presets to 1.

To change the current display preset, press in LiveView, or on the GlobalDraw entry in the Overlay menu.

Crop Factor Display

If enabled, ML bottom bar will display the 35mm equivalent focal length, including crop factor (1.6x).

For example, a 50mm lens at f1.8 will be displayed as:

  • with this option disabled;

  • with this option enabled.

To reduce menu clutter, Magic Lantern allows you to hide unused menu items. Enable this to display the hidden items, so you can re-enable them.

Debug

09.debug.png

Functions for troubleshooting, development, and possibly unstable features.

Screenshot (10 s)

Print screen after 10 seconds. This option saves a BMP file for the overlays and a 422 file (silent picture) for the LiveView image. The BMP does not contain transparency data. You can combine the two files in GIMP or other image editing programs.

The card LED will blink every second, until the screenshot is taken.

Create screenshots of all main menus at once.

Don't click me!

Stability tests

This option runs various tests to make sure Magic Lantern is stable and will not crash. You can use it to test your particular configuration.

If it crashes, report an issue.

Show tasks...

Displays the tasks started by Canon and Magic Lantern.

Save CPU usage log

Saves a log with the CPU usage for all tasks.

Free Memory

Displays the amount of available RAM.

Shutter Count

Displays the number of shutter actuations.

CMOS temperature

Displays the internal CMOS temperature, in raw units.

Battery remaining

60D and 5D Mark II only: displays battery percentage, estimated time remaining and battery discharging rate.

For accurate readings, wait until the percentage indicator decreases by at least 2% since powering on.

· Last modified: 2021/01/05 18:02 by

Sours: https://wiki.magiclantern.fm/userguide

User Manual[]

Introduction[]

This manual is designed to be a layman's introduction to Magic Lantern release No. 0.1.6. Technical information regarding this release as well as the history and development of Magic Lantern can be can be reviewed the Magic Lantern wiki.

Magic Lantern is a program that has been developed by Canon 5D Mark II users to provide video and still enhancements to the operating system in the camera. It loads from the CF card on board the camera and does not modify the camera's factory firmware in anyway. Magic Lantern is modeled on CHDK, a system developed in the open source community that provided enhancements to Canon Power Shot compact digital cameras.

Warranty Issues[]

Bear in mind that this Magic Lantern release comes with no warranty for any use; you use it at your own risk. This project is attempting to improve uses of the product for professional level uses and is intended for that purpose. Developers and Users contend that using the Magic Lantern does not harm your camera since it is loaded into the memory only temporarily and if you turn off the camera, it's gone completely. Alpha testers have used Magic Lantern for several versions now, and there have been no reported camera issues developed in using the software. The original camera firmware is left untouched in the camera. There have been two prior released versions as the software and the developers have had no report of any damage arising out of its use.

Canon support maintains that any upgrades to the software of the camera not performed by an authorized Canon Repair Facility or installed as directed by Canon, would void the warranty. Thus you should consider it likely that damage occuring to your camera while using Magic Lantern software would not be covered under your Warranty, should Canon challenge the Warranty on that basis. Whether or not their position would hold up legally, has not been tested.

However, the open source developers of this software are essentially accessing settings that are available on board the camera as part of the Canon design, and it is unclear how such usage would be determined in a repair situation in any event.

Simply stated Magic Lantern 0.1.6 provides a system that allows the user to obtain access to various settings on the camera, some of which are not available in the Canon 5D Mark II firmware release 1.1.0. This most recent factory release provided some additional manual setting capabilities for video shooting, but left many needs unfulfilled. Magic Lantern 0.1.6 only works with firmware version 1.1.0.

The choice of settings can be accomplished by one of two methods. The first is by accessing the Magic Lantern Menu, after starting Magic Lantern. The second method is to make changes on a configuration file, prior to invoking Magic Lantern and then including that configuration on the CF root directory along with the Magic Lantern software before starting Magic Lantern. The Magic Lantern process also allows the saving of the current settings as a repeatable configuration, once the configuration has been set while in Magic Lantern, so the particular setup can be repeatably invoked at start up.

In both cases, the process is started by starting the camera in the standard configuration. That means you start your Canon 5D Mark II as usual, using firmware version 1.10.

Then, with a card that has been loaded with the Magic Lantern 0.1.6, you will select firmware update from the firmware update menu on the camera. After selecting it, the camera will reboot, using Magic Lantern 0.1.6. Nothing in the firmware rewrites or changes the standard firmware on board the the camera. The Magic Lantern Firmware actually supplements the firmware but is not written permanently in the Camera's operating system.

After Magic Lantern is running, the user will:

  1. have access to a new set of data reporting on the LCD or monitor,
  2. have access to audio level meters
  3. have access to zebras on screen (LCD use only)
  4. have access to menus for setting of audio gain,
  5. set audio monitoring levels
  6. invoke design and define and invoke crop marks
  7. set histogram on or off
  8. set up stack focus for multiple still photos with variable focus.
  9. set up automated rack focusing on auto focus lenses
  10. save a new configuration setting based on the set up you have made

After completing the use of the camera in Magic Lantern mode, the power of the camera is turned off. This will normally clear the camera of any vestiges of the operating system, and the camera can then be restarted in the normal firmware operating system.


Note: After all uses developers are recommending that users also open, and remove the battery briefly, to assure memory is cleared, before restarting of the camera in normal modes. This recommendation also prevents a potential that some process might continue to be running in the camera causing it to drain the battery or overheat the camera even after shut down.

Preparing Your Compact Flash Card[]

Any compact flash card that you intend to shoot with Magic Lantern, will have to have magic lantern installed to it. Remember, the card supplies the additional operating instructions for the firmware running on the camera.

About choice of cards: Generally, most cards that can be used with the Canon 5D Mark II in regular mode, will work with Magic Lantern. However, the user should be prepared to consider changing cards should continuous trouble be noted with a particular card or brand of cards.

Preparing the Card for Transfer of Magic Lantern: It is recommended that any card on which Magic Lantern is to be installed be formatted in the Canon 5D Mark II, prior to installation of Magic Lantern on that card.

Installing Magic Lantern on your card:

  1. Download the latest version of Magic Lantern from this site: Download firmware
  2. Extract the zip file to a directory of your choice. In order to preserve prior downloads, use a new directory for each version you download. Otherwise the resulting file may overwrite a prior download.
  3. From the download directory, transfer the , , and to the root directory of you CF card.

Your CF card directory should look like the following as a result of the transfer:

CFdirectory.JPG

Repeat these steps each compact flash card you want to use for recording with Magic Lantern.

  1. Start your camera with the CF card with Magic Lantern installed in the camera card slot.
  2. Press the menu button, then locate the firmware update utility. (see picture below)
  3. Push the set button after navigating to the firmware line.
  4. Select Okay, when prompted

The Magic Firmware program will then load:

Firmwareupdateloading.jpg

The screen will go blank, and then show this screen:

Firmwaresensorcleaningscreen.jpg

It will then go blank again. If it does not come up after a few seconds, push the Live View button.


(Note: Some users report that turning off automated sensor cleaning will elimnate the need to turn Live View back on after loading Magic Lantern 0.1.6.)

Magic Lanterns screen will look something like this now:

MagicLantern first LCD screen.jpg

At this point you can just press the button to record, especially if you had your camera set-up pre-configured in the configuration file. In the next chapters you will learn how to configure various setting, for that purpose.

The sole purpose of Magic Lantern is to enhance use of the Canon 5D MKII, by allowing the user to adjust certain camera settings that are normally not accessable in the stock Canon firmware. There are five menus in Magic Lantern Version 0.1.6. They are Audio, Video, Bracket, Focus, and Debug.

Magic Lantern takes over the button on your Canon 5D Mark II and uses it to access the Magic Lantern menu system. Press that button to enter the system. You will see the default Audio screen at start up:

AudioMenu.jpg

You will toggle to each menu or up and down the menu selections with the four way mini-joy stick. Depressing the joy stick will select changes for the item. The button can also be used to select.

Audio Settings[]

Output vol
This selection provide four settings from 0-6 to set sound levels for sound monitoring from the AV Jack of the Canon 5D Mark II.
Anlg gain
This selection sets analog gain levels. Typically you would want this to be as low as possible if you are using a high quality pre-amp that can drive a hot signal into the camera. The 5D's preamps are noisy when turned about +20 dB.
L.Gain
This selection sets left digital gain level
R.Gain
This selection sets right digital gain level
AGC
This selection toggles audio gain on or off. One of the entire reasons for installing Magic Lantern is to be able to turn this off.
Input
INT= internal camera mic, EXT set camera to external mic input.
Monitor
ON means that the A/V jack will loopback the microphone input, OFF means that the A/V jack will playback audio from a recorded clip.

Notes[]

  • Due to camera design, the highest level may not be sufficient for some monitoring situations without adding a headphone amp. A headphone amp that that can provide further volume control should be employed.
  • Remember that the jack from the AV is an AV jack, and actually has two channels of audio, and one channel of video. Using a two channel standard stereo headphone jack will usually result in only one channel being heard. Adapters splitting the AV output into video and left + right audio are available.
  • In early testing of the 5D with standard firmware, it has been noted that monitoring SD video through the AV port can cause a recorded feedback noise. That carries over to Magic Lantern. A notch filter may have to be employed in post to eliminate that sound, if video monitoring is used through the AV port.
  • Best audio is obtained by use of a preamp system fed to the camera. As a general rule, the use of a quiet preamp to send the signal to the camera will result in better the sound recorded in camera. Use of a preamped XLR adapter like the Juiced Link CX 231 or a field mixer will give superior results.

Video Settings[]

Zebras
This setting toggles Zebras on and off.

go from 0-100

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Zebra Thrs
This setting toggles through various level of zebras. As of this writing actual values have not been analyzed. The authors believe 0xf000 approximates 100%.
Cropmarks
This setting toggles cropmarks on or off. The Magic Lantern will access a cropmark file in the root directory to write user developed crop marks. There is a sample version provided. The camera can only access a simple 8 bit bitmap file and should be designed within the parameters of the demonstration file provided. There are more sample cropmark files available with different aspect ratios. Under the current version, the replacement file must also be named and be stored in the root directory of the CF card.
Edgedetect
This function currently is still in development an in current implemention does not provide usable edge detection for focusing purposes.
Histogram
Toggles a histogram display.

Notes[]

  • Zebra currently do not write properly to monitors fed by the Canon 5D, either SD or HDMI. They should therefore be turned off if you are not using the internal LCD.
  • The cropmarks file will occasionally not load correctly. If this happens, power cycle the camera and restart the Magic Lantern firmware as described above.
  • Canon's liveview menus (like ISO, whitebalance, etc) will not be displayed correctly when Zebras, edge detection or histograms are displayed. The menu will flicker onscreen for an instant, but then be overdrawn by the zebra stripes. You can still select from the menu with the scroll wheel.

[]

This feature is provided for still photography purposes to test several different exposure level of a scene.

Test bracket
Exposure the desired number of exposures
AE Count
Number of exposures in the bracket
AE Step
Number of camera exposure compensation steps between exposures. Each step is 1/8 EV.

Notes[]

  • This feature is experimental and may have problems.
  • Sequential exposures are not as fast as the cameras built-in bracketing right now.
  • Must be invoked in liveview mode
  • Camera must be in Av, Tv or P modes (not M)

[]

The focus menu system is designed to take advantage of autofocus lenses to provide an automated rack focus for motion filming, and stack focusing for still photography. It is currently in Beta status, and is provided for user testing and development.


Settings are as follows:

Focus Dir
This is the direction the lens moves when pressing the camera's zoom in button to set the focus start point. After setting the focus end point select this direction then press the zoom in button to move the lens to the focus start point. Near means to focus closer to the camera. Far means to focus further away from the camera.
Focus A
This is end point of rack focus. To set, focus the lens, then press "Set".
Rack speed
Sets the focus speed. Select a speed and test and reset as needed.
Rack Focus
Triggers the rack focus operation that moves between the start and end focus points. After the move is complete pressing again reverses the move.
Run Stack Focus
This selection will shoot a series of photographs with varying focal distances. Used in macro photography to assemble sharper final images by merging photos where each has a different focus point.

The following are display only:

Focal Dist
The distance to the focal point. Value is returned by most newer Canon lenses. If the lens does not report any distance information, 0 will be displayed and the DOF calculations will not be correct.
Hyperfocal
The hyperfocal distance is the point of focus where everything from half that distance to infinity falls within the depth of field. This is the largest depth of field possible for the current f-number.
DOF Near
The nearest distance in which objects appear in focus.
DOF Far
The farthest distance in which objects appear in focus.

How it Works:[]

Now that you know what the buttons are about, here is how you make it work:

1. After opening the focus menu, pick the end point of your rack focus, focusing manually with your lens on that point.


2. Next on the Focus Menu, select the direction you will have to focus to in order to find the start point. If the start point is a closer focus, pick Near, if it a farther away focus point, pick Far. ( Remember, you are simply telling camera which direction to go to find the start point.)


3. Next, scroll down to Focus A. You need to zero this setting out, before going on. Press "Set" to zero it out.


4. Once that is completed you will use the Zoom + button in the very right hand upper corner of the back of the camera to move the focus point to your start point. You will need to watch the screen closely to make sure you reach the proper point.


5. Next select the time period of the pull, by scrolling down to rack speed. The lower the number, the longer the rack will take. It is recommended for testing purposes to start around 20.


6. Once that is done, you need to exit the Magic Lantern Menu, to start the camera recording


7. Once the camera is recording, re-enter the Magic Lantern Focus Menu, and scroll to Rack Focus. To start the rack focus, press "Set". You should see the rack focus commence and complete its cycle.


8. To return to the beginning point, you can press Set again to return to that point, once again.

Notes[]

  • The rack focus command may "stutter" while racking with some lenses, causing overshoot or undershoot of the desired position. This feature is still under development and should be more mature in a later version.
  • The Stack Focus command must be invoked in Liveview mode and with the lens in Manual Focus mode.

Sample videos[]

DOF_and_Focus_stackingRackfocus_speeds

[]

The menu provides various commands designed to help the developers determine what is happening during processes. The general user may be asked to provide information about bug reports from these menus.

However, it is expected that the general user will use the Save Config command to develop her own configuration settings for repeatable use. That process is explained more below.

The basic configuration file on board at first start:


Magic Lantern comes with a basic configuration file, , used to set the camera up you can view and modify the file in a text editor such as Note Pad. The configuration file will look like this:

# Zebra levels zebra.level = 61440 # == 0xF000 zebra.draw = 1 # Edge detection (too slow for real use) edge.draw = 0 # Crop marks for 2.35:1 crop.draw = 1 # Audio data # mgain is according to this table: # 0 == +0 dB # 1 == +20 dB # 2 == +26 dB # 3 == +32 dB # 4 == +10 dB # 5 == +17 dB # 6 == +23 dB # 7 == +29 dB # mgain affects both channels equally. audio.mgain = 4 # dgain is in dB. If you want separate gains per channel, # use audio.dgain.l and audio.dgain.r to set their gains. audio.dgain = 18 # dB # mic-power is boolean. Turn it on if you are using an electret mic # or the internal microphone. Turn it if you are using a CX231 for # best audio quality. audio.mic-power = 1 # Enable liveview automatically? # Turn this off if your card has trouble booting or # with HDMI output connected at boot time. You will need # to hit the Live-View button in a few seconds after booting enable-liveview = 1 # Disable the powersave so that the LiveView never shuts off? # WARNING -- this can cause problems with your sensor! # DO NOT LEAVE THE CAMERA ON CONTINUOUSLY. disable-powersave = 1

Many of the settings in the initial configuration file are on off or level settings for various basic features of the camera that are enhanced or brought up by Magic Lantern. will generally mean no, and will mean turn it on. So a at Zebras will turn zebras on and so on.

The user can edit this file in a text editor, making setting changes. As shown, the initial file contains instructions for setting the configuration settings.

Saved Configuration Files[]

Magic Lantern will generate a more complete configuration file. After starting Magic Lantern and making settings to your Camera in the Magic Lantern Menus, you can save that current configuration for future start ups in the Prefs menu by selecting in that menu. By selecting that, the original Configuration file will be replaced with a new extended configuration file such as the following (note that all comments are removed from the file):

# Magic Lantern 0.1.6 (4770e23b8cd9 tip) # Build on 2009-08-10 22:54:23 by [email protected] # Configuration saved on 2009/08/10 16:51:20 disable-powersave = 1 debug.draw-event = 0 debug.menu-timeout = 15 debug.draw-prop = 0 debug.timed-dump = 0 audio.mgain = 5 audio.dgain.l = 18 audio.dgain.r = 12 audio.mic-power = 1 audio.lovl = 3 audio.o2gain = 0 audio.alc-enable = 0 audio.mic-in = 1 audio.loopback = 1 focus.step = 100 focus.count = 5 focus.rack-speed = 4 zebra.draw = 0 zebra.level = 61440 crop.draw = 0 crop.file = A:/cropmarks.bmp edge.draw = 0 enable-liveview = 1 hist.draw = 0 hist.x = 582 hist.y = 100 timecode.x = 520 timecode.y = 50 timecode.width = 225 timecode.height = 60 timecode.warning = 120

You can use this file for future start up, and you may also want to edit further for future startups and develop several different files for various uses.

Magic Lantern Screen Information[]

Magic Lantern produces additional on screen information, not available on the stock firmare:

Screenlegend.jpg

1. Audio Levels with color indicators

2. Lens focal length and focus distance information report

3. Recording indicator. Displays an estimate of minutes:seconds left on card during recording process.

4, Current F stop setting

5. Current shutter speed setting

6. Current ISO (red color indicates auto setting)

7. Digital gain settings (only displayed for a second while recording)

8. Analog Gain Setting (only displayed for a second while recording)

Troubleshooting[]

Playback, and Blank Screen Post Playback[]

Alpha users have reported occasional blank screens after invoking playback on their Canon 5D Mark II, while in Magic Lantern 0.1.6. If this occurs, try pushing various left side buttons. In particular, pushing the Info, Playback, Picture Style or Menu buttons several times, may resolve this.

If the blank screen is not resolved after such attempts, users should immediately shut down the camera, and remove the battery briefly and then restart the camera.

Sours: https://magiclantern.fandom.com/wiki/Magic_Lantern_0.1.6_User_Manual
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Magic Lantern Nightly - Install Guide

  • If the card LED blinks continuously AND the camera is unresponsive, please report an issue and show us the LED blinking sequence (a short video will do). In older versions, this used to mean “wrong firmware version”, but new builds are now able to show a message on the screen, regardless of your Canon firmware version.

  • If you have a different Canon firmware version, please use the one from our download page (select camera, scroll to Installation).

  • If the screen does not turn on, but autofocus works, remove the battery and format the card. This happens when the card is bootable, but autoexec.bin is not there.

  • Check if all doors are closed. The camera will not boot if any of the card or battery doors are open !

  • If the camera does not boot (seems dead), remove the battery and the card. Then put the battery back and try to boot the camera without card. Then put a formatted card in the camera and try to boot without Magic Lantern. Only after you are sure the camera is OK, you can try to see what's wrong with Magic Lantern.

  • If the camera asks for a firmware update, place Canon firmware on the card (this was a problem in older versions).

  • DO NOT use a bootable card without a working autoexec.bin on it! If you do, remove the battery immediately, switching the camera off is not enough !!!

  • Check the issue tracker for similar problems; if you can't find the solution, create a new issue there.

  • If you get “ML directory not found! Please copy all ML files.” during installation → FAQ.

  • Sours: https://wiki.magiclantern.fm/install
    5 mins Easy Guide for Magic Lantern in 2020

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    the 2021 china international service trade fair (service trade fair) will be held in beijing from september 2nd to 7th. meanwhile, the global service trade summit will be held on september 2. president xi jinping will deliver a speech at the global service trade summit via video.

    as one of the three major exhibition platforms for china's opening to the outside world, the service trade fair has become a leading event in the field of global service trade, and is a close link between china and the world. people from many countries and the media expressed that they look forward to the 2021 service trade fair that will continue to provide opportunities for all parties to deepen cooperation, build consensus, and promote global economic recovery in the post-epidemic era.

    "service trade fair has become an important global platform"

    this year, the service trade fair will host 5 summit forums, 193 forum meetings and promotion and negotiation activities, as well as 8 side events. more than 10,000 companies from 153 countries and regions have registered to participate in the exhibition, and the world's top 500 and industry-leading companies accounted for 18%, an increase of 9 percentage points from the previous time. the heads of exhibitors and enterprises said that the increase in the attractiveness of the service trade fair stems from china's open cooperation environment and broad development prospects.

    tang zhimin, director of the china-asean studies center of the chia university school of management in thailand, said that this year's service trade fair will cover all major areas of service trade, build a platform and provide opportunities for international service trade cooperation, and will inject impetus into the development of global service trade.

    "during the service trade fair in 2020, we participated in the winter sports special exhibition, and the response was very good." thomas tajuman, general manager of the czech ski brand alpine china market, said that many european brands have gained more cooperation opportunities through the service trade fair. . "as the beijing winter olympics approach, china's ice and snow sports market will usher in rapid growth. this is a good development opportunity for us."

    zvi schiller, chairman of the israel robotics association, said that many professionals and investors are expected to participate in this service trade fair. china has a huge market and strong manufacturing capabilities, and the association is considering establishing a joint r&d center with china.

    the panamanian "star" published an article that panama regards the service trade fair as an important boost to the global economic recovery in the post-epidemic era. mark garcia, senior regional consultant of lixin certified public accountants in panama business consulting company, believes that the trade in service is an excellent opportunity to promote cooperation between panama and china in the field of digital economy services. "the service trade fair can allow foreign investors to better understand china, as well as the service trade support and facilitation measures china provides, which will further enhance investors' confidence in long-term investment in china."

    "china has become a major trading partner of many countries. the holding of the service trade fair not only conveys to the world china's confidence in opening up to the outside world, but also promotes trade exchanges between china and other economies and builds an important platform for exchanges and cooperation. "brazil business leaders organization china chairman everton monezi said.

    wesley douglas, director of the african carbon exchange, is very pleased to see that this year's service trade will include carbon peaking and carbon neutrality as a key issue. “the service trade fair has become an important global platform, and this platform is helpful for solving global problems.” he said that china has provided an important reference for developing countries to practice green development, and african countries have a strong desire for green economic development. , there is an urgent need for related investment and technology introduction. africa and china have great potential for cooperation in these areas.

    "digital technology brings hope to the future"

    in his speech at the 2020 service trade conference global service trade summit, president xi jinping emphasized that it is necessary to comply with the development trend of digitalization, networking, and intelligence, and work together to eliminate the "digital divide" and promote the digitalization of service trade. the theme of this year's service trade fair is "digital opens up the future, service promotes development". visitors will experience various innovative service products and the latest technologies provided by domestic and foreign enterprises through the service trade fair. in particular, new services centered on the digital economy have received widespread attention from the international community.

    yukio kajida, a professor at chuo university in japan, said that in the post-epidemic era, the importance of the digital economy has become more and more prominent. governments and enterprises of various countries are actively promoting the development of the digital economy, and china is at the forefront of this field. this year's service trade fair uses "digitalization" as a key word, which will help promote cooperation and exchanges between global companies in the new situation, and further contribute to global technological innovation, economic development and improvement of people's lives. trade in services will become an important force to promote the recovery of the world economy.

    everton monezi said that china’s experience in promoting the application of electronic payment technology is worth learning from latin america. latin american countries are starting to revitalize their economies in order to achieve long-term sustainable development. the service trade fair provides a high-level platform for cooperation between latin america and china, allowing more high-quality latin american companies to enter the chinese market and contribute to the recovery of the world economy.

    "digital technology brings hope to the future." susanna gutkovska, acting chief representative of the beijing office of the polish national tourism administration, said that this year's "cloud showroom" at the service trade fair provided them with the opportunity to contact and communicate with their chinese partners. an opportunity for chinese tourists to issue invitations. poland's primorsky province and warsaw tourism organization set up booths in the yunshang exhibition hall to attract visitors. the holding of the service trade fair will help the recovery of the global tourism industry.

    karl fei, a professor at the business school of aalto university in finland, believes that china has accumulated a lot of experience in the development of the digital economy. for example, the government provides policy support for enterprises, revitalizes the domestic market for digital services, and supports and encourages innovative companies in this field. share and discuss these experiences with all parties at the service trade conference.

    "it is of great significance to the recovery of the world economy"

    according to data from the ministry of commerce of china, despite the impact of the epidemic, china's total service imports and exports in 2020 will still exceed rmb 4.5 trillion. in the first half of this year, the added value of china's service industry reached 29.6 trillion yuan, accounting for 55.7% of gdp, providing strong support for the high-quality development of service trade. international sources said that under the background of economic globalization, china's economy is open and inclusive, opening its doors to embrace companies from all over the world, and will contribute wisdom and strength to the deepening of global service trade and investment cooperation.

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    as the guest country of this year's service and trade fair, ireland has not only set up exhibition areas for investment, food, health, education, etc., it will also show the unique charm of ireland through ethnic dance performances and movies. four institutions including the irish food board, the trade and technology board, the investment development board, and the tourism board will appear together on the stage of the service trade fair for the first time. fenbar cleary, vice president of the irish-china science and technology exchange association, said that china's total service trade imports may reach us$10 trillion in the next 15 years, which contains huge market opportunities.

    mohamed farahart, director of the egyptian pyramid politics and strategic research center, said that the service and trade will build a sound framework for international cooperation, create a healthier business and investment environment, help establish a new operating structure and trade network, and promote service trade. , investment and capital flow.

    lu yaoqun, director of the institute of governance and sustainable development of the national university of singapore business school, said that the service trade association is an excellent platform to promote the development of free trade and common prosperity between china, asia and the rest of the world. the service trade association once again confirmed china's long-term commitment to the idea of building a community with a shared future for mankind.

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  • ;">qiu weigong, chairman of the thai-china business council of thailand, said that trade can drive the development of various relations between the two countries. "china's national-level exhibition platforms such as the canton fair, the service trade fair, and the china international import expo will serve as a benchmark for trade, and the world economy will benefit from it."


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    tang zhimin said that open and inclusive service trade is also an important part of the regional comprehensive economic partnership agreement. china has used practical actions to create an open and inclusive environment for cooperation through the holding of service trade fairs and china international import expo. "under the current economic situation, china insists on expanding its opening up to the outside world and leading global cooperation. these measures are of great significance to the recovery of the world economy."

    hanat besek, president of the china association for the promotion of trade in kazakhstan, said that china’s opening to the outside world has evolved from the initial policy preferences to the current institutional opening, which not only benefits the chinese people, but also contributes to the economic development of neighboring countries. significant driving effect.

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