Week 4 veg

Week 4 veg DEFAULT

This article is about the Cannabis plant life cycle, divided into stages week by week. You’ll find information about the plant’s growth at each stage, some of the plant’s basic needs and what to watch out for! Learn how to grow weed from seed to harvest!

Table of contents

Cannabis growth is divided mainly in seed germination, seedling, vegetative, and flowering stages. Each one has its own environmental and nutritional needs, even different photoperiods. Let’s find out all about weed plant stages…

Storing your Cannabis seeds

This is how the life of a Cannabis plant begins. A viable seed looks brown with some stripes, dry and hard to the touch. If it feels weak or it’s white or light green, it’s probably an undeveloped seed and it won’t produce a healthy plant.

Keep your seeds in a dark, cold place, for example, in the fridge inside a plastic bag for better conservation. When the time of germination comes, get your seed out in ambient temperature. You can better your germination chances by putting your seed no more than 12 hours in a glass of water; if it floats it’s probably not viable, although it may germinate anyway. If it sinks, it’s probably because it’s viable and full of life, ready for germination. Don’t let it in the water for much longer, as the seed needs to breathe and it may drown and die.

cannabis seeds sealed bag

Cannabis seed germination (3 to 10 days)

For germinating, Cannabis seeds need warm temperature, humidity, air, and water. Place them in a dark, warm, and humid place, for example between two plates in a damped napkin. 

When the seed opens up and starts showing the first white tap root, it’s time to put it in its next growing medium (soil, coco, etc) in a small pot. This root starts to develop and eventually the plant produces the first two oval leaves, called cotyledons. Now it’s a seedling!

How to germinate Cannabis seeds: a guide for beginners

Cannabis Seedling stage (2 to 3 weeks)

Factors that lead to the healthy growth of Cannabis seedlings

  • Warm temperature, around 22 – 27º C
  • Relative humidity: around 65 – 80%.
  • Low light intensity, blue spectrum preferred
  • Adequate light distance (hand test)
  • Light/Photoperiod: 18 hours of light / 6 hours of darkness.
  • Nutrition: a low dosage of nutrients for start, then increasing
  • Small pot size: Once germinated, place your seed/seedling in a small pot or cup with drainage for better results
  • Watering: Water your seedlings with a sprayer to avoid overwatering
  • pH levels: between 6 and 7

Here’s how the seedling stage begins: when the seed opens, the first pair of small round leaves that appear are called “cotyledons”. After that, the little Cannabis plant starts producing serrated leaves, not the characteristic digitate leaves, only single serrated leaflets. As the seedling grows, new leaves with more leaflets start to develop until the plant produces digitate leaves with serrated borders we can all identify as Cannabis fan leaves. When these leaves appear, the plant enters into the vegetative stage. This process may take up to three weeks.

Cannabis seedling
Cannabis seedling first leaves
  • Cannabis seedling to  vegetative stage

Cannabis seedlings growing conditions

Cannabis seedlings like relatively moist conditions. Temperatures should remain warm and lights should be placed near the plants and moved up as they grow. Finally, these baby plants need little amounts of nutrients and their needs will grow as the plant gets bigger and stronger.

Always check lights, airflow, limit the watering to its minimum and keep them in a small pot for a few days instead of planting it in its final container. This helps the root system to develop easier and stronger, with less risk of overwatering and drowning your little plant. Check your seedlings are receiving enough light, or else they’ll grow very tall and weak, with few leaves and a stretched white stem.

Cannabis seedlings – How to avoid stunted growth

Cannabis vegetative stage (3 to 16 weeks) – pics week by week

Factors that lead to the healthy growth of Cannabis in the vegetative stage

  • Warm temperature, around 22 – 26º C
  • Relative humidity: around 40-60%
  • Increased light intensity / blue spectrum 
  • Adequate light distance: hand test
  • Good airflow, extraction and CO2 intake.
  • Light/Photoperiod: 18 hours of light / 6 hours of darkness
  • Nutrition plan: Apply nutrients as needed – set a feeding schedule and follow it    
  • Bigger pot size: Once germinated, place your seed/seedling in a small pot or cup with drainage for better results. Transplant if needed to avoid becoming rootbound.
  • Watering: Water your plant regularly, avoid overwatering and watch for good drainage
  • pH levels: between 6 and 7
Cannabis vegetative stage - week 3
Cannabis vegetative stage - week 4
Cannabis vegetative stage - week 4
Cannabis vegetative stage - week 5

In the vegetative stage, a healthy Cannabis plant grows in height and size as much as it can with the given conditions. Now the plant grows only leaves and stems. Meanwhile, it may show pre-flowers to indicate sex but the buds will only start growing when the days grow shorter, in Autumn, or the photoperiod is changed to 12/12.

How long does the vegetative stage take?

Most growers vegetate their indoor plants for 4-8 weeks, depending on the desired plant size. Cannabis plants are, depending on their strain, able to start flowering from the 4th week of the vegetative stage, but those plants will be smaller. Giving your plants more vegetative time will result in bigger plants and more likely to produce higher yields. In indoors, you must change your lights timer to a 12/12 hours schedule to trigger the flowering stage. By week 6 from seed, some Cannabis plants are able to start showing their gender by growing preflowers.

Vegetative stage in Cannabis plants: a guide for beginners

  • cannabis female preflower

Male, female or hermie?

At this point, you should know (soon) if your plants are male, female or hermaphrodites. If you are growing with the intention of harvesting Marijuana buds, you should only allow female plants to grow and kill the males and hermies ASAP. Male and hermaphrodite plants soon start to pollinate the female plants and you’ll end up with lots of seeds and very little buds. As said before, only female plants produce buds, male and hermaphrodite won’t do it!

Determining the sex of your Cannabis plants

Flowering stage (8 to 11 weeks) – Pictures week by week

Factors that lead to the healthy growth of Flowering Cannabis plants

  • Warm temperature, around (18 – 26º C) 
  • Relative humidity: around 40-50%.
  • Higher light intensity, red spectrum preferred
  • Adequate light distance: hand test
  • Light/Photoperiod: 12 hours of light / 12 hours of darkness.
  • Nutrition: a higher dosage of flowering nutrients
  • Bigger pot size: Transplant to its final pot before starting the flowering stage
  • Watering: Water as needed
  • pH levels: between 6 and 7

Flowering stage indoors

To enter the flowering stage in indoor crops, the photoperiod must be changed to a 12 hours of light / 12 hours of darkness schedule.

It’s extremely important NOT TO INTERRUPT the hours of darkness (lights off) for the plant to start flowering correctly. If this dark period is interrupted, the plant gets “confused” and flowering may be delayed or worse, the plant may revegetate (go back to veg stage) or start producing hermaphrodite flowers. You definitely don’t want that to happen!

Flowering stage outdoors

Growing outdoors, plants will start the flowering stage when the days grow shorter, usually when Autumn is coming.

Autoflowering strains don’t need a photoperiod change to start flowering, their vegetative stage lasts around 4 weeks and then it changes stages automatically.

Cannabis plant during the flowering stage

How long does the flowering stage take?

The duration of the flowering stage varies among different strains.
The flowering stage usually goes from 8 to 11 weeks, depending on the strain. It’s usually divided into weeks or three stages. The flowering period for Indica strains is typically around 8 weeks, but it may take up to 10 weeks. Sativa strains may take up to 10-12 weeks. Typically, hybrid strains will take up to 6-10 weeks to fully develop.

Flowering initiation – week 1-3

From week 1-3 plants stretch and grow in size and height. Plants stretch and double their size in this phase. The female Cannabis plant starts blooming by producing pre-flowers, their pistils look “white hairs”.

Cannabis Flowering stage initiation
Cannabis Flowering stage initiation - week 2

Towards the end of the third week, the plant starts forming its bud sites in the plant nodes (where the main stem and the branches meet). Look for clusters of female preflowers.

Cannabis plant early flowering stage
Cannabis early flowering bud sites

Mid-Flowering –  week 4-5

From week 4-5 plants stop growing in size and start growing, fattening their buds and darkening their pistils. It’s important to keep a good feeding schedule in order to fatten the buds and help the plant grow strong aromatic components.

Cannabis Mid-Flowering - week 4
Cannabis Mid-Flowering - week 4
Cannabis mid-flowering outdoors

Late flowering / Ripening – week 6 to harvest

In the last few weeks, buds gain the most weight. They are sticky to the touch and can be very smelly. You are very close to reaching your goal = harvesting.

In this stage of the Cannabis plant, pistils may show white, cream and brown colors. They also start curling inwards and they get covered in trichomes. Similarly, trichomes also change colors and you should pay close attention to these changes because they are one of the best clues for knowing when is the best time for harvesting.

Cannabis late flowering - week 7
Cannabis late flowering - week 8

Remember you’ll need to do flushing prior to harvesting, so calculate your times in advance! 

Flush for better results!

Flushing involves watering your plants with no nutrients added to “flush” all the salt excess from the roots. It may be done one or two weeks before harvesting (in soil) and in one day, two or more, depending on your feeding schedule and crop size. During this period between flushing and harvesting, plants use most of the nutrients they’ve been building up and the result is a much tastier and aromatic weed. If you don’t flush, those buds may have a bad and strong flavor and smell and may feel harsh on your throat when smoked.

Set reminders with the Grow with Jane app to start monitoring trichomes and pistils changes around week 6-7 with a magnifying glass or loupe to determine the best moment for harvesting. 

Cannabis bud harvested loupe trichomes

For more information and growing tips on the Flowering stage of Cannabis plants, read our full article.

Flowering stage in Cannabis plants: a guide for beginners

When to harvest a Cannabis plant (Week 8+)

Around week 8 of the flowering stage, buds will start fattening quickly. Likewise, you’ll see that trichomes and pistils are maturing and changing colors. Usually, when trichomes turn from transparent to a milky / white-ish color (and maybe 5-10% of them turn amber), your plant is ready for harvesting. In conclusion, it’s up to each grower the harvesting moment, depending on the effects and flavors desired. 

Cannabis bud harvested trichomes
Cannabis branches buds harvesting
Cannabis branches buds hanging drying

We hope this guide helps you understand the Cannabis plant stages and life cycle. Now you know how much time each stage takes and what to expect.

Read the following article to learn how and when to harvest

Read the following article to learn exactly when to harvest your flowering plants, how to tell if they are ready by looking at trichomes and pistils, how to dry and cure your buds, and more! All explained in a simple way, with pics and a Step by step harvesting guide.

How to harvest Cannabis plants indoors: a guide for beginners

Remember to download and try our Cannabis growing journal app, Grow with Jane! You’ll find lots of tools for planning and tracking your Cannabis crop through their stages, calculators, reminders, photos and much more coming soon! And it’s free!!

Grow with Jane App Home view

Grow with Jane, the app for cannabis home growing.

Track your activities and trees.

Plan ahead by setting repeatable reminders.

Get smart insights customized for your crop.

Share your workwith a community of like-minded individuals while learning to grow better.

Get Grow with Jane

Sours: https://growithjane.com/cannabis-plant-life-cycle-stages/

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    Sours: http://stage.rimadesio.it//to/outdoor-grow-journal-white-widows-week-4-veg.xhtml
    1. Destiny faction symbols
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    The Cannabis plant has two main stages in its life cycle: vegetative and flowering stages. In this article, you’ll learn about the vegetative stage, what happens after the seed sprouts and the seedling evolves into a young plant.

    Not there yet? Read our article on Cannabis seedling and come back later!

    Cannabis plant in the vegetative stage

    After growing the first set of fan leaves with a complete set of leaflets, the plant goes from being a seedling to the vegetative stage. Now the plant grows only stems and leaves (not flowers or “buds”) and focuses all its energy on growing big and strong.

    The plant has to grow its body with air, light and nutrients. The recently formed roots are now expanding into their growing medium, looking for water and nutrients. The roots also need air, so make sure there’s plenty of air spaces in the substrate!

    How long does vegetative stage last in a Cannabis plant?

    In the vegetative stage, a healthy Cannabis plant grows in height and size as much as it can with the given conditions. So the bigger the pot and the environment, the bigger the plant will be, provided it has the needed growing requirements.

    The vegetative stage in Cannabis plants may last from 3 to 16 weeks, or even more in outdoor crops.

    Most growers vegetate their indoor plants for 4-8 weeks, depending on the desired plant size. Cannabis plants are usually able to start flowering from the 4th week of the vegetative stage. Probably as a result those plants will be smaller in size. Consequently, giving your plants more vegetative time will result in bigger plants and more likely to produce higher yields. Cannabis plants may be left in the vegetative stage for a longer time, in order to take cuttings from it and make clones of that “mother plant”.

    How does the Cannabis plant change stages? 

    The answer is “photoperiod”. Photoperiodism is a response to the changes of duration in the cycles of light and dark periods. 

    Cannabis is an annual plant. This means its flowering period is determined by the seasons (and their changing photoperiods). So, when the cycle ends, the plant dies.

    In indoors, you must change your lights timer to a 12/12 hours schedule to trigger the flowering stage. By week 4-6 from seed, Cannabis plants are able to start showing their gender by growing preflowers.

    Cannabis life cycle – Weed plant stages

    Male, female or hermie? Determine the sex of your plant

    It’s important to know if your plants are male, female or hermaphrodites. Above all, if you are growing with the intention of harvesting Marijuana buds, you should only allow female plants to grow. So it’s a good idea to kill the males and hermies ASAP. Male and hermaphrodite plants soon start to pollinate the female plants. You’ll end up with lots of seeds and very few buds.

    Male preflowers develop first and very fast! Once those pollen sacs are open, they are bound to start pollinating, not only your crop but most plants 5 km around.

    Look for early signs of male plants: they are usually taller and less bushy than female plants. Just eradicate them, unless you want to produce seeds in a controlled environment.

    • Cannabis plant is male or female

    Cannabis plants growing outdoors (soil in pots) – Vegetative stage week by week

    Cannabis in vegetative stage - week 1
    Cannabis in vegetative stage - week 2
    Cannabis in vegetative stage - week 3
    Cannabis in vegetative stage - week 4
    Cannabis in vegetative stage - week 5
    Cannabis in vegetative stage - week 6
    Cannabis in vegetative stage - week 7
    Cannabis in vegetative stage - week 8

    How to tell if your plant is male or female before flowering

    Basic growing requirements

    Pot size

    The size of your plants will be determined by the environment size, growing lights, pot size and the nutrition plan you apply to your crop. The bigger the environment and the more space the roots get in their growing medium. In other words, the taller and more vigorous your plants will be.

    Temperature

    Cannabis plants in the vegetative stage thrive in temperatures around 22 – 26°C. Therefore, temperatures below this range may affect negatively the plant, or even kill it if it’s exposed to freezing temperatures for a long period. In addition, high temperatures also affect the plant negatively. Beyond 30°C, the plant may experience burns in the leaves, heat stress and other complications.

    Humidity

    Relative humidity measures how much humidity is present in the air expressed as a percentage. In the vegetative stage, the plant grows better in an environment where the RH is around  40-60%.

    Nutrients

    The main fertilizers that the Cannabis plant needs to develop are Nitrogen (N), Phosphorus (P) and Potassium (K). 

    N is key during the vegetative growth, with lower levels of P and K. When the plant starts to bloom, the concentrations of P and K must be increased progressively, while the N concentrations are lowered. That is why there are specific fertilizers for vegetative growth and flowering. 

    Other secondary nutrients will be necessary for the correct development of the plant. These are Magnesium (Mg), Calcium (Ca) and Sulfur (S). Finally, the micronutrients are necessary but in a minimum concentration. These are Zinc (Zn), Manganese (Mn), Iron, (Fe), Boron (B), Chlorine (Cl), Cobalt (Co), Copper (Cu), Molybdenum (Mb) and Silicon (Si). 

    Several brands of fertilizers offer fertilizer kits specially formulated for each stage with the necessary nutrients. Start with the dose indicated by the manufacturer or even 1/2 lower to avoid saturation and gradually increase the amounts until the desired results are achieved.

    Watering

    Water your plant regularly with clean, safe and water. Certainly, using chlorine-free or filtered water leads to better results. Always avoid overwatering and watch for good drainage. There are a few rules to know if your plants need watering, for example: the first 3 cm of the soil is dry, your plants are wilting, the pot feels too light.

    pH levels

    In soil mixes, keep the pH levels between 6 and 7 for optimal plant growth. Almost every nutrient is only available for the plant to uptake within this range of pH.

    Light

    During the vegetative stage, a Cannabis plant growing indoors needs 18 hours of light and 6 hours of darkness a day. The vegetative stage may last for as long as you want in indoor crops. Your plant will continue to grow in size and won’t flower until you change the photoperiod. It depends on the desired final size of the plant for how long to vegetate your plant.

    Plan and track all these requirement values and set stage dates in the Grow with Jane app!

    Grow with Jane App Home view

    Grow with Jane, the app for cannabis home growing.

    Track your activities and trees.

    Plan ahead by setting repeatable reminders.

    Get smart insights customized for your crop.

    Share your workwith a community of like-minded individuals while learning to grow better.

    Get Grow with Jane

    Outdoors, Cannabis plants sprout in Spring and grow in the vegetative stage during Spring and Summer, when they start blooming. When Autumn is coming and the days start to grow shorter, female Cannabis plants stop growing in size. Instead, they develop fat, resinous buds in an attempt to be pollinated by the male plants’ pollen. Look for the first signs of flowering stage outdoors and start counting the flowering days.

    Indoors, you just need to change the photoperiod (the hours of light/dark) to a schedule of 12 hours of light and 12 hours of darkness. As a result, this change will trigger the flowering response in the plants. In the next weeks, they will grow in size rapidly and start producing buds. Until then, a plant in the vegetative stage will grow stems and leaves, it may show pre-flowers to indicate sex but the buds won’t get fat.

    The next stage of growth in Cannabis plants is the flowering stage. This starts with the already mentioned change of photoperiod. By now, your plants had already grown their bodies strong and have many fan leaves and stems. Those nodes sites with white hair will start growing more and more pistils (hair). After that, it will start to form the buds a.k.a. your future harvest! Keep on working on them!!

    First signs of flowering stage in Cannabis plants

    Sours: https://growithjane.com/cannabis-plant-vegetative-stage/
    Week 5 of veg from seed

    My plants seem a bit small for week 4 veg

    PurpleDankPower said:

    Yeah i think once i get another week in ill change over to the HPS light, but like you said in the first week of flowering my plants should double in size so i think the MH would help out with that more then the HPS would.

    Click to expand...

    They look great for 4 weeks. As @987anonsaid it's space that's going to be the issue if you kept them vegging any longer. They're already going to be crazy crouded in that space.

    My thoughts are keep the MH for the next week if you want but on a 12/12 schedule. Keep your veg nutes going for the next 10-14 days or until you see pistils starting.

    Would be great if you'd post an update in 2 weeks so people can see how much they stretched :)

    Edit: Here's my current grow 1 week into flower and then again 2 weeks later (6 indicas in a 8x4 space under 1200w LEDs) to give you an idea of why I suggested you flip:

    flower week 1.jpg
    PE room.jpg

     

    Sours: https://www.rollitup.org/t/my-plants-seem-a-bit-small-for-week-4-veg.913282/

    Veg week 4

    Confessions of a Home Grow: Vegetative Growth Weeks 4 and 5

    By Jay Marsh

    IG: @confessionsofahomegrow

    Our little plants are growing fast! Keep a close eye on them and remember not to over water!

    During week 4 our little plants are around 12-14” tall. You can now see why we “topped” our plant last week. You can now see that we have 2 new growth tips or axillary buds/colas(kolas) instead of the traditional 1 and the shoots will become beefy or look like they are muscular arms, this is to help support the weight of the bud during flowering. Additionally, during this week, I will add a screen across my plants and tent. This screen in referred to as a SCROG or screen of green. SCRoGing the plants allows more growth tips to be exposed to light, meaning more bud! What I did was placed a disposable netting (2”x2”) just above my plants. Once the plants start to pop up over or through the netting, poke or gently bend them back under the netting.  We are still on our 18/6 light cycle. You may also need to increase watering and I have also increased my feeding amount by using my fertilizer tea mix. 1 gallon of tea mix should be enough to thoroughly water your plants. On my 2nd water for the week I will add 2 tsp of Bushdoctor – Kelp Me Kelp You. This will help retain moisture and increase healthy microbes we may have lost due to heavier feeding.

    Side Note: Many people wait until they start the flowering phase to start their SCRoG. I have learned this the hard way, because what happens when you end up with a male plant in the mix?? Well you must cut it out, then you are left with an open spot. Or only use female clones.

    Week 4 Veg Terp Smoothie

    Growth Tips

    Week 4 Veg – With SCRoG


    Week 4 push top under netting

    Week 4 Calico Jack – Outdoors

    During week 5 our little plants continue to grow large around 14-16”. You will still keep them on the same 18/6 light schedule. You will need to slowly increase the amount of water you give. I find myself watering them 2 times per week. I have also increased my feeding amount by using my fertilizer tea mix. You will want to continue to push any new grow down, back under the SCRoG netting. You may also need to secure your plant to the netting, I used a zip tie fitted loosely around the stalk and the netting. This encourages the plant to continue to grow horizontally, instead of vertically. 

    Week 5 Veg – Before pushing tops down under netting

    Week 5 Veg – After pushing tops under netting

    My Fertilizer Tea mix:

    1. Left over coffee grinds from the morning (Leave in the coffee filter, tie filter with floss to create a make shift “tea bag”)
    2. FoxFarms Grow Big (2 tsp)
    3. General Organics CaMg+ (2 tsp)
    4. 2 TBS diatomaceous earth
    5. 2 TBS Dr. Earth Tomato and Vegetable Fertilizer
    6. 1 Gallon Filtered water (or leave 1 gallon sitting in a white bucket in the sun for one full day)
      1. Mix all ingredients together
      2. Let them sit for 4-24 hours
      3. Remove coffee bag
      4. Stir and strain off any large pieces left behind

    Happy Gardening! Remember to talk to your plants daily or play them a little Reggae music! 🙂 

    3,365

    Sours: https://candidchronicle.com/confessions-of-a-home-grow-vegetative-growth-weeks-4-and-5/
    Kanna Genetics Testers (Week 4 veg)

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